Information on the East Asian Metapopulation

The East Asian Metapopulation (East Asian) consists of 147,701 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 162 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (91 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
1155 15 12 29 23 11 14 13 13,13
960 14 12 28 23 10 14 12 13,19
864 15 12 28 23 10 14 13 13,13
829 15 12 29 23 10 14 13 13,13
773 15 12 28 23 11 14 13 13,13
576 15 12 28 23 10 12 12 12,16
552 14 12 28 24 10 14 12 13,19
544 14 12 28 24 10 14 12 13,18
511 15 14 30 25 10 7 13 11,11
462 16 12 28 25 10 13 12 12,19
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
821 11 12 11 29 10 14 15 14 13 23 13,13
542 10 12 11 28 10 14 15 14 13 23 13,13
523 10 12 11 29 10 14 15 14 13 23 13,13
520 11 12 11 28 10 14 15 14 13 23 13,13
503 10 12 11 28 11 14 14 14 12 23 13,19
319 10 14 12 30 11 14 15 7 13 25 11,11
289 10 12 12 28 10 14 16 13 12 25 12,19
247 10 12 12 28 11 15 14 14 12 24 13,18
241 10 13 11 29 10 14 14 15 13 23 12,13
226 10 12 11 29 10 14 15 14 13 23 13,14
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
257 17 12 23 29 15 15 13,13 13 11 11 19 14 12 14 10 18
249 15 12 23 28 17 14 13,19 12 10 11 20 14 12 14 11 20
163 17 12 23 28 15 15 13,13 13 11 11 19 14 12 14 10 18
108 17 12 23 29 15 15 13,13 13 10 11 19 14 12 14 10 18
93 14 12 24 30 16 14 15,15 13 10 11 19 11 12 15 11 19
82 15 13 23 31 15 15 11,11 15 10 11 22 11 11 14 10 21
82 16 12 23 29 15 15 13,13 13 11 11 19 14 12 14 10 18
78 15 12 23 28 16 15 13,13 13 10 11 20 14 12 14 10 18
76 15 14 23 29 17 16 10,19 13 10 12 21 13 11 14 13 18
75 15 13 23 29 16 14 12,13 13 10 11 21 15 12 14 10 19
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
37 17 13 18 29 15 11 23 12 10 10 14 17 20 25 12 14 12 14 16 15,19 16 11
30 18 12 19 27 15 10 24 13 12 10 14 16 23 24 9 13 11 13 15 12,16 15 12
28 17 13 21 31 15 10 27 12 12 10 14 15 22 23 11 11 8 15 15 11,11 15 11
18 18 14 21 30 15 10 25 14 13 10 14 17 21 24 11 11 8 16 15 11,19 15 11
16 19 14 19 32 15 10 23 13 12 11 14 19 24 23 11 14 10 13 15 11,12 16 12
15 18 12 18 29 15 11 25 12 11 10 14 18 19 23 11 14 11 13 15 13,13 17 12
15 18 12 20 29 14 10 23 13 11 11 14 19 20 23 11 14 11 12 17 13,19 15 12
15 18 13 21 30 16 10 26 13 12 10 14 16 21 23 11 11 8 14 15 11,18 15 11
14 15 14 21 29 15 10 24 11 11 10 14 15 21 23 12 11 9 14 18 11,19 15 11
13 19 14 21 30 15 9 24 11 12 10 14 19 22 23 11 13 11 14 16 13,17 16 14
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
38 17 12 20 28 20 9 18 14 12 20 11 15 24 11 14 39 17 15 15,19 32 12 12 23 35,39 11
28 19 12 23 29 21 11 18 15 10 18 10 14 24 10 13 39 16 14 14,16 27 15 11 23 36,39 10
25 16 12 21 30 21 11 14 15 12 18 10 16 23 10 14 37 18 14 14,14 30 13 12 24 39,39 12
16 18 12 19 30 19 11 16 14 12 19 10 14 24 11 11 37 19 15 15,15 26 13 11 26 36,36 12
16 19 12 19 28 21 10 18 15 11 19 10 16 23 10 12 40 16 14 12,16 33 12 12 21 35,39 11
14 15 14 21 29 23 10 18 15 11 21 10 15 23 10 11 35 15 14 11,19 29 14 12 24 36,37 11
14 17 12 21 28 21 11 15 15 12 18 10 15 23 10 14 38 19 14 13,14 31 13 12 27 37,39 12
13 17 12 22 27 19 9 16 14 12 20 10 15 24 11 14 35 18 15 13,19 32 12 13 23 36,38 11
13 18 14 21 30 19 11 15 15 11 21 10 15 24 10 11 38 17 14 11,19 33 16 11 25 35,38 13
12 17 12 19 30 21 11 15 15 12 18 11 17 24 10 14 38 17 14 13,13 32 13 11 25 38,39 11
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS439 DYS438 DYS437 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS576 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS570 DYS643 DYS627 DYS460 DYS518 DYS449 DYF387S1
14 15 14 29 23 10 11 14 11,19 12 10 14 15 18 21 11 21 15 24 11 11 15 9 23 10 35 29 36,37
9 15 14 30 24 10 11 16 11,19 11 10 14 15 15 21 11 21 18 25 14 13 17 8 19 11 38 33 35,38
7 15 13 29 23 10 11 14 11,16 11 10 14 16 18 21 11 21 18 25 12 13 16 9 19 11 38 29 38,38
6 14 12 28 22 10 14 12 11,19 13 11 15 15 17 20 11 20 17 22 12 11 18 12 19 9 34 31 37,37
6 15 12 29 24 10 13 15 14,17 13 10 14 15 18 23 10 18 17 23 11 10 16 10 20 10 40 27 37,39
6 15 13 29 25 10 11 13 12,12 11 10 14 15 19 21 11 22 17 26 12 12 16 10 19 10 40 28 39,41
6 16 13 29 24 10 11 14 12,19 10 10 14 15 16 20 12 21 19 25 12 12 16 9 22 10 38 33 36,38
6 16 13 29 24 11 13 13 13,18 12 10 14 15 17 22 11 18 17 22 12 10 16 12 19 10 41 26 40,40
6 16 14 31 23 10 11 15 11,11 11 10 14 15 15 21 11 21 18 27 12 12 16 8 22 11 39 30 36,36
5 13 13 29 23 10 11 14 14,14 12 10 14 16 16 24 11 19 19 18 12 11 17 9 20 10 41 35 36,40

Population studies

  • Pignone ML., Manzella AM., Galusha M., Le J. and Moreno LI. (2022), 'Y-STR Sample Haplotypes From Five United States of America Population Groups', Forensic Science International: Reports 100274:In press [DOI]
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  • Kim YJ., Shin DJ., Kim JM., Jin HJ., Kwak KD., Han MS., Choi SK. and Kim W. (2001), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotype profiling in the Korean population.', Forensic Sci Int 115(3):231-7 [PubMed]
  • Lee HY., Park MJ., Chung U., Lee HY., Yang WI., Cho SH. and Shin KJ. (2007), 'Haplotypes and mutation analysis of 22 Y-chromosomal STRs in Korean father-son pairs.', Int J Legal Med 121(2):128-35 [PubMed] [DOI]
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  • Guo F., Song L. and Zhang L. (2016), 'Population genetics for 17 Y-STR loci in Korean ethnic minority from Liaoning Province, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 22:e9-e11 [PubMed] [DOI]
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  • Han Y., Li L., Liu X., Chen W., Yang S., Wei L., Xia M., Ma T., Jin L. and Li S. (2016), 'Genetic analysis of 17 Y-STR loci in Han and Korean populations from Jilin Province, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 22:8-10 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Xuan JF., Adnan A., Ali R., Xing JX., Yao J. and Wang BJ. (2018), 'Population genetics of 19 Y‐STR loci in Yanbian Korean samples from China', Annals of Human Genetics 83(3):134-140 [DOI]
  • Wang J., Ding G., Zhang Y., Qi J., Mo X., Li W., Zhao X., Ye J. and Zhang J. (2021), 'Genetic polymorphism and correlative analysis of 29 y-str loci of korean-ethnic population in Tonghua area', Forensic Science and Technology 46(4):401-7 [DOI]
  • Watahiki H., Fujii K., Fukagawa T., Mita Y., Kitayama T. and Mizuno N. (2019), 'Polymorphisms and microvariant sequences in the Japanese population for 25 Y-STR markers and their relationships to Y-chromosome haplogroups', For Sci Int Genet 41:e1-e7 [DOI]
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  • Uchihi R., Yamamoto T., Usuda K., Yoshimoto T., Tanaka M., Tokunaga S., Kurihara R., Tokunaga K. and Katsumata Y. (2003), 'Haplotype analysis with 14 Y-STR loci using 2 multiplex amplification and typing systems in 2 regional populations in Japan.', Int J Legal Med 117(1):34-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
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  • Purps J., Siegert S., Willuweit S., Nagy M., Alves C., Salazar R., Angustia SM., Santos LH., Anslinger K., Bayer B., Ayub Q., Wei W., Xue Y., Tyler-Smith C., Bafalluy MB., Martínez-Jarreta B., Egyed B., Balitzki B., Tschumi S., Ballard D., Court DS., Barrantes X., Bäßler G., Wiest T., Berger B., Niederstätter H., Parson W., Davis C., Budowle B., Burri H., Borer U., Koller C., Carvalho EF., Domingues PM., Chamoun WT., Coble MD., Hill CR., Corach D., Caputo M., D'Amato ME., Davison S., Decorte R., Larmuseau MH., Ottoni C., Rickards O., Lu D., Jiang C., Dobosz T., Jonkisz A., Frank WE., Furac I., Gehrig C., Castella V., Grskovic B., Haas C., Wobst J., Hadzic G., Drobnic K., Honda K., Hou Y., Zhou D., Li Y., Hu S., Chen S., Immel UD., Lessig R., Jakovski Z., Ilievska T., Klann AE., García CC., Knijff D., Kraaijenbrink T., Kondili A., Miniati P., Vouropoulou M., Kovacevic L., Marjanovic D., Lindner I., Mansour I., Al-Azem M., Andari AE., Marino M., Furfuro S., Locarno L., Martín P., Luque GM., Alonso A., Miranda LS., Moreira H., Mizuno N., Iwashima Y., Neto RS., Nogueira TL., Silva R., Nastainczyk-Wulf M., Edelmann J., Kohl M., Nie S., Wang X., Cheng B., Núñez C., Pancorbo MM., Olofsson JK., Morling N., Onofri V., Tagliabracci A., Pamjav H., Volgyi A., Barany G., Pawlowski R., Maciejewska A., Pelotti S., Pepinski W., Abreu-Glowacka M., Phillips C., Cárdenas J., Rey-Gonzalez D., Salas A., Brisighelli F., Capelli C., Toscanini U., Piccinini A., Piglionica M., Baldassarra SL., Ploski R., Konarzewska M., Jastrzebska E., Robino C., Sajantila A., Palo JU., Guevara E., Salvador J., Ungria MC., Rodriguez JJ., Schmidt U., Schlauderer N., Saukko P., Schneider PM., Sirker M., Shin KJ., Oh YN., Skitsa I., Ampati A., Smith TG., Calvit LS., Stenzl V., Capal T., Tillmar A., Nilsson H., Turrina S., Leo D., Verzeletti A., Cortellini V., Wetton JH., Gwynne GM., Jobling MA., Whittle MR., Sumita DR., Wolańska-Nowak P., Yong RY., Krawczak M., Nothnagel M. and Roewer L. (2014), 'A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 12:12-23 [PubMed] [DOI]
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  • Parkin EJ., Kraayenbrink T., Opgenort JR., Driem V., Tuladhar NM., Knijff D. and Jobling MA. (2007), 'Diversity of 26-locus Y-STR haplotypes in a Nepalese population sample: isolation and drift in the Himalayas.', Forensic Sci Int 166(2-3):176-81 [PubMed] [DOI]
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  • Fan GY., An YR., Peng CX., Deng JL., Pan LP. and Ye Y. (2019), 'Forensic and phylogenetic analyses among three Yi populations in Southwest China with 27 Y chromosomal STR loci', Int J Legal Med 133(3):795-7 [DOI]
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  • Cao S., Bai P., Zhu W., Chen D., Wang H., Jin B., Zhang L. and Liang W. (2018), 'Genetic portrait of 27 Y-STR loci in the Tibetan ethnic population of the Qinghai province of China', Forensic Science International Genetics 34:e18-e19 [DOI]
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  • Gayden T., Bukhari A., Chennakrishnaiah S., Stojkovic O. and Herrera RJ. (2012), 'Y-chromosomal microsatellite diversity in three culturally defined regions of historical Tibet.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 6(4):437-46 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Ye Y., Gao J., Fan G., Liao L. and Hou Y. (2015), 'Population genetics for 23 Y-STR loci in Tibetan in China and confirmation of DYS448 null allele.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 16:e7-e10 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Bai R., Liu Y., Lv X., Shi M. and Ma S. (2016), 'Genetic polymorphisms of 17 Y chromosomal STRs in She and Manchu ethnic populations from China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 22:e12-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Yang YR., Jing YT., Zhang GD., Fang XD. and Yan JW. (2014), 'Genetic analysis of 17 Y-chromosomal STR loci of Chinese Tujia ethnic group residing in Youyang Region of Southern China', Leg Med (Tokyo) 16(3):173-5 [Link] [DOI]
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YA005221, YA005718, YA005824, YA005610, YA005924, YA005082, YA005035, YA005775, YA005372, YA005843, YA005969, YA005901, YA005958, YA005532, YA005725, YA005511, YA005496, YA005297, YA005597, YA005444, YA005280, YA005657, YA005450, YA005885, YA005674, YA005430, YA005163, YA005429, YA005682, YA005784, YA005635, YA005135, YA005053, YA005323, YA005607, YA005462, YA005184, YA005940, YA005006, YA005374, YA005105, YA005158, YA005647, YA005644, YA005574, YA005313, YA006003, YA005114, YA005040, YA005617, YA005174, YA005719, YA005946, YA005305, YA002961, YA005838, YA005664, YA005802, YA005854, YA005424, YA005029, YA005354, YA004195, YA005494, YA005111, YA005069, YA005003, YA005063, YA005296, YA005170, YA005060, YA005681, YA005365, YA005906, YA005781, YA005083, YA005859, YA005764, YA005537, YA005897, YA005092, YA006004, YA005855, YA005442, YA005648, YA005780, YA005900, YA005788, YA005231, YA005913, YA005065, YA004764, YA002928, YA005629, YA002926, YA005957, YA005251, YA005054, YA005943, YA004761
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here