Information on the African - Sub-Saharan Metapopulation

The Sub-Saharan Metapopulation (African - Sub-Saharan) consists of 3582 minimal haplotypes.

Population Sample Minimal PowerPlex Y Yfiler PowerPlex Y23 Yfiler Plus Maximal
Cabinda, Angola [African] 75 Haplotypes 75 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cameroon [African] 54 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cape Town, South Africa [Xhosa] 213 Haplotypes 114 Haplotypes 114 Haplotypes 114 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Equatorial Guinea [African] 99 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Guinea-Bissau [African] 247 Haplotypes 86 Haplotypes 86 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Johannesburg, South Africa [Eastern Bantu] 393 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Mozambique [Mozambican] 112 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Western Africa [African] 79 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ovamboland, Namibia [Ovambo] 54 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Karamoja, Uganda [Nilo-Saharan] 118 Haplotypes 118 Haplotypes 118 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Benin [Beninese] 39 Haplotypes 39 Haplotypes 39 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Benin [Fon] 39 Haplotypes 39 Haplotypes 39 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
French Guiana [Noir Marron] 42 Haplotypes 42 Haplotypes 42 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cote d'Ivoire [Ahizi] 49 Haplotypes 49 Haplotypes 49 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cote d'Ivoire [Yacouba] 41 Haplotypes 41 Haplotypes 41 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Angola [Bakongo] 57 Haplotypes 57 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Angola [Kimbundo] 53 Haplotypes 53 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Angola [Ovimbundo] 53 Haplotypes 53 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Webuye, Kenya [Luhya] 44 Haplotypes 44 Haplotypes 44 Haplotypes 44 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kinyawa, Kenya [Maasai] 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ibadan, Nigeria [Yoruba] 116 Haplotypes 116 Haplotypes 116 Haplotypes 81 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Zimbabwe [Zimbabwean] 55 Haplotypes 55 Haplotypes 55 Haplotypes 55 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
North Benin, Benin [Beninese] 51 Haplotypes 51 Haplotypes 51 Haplotypes 51 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cape Verde [African] 117 Haplotypes 117 Haplotypes 117 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Angola [African] 71 Haplotypes 71 Haplotypes 71 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Botswana [Birwa, Herero, Kalanga, Kgalagadi, Mbukushu, Ndebele, Pedi, Sarwa, Sobea, Tswapong, Xhosa, Yei] 61 Haplotypes 61 Haplotypes 61 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Botswana [Tswana] 191 Haplotypes 191 Haplotypes 191 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Bagandu, Central African Republic [Biaka Pygmy] 33 Haplotypes 33 Haplotypes 33 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania [Chagga] 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Dodoma, Tanzania [Sandawe] 25 Haplotypes 25 Haplotypes 25 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ekenywa, Tanzania [Masai] 12 Haplotypes 12 Haplotypes 12 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Enugu, Nigeria [Ibo] 7 Haplotypes 7 Haplotypes 7 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ituri, Democratic Republic of the Congo [Mbuti Pygmy] 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Zaria, Nigeria [Hausa] 16 Haplotypes 16 Haplotypes 16 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ghana [Ewe] 52 Haplotypes 52 Haplotypes 52 Haplotypes 52 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Maputo, Mozambique [Bantu] 78 Haplotypes 78 Haplotypes 78 Haplotypes 78 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ketou, Benin [Yoruba] 54 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Parakou, Benin [Bariba] 51 Haplotypes 51 Haplotypes 51 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Tanzania [Tanzanian] 101 Haplotypes 101 Haplotypes 101 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Eritrea [Cunama, Nara] 34 Haplotypes 34 Haplotypes 34 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 34 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ethiopia [Wolayta] 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kenya [Bantu_Luhya, Other] 62 Haplotypes 62 Haplotypes 62 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 62 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kenya [Nilo-Saharans_Maasai, Other] 54 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Rwanda [Rwandan] 124 Haplotypes 124 Haplotypes 124 Haplotypes 124 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ghana [Ghanaian] 96 Haplotypes 96 Haplotypes 96 Haplotypes 96 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Eastern Botswana, Botswana [Bantu] 3 Haplotypes 3 Haplotypes 3 Haplotypes 3 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Eastern Botswana, Botswana [East Kalahari Khoe] 6 Haplotypes 6 Haplotypes 6 Haplotypes 6 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Northern Botswana, Botswana [Khwe] 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Southern Botswana, Botswana [ǂHoan] 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Southern Botswana, Botswana [Bantu] 15 Haplotypes 15 Haplotypes 15 Haplotypes 15 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Southern Botswana, Botswana [San-Central Kalahari] 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Southern Botswana, Botswana [San-Southern Kalahari] 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Northern Namibia, Namibia [Bantu] 4 Haplotypes 4 Haplotypes 4 Haplotypes 4 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Northern Namibia, Namibia [Khwe] 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Northern Namibia, Namibia [San] 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Southern Namibia, Namibia [Khoe] 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Nigeria [Hausa] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Nigeria [Igbo] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Nigeria [Yoruba] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
(Overall) 3582 Haplotypes 2585 Haplotypes 2347 Haplotypes 907 Haplotypes 161 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R59
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
29
EM converged
true
EM iterations
49
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 13 13 17 24 10 11 13
2 14 13 16 23 10 11 13
3 14 12 16 25 10 11 13
4 13 13 18 21 10 15 13
5 15 13 17 21 10 11 14
6 15 13 18 21 10 11 13
7 15 13 19 21 10 11 13
8 15 13 17 21 10 11 15
9 15 12 17 22 10 11 13
10 15 13 17 21 10 11 13
11 15 13 17 21 11 11 13
12 15 13 18 21 10 11 14
13 15 14 16 24 10 13 13
14 15 14 18 21 10 11 13
15 16 13 17 21 10 11 14
16 16 13 18 21 10 11 13
17 16 13 17 21 10 11 15
18 17 13 17 21 10 11 14
19 15 13 18 24 10 11 13
20 15 14 17 21 10 11 13
21 15 14 18 24 10 11 13
22 15 14 17 21 10 11 14
23 17 13 17 21 10 11 15
24 15 13 18 21 11 11 13
25 14 13 16 24 11 13 13
26 16 14 17 21 10 11 15
27 17 14 17 21 10 11 14
28 13 10 17 24 11 11 14
29 13 14 17 24 11 11 14

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Yfiler)

Release
R59
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
18
EM converged
true
EM iterations
65
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 14 12 16 25 10 11 13 14 11 11 19 15 18 24 11
2 15 13 18 21 10 11 13 14 11 12 21 15 17 21 12
3 17 14 17 21 10 11 15 14 11 12 21 15 16 21 11
4 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 17 23 12
5 16 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 21 16 16 21 11
6 15 13 18 21 11 11 13 14 11 11 21 15 16 21 12
7 15 14 18 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 23 13 18 17 13
8 16 13 17 21 10 11 15 14 11 12 21 16 16 21 11
9 14 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 15 17 21 11
10 15 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 21 15 17 21 11
11 13 10 17 24 11 11 14 14 10 11 20 17 16 21 11
12 14 13 18 25 11 11 13 14 10 13 20 15 15 21 12
13 15 12 17 22 10 11 13 16 10 12 20 15 15 21 11
14 15 13 18 24 10 11 13 15 10 12 21 13 17 17 11
15 15 13 17 21 9 11 15 16 10 11 21 17 18 20 12
16 16 13 17 21 9 11 13 16 10 11 21 15 18 19 12
17 11 13 17 24 10 12 13 14 11 12 21 16 14 21 12
18 13 14 17 24 11 11 14 14 10 11 20 15 17 21 11

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here