Information on the National Database "China"

The National Database "China" consists of 132,169 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 124 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (71 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
1100 15 12 29 23 11 14 13 13,13
880 14 12 28 23 10 14 12 13,19
796 15 12 29 23 10 14 13 13,13
772 15 12 28 23 10 14 13 13,13
697 15 12 28 23 11 14 13 13,13
569 15 14 30 25 10 7 13 11,11
565 15 12 28 23 10 12 12 12,16
494 14 12 28 24 10 14 12 13,19
487 16 13 29 25 10 11 13 12,13
486 14 12 28 24 10 14 12 13,18
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
812 11 12 11 29 10 14 15 14 13 23 13,13
516 10 12 11 29 10 14 15 14 13 23 13,13
513 10 12 11 28 10 14 15 14 13 23 13,13
512 11 12 11 28 10 14 15 14 13 23 13,13
507 10 12 11 28 11 14 14 14 12 23 13,19
464 10 13 10 29 10 14 16 11 13 25 12,13
348 10 14 12 30 11 14 15 7 13 25 11,11
283 10 12 12 28 10 14 16 13 12 25 12,19
234 10 13 11 29 10 14 14 15 13 23 12,13
231 10 12 12 28 11 15 14 14 12 24 13,18
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
253 15 12 23 28 17 14 13,19 12 10 11 20 14 12 14 11 20
249 17 12 23 29 15 15 13,13 13 11 11 19 14 12 14 10 18
240 15 13 25 29 18 16 12,13 13 10 10 21 11 11 14 10 23
161 17 12 23 28 15 15 13,13 13 11 11 19 14 12 14 10 18
109 17 12 23 29 15 15 13,13 13 10 11 19 14 12 14 10 18
90 14 12 24 30 16 14 15,15 13 10 11 19 11 12 15 11 19
82 15 13 23 31 15 15 11,11 15 10 11 22 11 11 14 10 21
81 16 12 23 29 15 15 13,13 13 11 11 19 14 12 14 10 18
76 16 14 26 30 16 15 11,11 13 10 12 21 7 10 14 11 19
73 15 12 23 28 16 15 13,13 13 10 11 20 14 12 14 10 18
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
37 17 13 18 29 15 11 23 12 10 10 14 17 20 25 12 14 12 14 16 15,19 16 11
28 17 13 21 31 15 10 27 12 12 10 14 15 22 23 11 11 8 15 15 11,11 15 11
19 17 13 22 29 16 10 25 12 12 10 14 16 21 25 10 11 10 13 18 12,13 15 11
18 18 14 21 30 15 10 25 14 13 10 14 17 21 24 11 11 8 16 15 11,19 15 11
16 19 14 19 32 15 10 23 13 12 11 14 19 24 23 11 14 10 13 15 11,12 16 12
15 18 12 20 29 14 10 23 13 11 11 14 19 20 23 11 14 11 12 17 13,19 15 12
15 18 13 21 30 16 10 26 13 12 10 14 16 21 23 11 11 8 14 15 11,18 15 11
14 15 14 21 29 15 10 24 11 11 10 14 15 21 23 12 11 9 14 18 11,19 15 11
14 18 12 18 29 15 11 25 12 11 10 14 18 19 23 11 14 11 13 15 13,13 17 12
13 19 14 21 30 15 9 24 11 12 10 14 19 22 23 11 13 11 14 16 13,17 16 14
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
38 17 12 20 28 20 9 18 14 12 20 11 15 24 11 14 39 17 15 15,19 32 12 12 23 35,39 11
28 19 12 23 29 21 11 18 15 10 18 10 14 24 10 13 39 16 14 14,16 27 15 11 23 36,39 10
25 16 12 21 30 21 11 14 15 12 18 10 16 23 10 14 37 18 14 14,14 30 13 12 24 39,39 12
16 18 12 19 30 19 11 16 14 12 19 10 14 24 11 11 37 19 15 15,15 26 13 11 26 36,36 12
16 19 12 19 28 21 10 18 15 11 19 10 16 23 10 12 40 16 14 12,16 33 12 12 21 35,39 11
14 15 14 21 29 23 10 18 15 11 21 10 15 23 10 11 35 15 14 11,19 29 14 12 24 36,37 11
14 17 12 21 28 21 11 15 15 12 18 10 15 23 10 14 38 19 14 13,14 31 13 12 27 37,39 12
13 17 12 22 27 19 9 16 14 12 20 10 15 24 11 14 35 18 15 13,19 32 12 13 23 36,38 11
13 18 14 21 30 19 11 15 15 11 21 10 15 24 10 11 38 17 14 11,19 33 16 11 25 35,38 13
12 17 12 19 30 21 11 15 15 12 18 11 17 24 10 14 38 17 14 13,13 32 13 11 25 38,39 11
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS439 DYS438 DYS437 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS576 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS570 DYS643 DYS627 DYS460 DYS518 DYS449 DYF387S1
14 15 14 29 23 10 11 14 11,19 12 10 14 15 18 21 11 21 15 24 11 11 15 9 23 10 35 29 36,37
9 15 14 30 24 10 11 16 11,19 11 10 14 15 15 21 11 21 18 25 14 13 17 8 19 11 38 33 35,38
8 14 14 30 23 10 14 14 11,13 10 10 14 14 18 22 11 19 16 21 11 11 19 11 24 11 39 28 35,36
7 15 13 29 23 10 11 14 11,16 11 10 14 16 18 21 11 21 18 25 12 13 16 9 19 11 38 29 38,38
6 14 12 28 22 10 14 12 11,19 13 11 15 15 17 20 11 20 17 22 12 11 18 12 19 9 34 31 37,37
6 15 13 29 25 10 11 13 12,12 11 10 14 15 19 21 11 22 17 26 12 12 16 10 19 10 40 28 39,41
6 16 13 29 24 10 11 14 12,19 10 10 14 15 16 20 12 21 19 25 12 12 16 9 22 10 38 33 36,38
6 16 13 29 24 11 13 13 13,18 12 10 14 15 17 22 11 18 17 22 12 10 16 12 19 10 41 26 40,40
6 16 13 29 25 10 11 13 12,13 10 10 14 15 18 21 11 22 17 25 12 12 16 10 21 10 39 27 38,41
6 16 14 31 23 10 11 15 11,11 11 10 14 15 15 21 11 21 18 27 12 12 16 8 22 11 39 30 36,36

Population studies

  • Hidding M. and Schmitt C. (2000), 'Haplotype frequencies and population data of nine Y-chromosomal STR polymorphisms in a German and a Chinese population.', Forensic Sci Int 113(1-3):47-53 [PubMed]
  • Shang J. and Hu SP. (2015), 'Haplotype data of 23 Y-chromosome markers in Minnan Han Chinese and comparison with those of 12 Y-chromosome markers', J Huazhong Univ Sci Technol (Med Sci) 35(3):456-463
  • Zhu B., Shen C., Xun X., Yan J., Deng Y., Zhu J. and Liu Y. (2007), 'Population genetic polymorphisms for 17 Y-chromosomal STRs haplotypes of Chinese Salar ethnic minority group', Leg. Med. (Tokyo) 9(4):203-9 [DOI]
  • Kim YJ., Shin DJ., Kim JM., Jin HJ., Kwak KD., Han MS., Choi SK. and Kim W. (2001), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotype profiling in the Korean population.', Forensic Sci Int 115(3):231-7 [PubMed]
  • Kwak KD., Jin HJ., Shin DJ., Kim JM., Roewer L., Krawczak M., Tyler-Smith C. and Kim W. (2005), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes and their applications to forensic and population studies in east Asia.', Int J Legal Med 119(4):195-201 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zhu B., Shen C., Qian G., Shi R., Dang Y., Zhu J., Huang P., Xu Y., Zhao Q., Ma J. and Liu Y. (2006), 'Genetic polymorphisms for 11 Y-STRs haplotypes of Chinese Yi ethnic minority group.', Forensic Sci Int 158(2-3):229-33 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zhu B., Li X., Wang Z., Wu H., He Y., Zhao J. and Liu Y. (2005), 'Y-STRs haplotypes of Chinese Mongol ethnic group using Y-PLEX 12.', Forensic Sci Int 153(2-3):260-3 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zhu B., Liu S., Ci D., Huang J., Wang Y., Chen L., Zhu J., Xu Y., Zhao Q., Li S. and Liu Y. (2006), 'Population genetics for Y-chromosomal STRs haplotypes of Chinese Tibetan ethnic minority group in Tibet.', Forensic Sci Int 161(1):78-83 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zhu B., Deng Y., Zhang F., Wei W., Chen L., Zhao J., He Y., Tian Y., Xu Y., Yu R., Fang J. and Liu Y. (2006), 'Genetic analysis for Y chromosome short tandem repeat haplotypes of Chinese Han population residing in the Ningxia province of China.', J Forensic Sci 51(6):1417-20 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zhu B., Wu Y., Shen C., Yang T., Deng Y., Xun X., Tian Y., Yan J. and Li T. (2008), 'Genetic analysis of 17 Y-chromosomal STRs haplotypes of Chinese Tibetan ethnic group residing in Qinghai province of China.', Forensic Sci Int 175(2-3):238-43 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Shi M., Li Y., Tang J., Zhang H. and Hou Y. (2007), 'Southwest China Han Population data for nine Y-STR loci by multiplex polymerase chain reaction.', J Forensic Sci 52(1):228-30 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zhu B., Wang Z., Wu Q., Sedike ME., Zhu J., Huang P., Xu Y. and Liu Y. (2005), 'Genetic analysis of 15 STR loci of Chinese Uigur ethnic population.', J Forensic Sci 50(5):1235-6 [PubMed]
  • Wu W., Pan L., Hao H., Zheng X., Lin J. and Lu D. (2011), 'Population genetics of 17 Y-STR loci in a large Chinese Han population from Zhejiang Province, Eastern China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(1):e11-3 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Yanmei Y., Tao G., Yubao Z., Chunjie X., Bifeng C., Shi L., Bingying X., Qiang J., Qinyong Z., Wen Z., Shengjun L. and Shengjie N. (2010), 'Genetic polymorphism of 11 Y-chromosomal STR loci in Yunnan Han Chinese.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(2):e67-9 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Purps J., Siegert S., Willuweit S., Nagy M., Alves C., Salazar R., Angustia SM., Santos LH., Anslinger K., Bayer B., Ayub Q., Wei W., Xue Y., Tyler-Smith C., Bafalluy MB., Martínez-Jarreta B., Egyed B., Balitzki B., Tschumi S., Ballard D., Court DS., Barrantes X., Bäßler G., Wiest T., Berger B., Niederstätter H., Parson W., Davis C., Budowle B., Burri H., Borer U., Koller C., Carvalho EF., Domingues PM., Chamoun WT., Coble MD., Hill CR., Corach D., Caputo M., D'Amato ME., Davison S., Decorte R., Larmuseau MH., Ottoni C., Rickards O., Lu D., Jiang C., Dobosz T., Jonkisz A., Frank WE., Furac I., Gehrig C., Castella V., Grskovic B., Haas C., Wobst J., Hadzic G., Drobnic K., Honda K., Hou Y., Zhou D., Li Y., Hu S., Chen S., Immel UD., Lessig R., Jakovski Z., Ilievska T., Klann AE., García CC., Knijff D., Kraaijenbrink T., Kondili A., Miniati P., Vouropoulou M., Kovacevic L., Marjanovic D., Lindner I., Mansour I., Al-Azem M., Andari AE., Marino M., Furfuro S., Locarno L., Martín P., Luque GM., Alonso A., Miranda LS., Moreira H., Mizuno N., Iwashima Y., Neto RS., Nogueira TL., Silva R., Nastainczyk-Wulf M., Edelmann J., Kohl M., Nie S., Wang X., Cheng B., Núñez C., Pancorbo MM., Olofsson JK., Morling N., Onofri V., Tagliabracci A., Pamjav H., Volgyi A., Barany G., Pawlowski R., Maciejewska A., Pelotti S., Pepinski W., Abreu-Glowacka M., Phillips C., Cárdenas J., Rey-Gonzalez D., Salas A., Brisighelli F., Capelli C., Toscanini U., Piccinini A., Piglionica M., Baldassarra SL., Ploski R., Konarzewska M., Jastrzebska E., Robino C., Sajantila A., Palo JU., Guevara E., Salvador J., Ungria MC., Rodriguez JJ., Schmidt U., Schlauderer N., Saukko P., Schneider PM., Sirker M., Shin KJ., Oh YN., Skitsa I., Ampati A., Smith TG., Calvit LS., Stenzl V., Capal T., Tillmar A., Nilsson H., Turrina S., Leo D., Verzeletti A., Cortellini V., Wetton JH., Gwynne GM., Jobling MA., Whittle MR., Sumita DR., Wolańska-Nowak P., Yong RY., Krawczak M., Nothnagel M. and Roewer L. (2014), 'A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 12:12-23 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zhang Y., Lv D., Tong D., Mao X., Zhou Y., Zhou C., Zaerhumaer Y., Zang Y. and Chen Z. (2013), 'Allele frequencies of 12 Y-chromosomal STRs in Chinese Tuvans in the Altay region.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 7(1):e7-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Shi M., Bai R., Bai L. and Yu X. (2011), 'Population genetics for Y-chromosomal STRs haplotypes of Chinese Xibe ethnic group.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(5):e119-21 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Bai R., Zhang Z., Liang Q., Lu D., Yuan L., Yang X. and Ms S. (2013), 'Haplotype diversity of 17 Y-STR loci in a Chinese Han population sample from Shanxi Province, Northern China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 7(1):214-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Bai R., Liu Y., Lv X., Shi M. and Ma S. (2016), 'Genetic polymorphisms of 17 Y chromosomal STRs in She and Manchu ethnic populations from China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 22:e12-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Kim W., Shin DJ., Harihara S. and Kim YJ. (2000), 'Y chromosomal DNA variation in east Asian populations and its potential for inferring the peopling of Korea', J Hum Genet 45:76-83
  • Gayden T., Bukhari A., Chennakrishnaiah S., Stojkovic O. and Herrera RJ. (2012), 'Y-chromosomal microsatellite diversity in three culturally defined regions of historical Tibet.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 6(4):437-46 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Bing L., Liang W., Pi J., Zhang D., Yong D., Luo H., Zhang L. and Lin Z. (2013), 'Population genetics for 17 Y-STR loci(AmpFISTR®Y-filerTM) in Luzhou Han ethnic group.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 7(2):e23-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Guo F. (2017), 'Population genetics for 17 Y-STR loci in Northern Han Chinese from Liaoning Province, Northeast China', Forensic Science International Genetics 29:e35-e37 [Link] [DOI]
  • He J. and Guo F. (2013), 'Population genetics of 17 Y-STR loci in Chinese Manchu population from Liaoning Province, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 7(3):e84-5 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Guo F. (2015), 'Population genetics for 17 Y-STR loci in Mongolian ethnic minority from Liaoning Province, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 17:153-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Guo F., Song L. and Zhang L. (2016), 'Population genetics for 17 Y-STR loci in Korean ethnic minority from Liaoning Province, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 22:e9-e11 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Guo F., Zhang L. and Jiang X. (2015), 'Population genetics of 17 Y-STR loci in Xibe ethnic minority from Liaoning Province, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci International Genetics 16:86-7
  • Guo F. (2017), 'Population genetics for 17 Y-STR loci in Hui ethnic minority from Liaoning Province, Northeast China.', For Sci International Genetics 28:e36-e37 [DOI]
  • Yao HB., Wang CC., Tao X., Shang L., Wen SQ., Zhu B., Kang L., Jin L. and Li H. (2016), 'Genetic evidence for an East Asian origin of Chinese Muslim populations Dongxiang and Hui.', Scientific Reports 6:38656 [DOI]
  • Yang YR., Jing YT., Zhang GD., Fang XD. and Yan JW. (2014), 'Genetic analysis of 17 Y-chromosomal STR loci of Chinese Tujia ethnic group residing in Youyang Region of Southern China', Leg Med (Tokyo) 16(3):173-5 [Link] [DOI]
  • Shan W., Ablimit A., Zhou W., Zhang F., Ma Z. and Zheng X. (2014), 'Genetic polymorphism of 17 Y chromosomal STRs in Kazakh and Uighur populations from Xinjiang, China.', Int J Legal Med 128(5):743-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Liu Y., Liao L., Gu M. and Ye Y. (2014), 'Population genetics for 17 Y-STR loci in a Chinese Han population sample from Mudanjiang city, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 13:e16-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Ye Y., Gao J., Fan G., Liao L. and Hou Y. (2015), 'Population genetics for 23 Y-STR loci in Tibetan in China and confirmation of DYS448 null allele.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 16:e7-e10 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Wang F., Song F., Song M., Luo H. and Hou Y. (2022), 'Genetic structure and paternal admixture of the modern Chinese Zhuang population based on 37 Y-STRs and 233 Y-SNPs', Forensic Science International Genetics 58:102681 [Link]
  • Zeng Z., Rowold DJ., Garcia-Bertrand R., Calderon S., Regueiro M., Li L., Zhong M. and Herrera RJ. (2014), 'Taiwanese aborigines: genetic heterogeneity and paternal contribution to Oceania', Gene 542(2):240-7 [DOI]
  • Shi M., Liu Y., Zhang J., Bai R., Lv X. and Ma S. (2015), 'Analysis of 24 Y chromosomal STR haplotypes in a Chinese Han population sample from Henan Province, Central China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 17:83-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Yang Y., Yuan W., Guo F. and Jiang X. (2015), 'Population genetics of 17 Y-STR loci in Nanyang Han population from Henan Province, Central China', Forensic Sci International Genetics 13:145-6
  • Zhang S., Tian H., Wang Z., Zhao S., Hu Z., Li C. and Ji C. (2014), 'Development of a new 26plex Y-STRs typing system for forensic application.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 13:112-20 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Gao T., Yun L., Gu Y., He W., Wang Z. and Hou Y. (2015), 'Phylogenetic analysis and forensic characteristics of 12 populations using 23 Y-STR loci', For Sci Int Genet 19:130-3 [DOI]
  • Wang Y., Dang Z., Zhang G., Li S., Liu Q., Li C., Hou X., Li H., Chen S. and Cui W. (2019), 'Genetic diversity and haplotype structure of 27 Y-STR loci in a Han population from Jining, Shandong province, Eastern China', For Sci Int Genet 42:e25-e26 [DOI]
  • Tao X., Lei L., Hao S., Wang T., Zang L. and Liu X. (2017), 'Genetic diversity of 17 YSTR loci in Tibetans from Gannan', Chin. J. Forensic Med. 32(1):74-5
  • Shu L., Li L., Yu G., Yu B., Liu Y., Li S., Jin L. and Yan S. (2015), 'Genetic analysis of 17 Y-STR loci in Han, Dong, Miao and Tujia populations from Hunan province, central-southern China', For Sci Int Genet 19:250-1 [DOI]
  • Bai R., Liu Y., Zhang J., Shi M., Dong H., Ma S., R. F. and Shi MS. (2016), 'Analysis of 27 Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in a Han population of Henan province, Central China', International Journal of Legal Medicine 130(5):1191-4 [Link] [DOI]
  • Ou X., Wang Y., Liu C., Yang D., Zhang C., Deng S. and Sun H. (2015), 'Haplotype analysis of the polymorphic 40 Y-STR markers in Chinese populations', Forensic Sci. Int. Genet 19:255-262 [Link] [DOI]
  • Wang Y., Zhang Y., Zhang C., Li R., Yang Y., Ou X., Tong D. and Sun H. (2016), 'Genetic polymorphisms and mutation rates of 27 Y-chromosomal STRs in a Han population from Guangdong Province, Southern China', Forensic Science International: Genetics 21:5-9 [Link] [DOI]
  • Li L., Yu G., Li S., Jin L. and Yan S. (2016), 'Genetic analysis of 17 Y-STR loci from 1019 individuals of six Han populations in East China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 20:101-2 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Xu J., Li L., Wei L., Nie Z., Yang S., Xia M., Ma T., Sun H., Zhao X., Ping Y., Zhou H., Xue F., Zhao Z., Jin L. and Li S. (2016), 'Genetic analysis of 17 Y-STR loci in Han population from Shandong Province in East China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 22:e15-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Gao T., Yun L., Gao S., Gu Y., He W., Luo H. and Hou Y. (2016), 'Population genetics of 23 Y-STR loci in the Mongolian minority population in Inner Mongolia of China.', Int J Legal Med 130(6):1509-11 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Han Y., Li L., Liu X., Chen W., Yang S., Wei L., Xia M., Ma T., Jin L. and Li S. (2016), 'Genetic analysis of 17 Y-STR loci in Han and Korean populations from Jilin Province, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 22:8-10 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zhou H., Ren Z., Zhang H., Wang J. and Huang J. (2016), 'Genetic profile of 17 Y chromosome STRs in the Guizhou Han population of southwestern China', Forensic Science International Genetics 25:e6–e7 [Link] [DOI]
  • Fu X., Fu Y., Liu Y., Guo J., Liu Y., Guo Y., Yan J., Cai J., Liu J. and Zha (2016), 'Genetic polymorphisms of 26 Y-STR loci in the Mongolian minority from Horqin district, China', International Journal of Legal Medicine 130(4):941-6
  • Adnan A., Kasim K., Rakha A., Noor A., Sabir A., Hadi S. and Xing J. (2019), 'Population data of 23 Y STRs from Manchu population of Liaoning Province, Northeast China', Int J Legal Med 133(3):785-8 [DOI]
  • Xu S., Yang S., Yang M., Jia D., Han X., Wang W., Jin L., Li L. and Li S. (2016), 'Analysis of Y-chromosome short tandem repeat loci on 1082 Nantong Han individuals in eastern China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 23:e18-9 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Jiang W., Gong Z., Rong H., Guan H., Zhang T., Zhao Y., Fu X., Zha L., Jin C. and Ding Y. (2016), 'Population genetics of 26 Y-STR loci for the Han ethnic in Hunan province, China.', Int J Legal Med 131(1):115-7 [DOI]
  • Zhang J., Wang J., Liu Y., Shi M., Bai R. and Ma S. (2017), 'Haplotype data for 27 Y-chromosomal STR loci in the Chaoshan Han population, South China', Forensic Science International Genetics 31:e54-e56 [Link] [DOI]
  • Wang L., Chen F., Kang B., Zheng H., Zhao Y., Li L. and Zeng Z. (2016), 'Genetic population data of Yfiler Plus kit from 1434 unrelated Hans in Henan Province (Central China).', Forensic Sci Int Genet 22:e25-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Wang H., Mao J., Xia Y., Bai X., Zhu W., Peng D. and Liang W. (2017), 'Genetic polymorphisms of 17 Y-chromosomal STRs in the Chengdu Han population of China', Int J Legal Med 131(4):967-8 [DOI]
  • Zhao Q., Bian Y., Zhang S., Zhu R., Zhou W., Gao Y. and Li C. (2017), 'Population genetics study using 26 Y-chromosomal STR loci in the Hui ethnic group in China', Forensic Science International: Genetics 28:e26-e27 [Link] [DOI]
  • Wang J., Wen S., Shi M., Liu Y., Zhang J., Li H. and Bai R. (2018), 'Haplotype structure of 27 Yfiler®Plus loci in Chinese Dongxiang ethnic group and its genetic relationships with other populations', Forensic Science International Genetics 33:e13-16 [Link] [DOI]
  • Zhang X., Gu T., Yao J., Yang C., Du L., Bo J., Rao M., Nie A., Hu L. and Nie S. (2017), 'Genetic analysis of 24 Y-STR loci in the Miao ethnic minority from Yunnan Province, southwestern China', For Sci International Genetics 28:e30-e32 [DOI]
  • Hu L., Gu T., Fan X., Yuan X., Rao M., Bo J., Nie A., Du L., Zhang X. and Nie S. (2017), 'Genetic polymorphisms of 24 Y-STR loci in Hani ethnic minority from Yunnan Province, Southwest China', Int J Legal Med 131(5):1235-7 [DOI]
  • Cao S., Bai P., Zhu W., Chen D., Wang H., Jin B., Zhang L. and Liang W. (2018), 'Genetic portrait of 27 Y-STR loci in the Tibetan ethnic population of the Qinghai province of China', Forensic Science International Genetics 34:e18-e19 [DOI]
  • Fan G., Li W., Ye Y., Li X., Ge W., Yang Y. and Long B. (2017), 'Haplotype Diversity of 17 Y-Chromosome STR Loci in Han Population From Different Areas of Sichuan Province, Southwest China', Leg Med (Tokyo) 26:73-75 [DOI]
  • Guo F., Li J., Chen K., Tang R. and Zhou L. (2017), ' Population genetic data for 27 Y-STR loci in the Zhuang ethnic minority from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in the south of China', Forensic Science International: Genetics 27:182-3 [DOI]
  • Liu C., Han X., Min Y., Liu H., Xu Q., Yang X., Huang S., Chen Z. and Liu C. (2018), 'Genetic polymorphism analysis of 40 Y-chromosomal STR loci in seven populations from South China.', Forensic Sci Int 291:109-114 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Dezhi C., Meili L., Yingjian H., Yiping H., Yu T. and Weibo L. (2021), 'Population genetics of 27 Y-STRs for the Yi population from Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, China', Int J Legal Med 135:441-2 [DOI]
  • Ji J., Ren Z., Zhang H., Wang Q. and Wang J. (2017), 'Genetic profile of 23 Y chromosomal STR loci in Guizhou Shui population, southwest China', Forensic Science International: Genetics 28:e16-e17 [DOI]
  • Chen P., Han Y., He G., Luo H., Gao T., Song F., Wan D., Yu J. and Hou Y. (2018), 'Genetic diversity and phylogenetic study of the Chinese Gelao ethnic minority via 23 Y-STR loci', Int J Legal Med 132(4):1093-1096 [DOI]
  • Bian Y., Zhang S., Zhou W., Zhao Q., Siqintuya , Zhu R., Wang Z., Gao Y., Hong J., Lu D. and Li C. (2016), 'Analysis of genetic admixture in Uyghur using the 26 Y-STR loci system', Scientific Reports 6:19998 [Link] [DOI]
  • Wang Z., Du W., He G., Liu J. and Hou Y. (2017), 'Forensic characteristics and phylogenetic analysis of Hubei Han population in central China using 17 Y-STR loci', Forensic Science International Genetics 29:e4-e8 [Link] [DOI]
  • Chen P., He G., Zou X., Zhang X., Li J., Wang Z., Gao H., Luo L., Zhang Z., Yu J. and Han Y. (2018), 'Genetic diversities and phylogenetic analyses of three Chinese main ethnic groups in southwest China: A Y-Chromosomal STR study', Scientific Reports 8(1):15339 [DOI]
  • Chen P., He G., Xing H., Gao H., Wang M., Zhao M., Luo L., Wu J., Yu J. and Han Y. (2019), 'Forensic characteristics and phylogenetic analysis of 23 Y-STR loci in the Miao population from Guizhou province, southwest China', Annals of Human Biology 46(1):1-11 [DOI]
  • Wang H., Ba H., Yang C., Zhang J. and Tai Y. (2017), 'Inner and inter population structure construction of Chinese Jiangsu Han population based on Y23 STR system', PLoS ONE 12(7):e0180921 [DOI]
  • Chen WQ., Feng Z., Jin W., Zhang YJ., Wang Q., Li P., Li SL., Wei LH. and Liu G. (2018), 'Genetic analysis of 17 Y-STR loci from 1026 individuals of Han populations in Jilin Province, Northeast China', Int J Legal Med 13(5):1309-11 [Link] [DOI]
  • Zhou Y., Shao C., Li L., Zhang Y., Liu B., Yang Q., Tang Q., Li S. and Xi J. (2018), 'Genetic analysis of 29 Y-STR loci in the Chinese Han population from Shanghai', Forensic Science International Genetics 32:e1-e4 [Link] [DOI]
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