Information on the African - Sub-Saharan Metapopulation

The Sub-Saharan Metapopulation (African - Sub-Saharan) consists of 3940 haplotypes (at least minimal) and 64 unique population samples.

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
66 15 14 32 24 10 11 13 11,11
55 15 13 31 21 10 11 13 16,17
41 14 12 28 26 10 11 13 15,20
33 17 13 30 21 10 11 14 17,17
28 15 13 30 21 10 11 13 16,17
28 16 13 30 21 10 11 15 17,18
27 17 13 30 21 10 11 14 17,18
22 15 13 30 21 10 11 14 16,17
22 15 13 31 21 11 11 13 16,17
22 15 13 31 24 10 11 13 11,11
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
29 10 14 12 32 10 14 15 11 13 24 11,11
22 10 12 11 28 11 14 14 11 13 26 15,20
19 10 13 11 31 11 14 15 11 13 21 16,17
18 10 14 12 33 10 14 15 11 14 24 11,11
16 9 13 11 30 10 16 16 11 13 21 12,12
14 10 13 12 30 11 14 17 11 14 21 17,18
14 11 13 11 31 11 14 15 11 13 21 16,17
13 10 13 12 30 11 14 16 11 15 21 16,17
12 11 10 11 27 10 14 13 11 14 24 16,16
11 10 14 12 32 10 14 15 12 13 24 11,12
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
13 13 14 24 33 18 15 11,11 14 10 12 17 11 14 14 10 23
12 15 12 26 28 18 14 15,20 13 10 11 24 11 11 14 11 19
10 15 13 25 31 15 14 19,20 13 11 13 21 11 12 14 10 20
9 16 13 21 30 15 16 16,17 15 10 12 22 11 11 14 11 20
8 15 13 21 30 17 16 12,12 13 9 11 19 11 12 16 10 21
8 15 13 21 30 18 16 12,12 13 9 11 19 11 12 16 10 21
7 13 14 24 32 16 15 11,11 13 10 12 17 11 13 14 10 23
7 13 14 24 32 18 15 11,11 13 10 12 17 11 13 14 10 23
7 13 14 24 32 18 15 11,12 13 10 12 17 12 12 14 10 23
6 15 14 24 31 17 14 16,16 14 11 11 22 11 11 14 10 20
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
10 17 14 23 33 15 10 25 11 11 10 14 17 17 24 12 11 13 14 18 11,11 13 14
8 17 13 20 31 14 11 22 13 12 10 14 17 21 25 13 11 12 13 15 19,20 15 12
7 15 12 19 28 14 10 25 13 12 11 14 18 24 26 11 11 11 13 18 15,20 15 11
6 19 14 23 32 15 10 24 11 11 10 14 17 17 24 12 12 12 13 18 11,12 13 12
5 16 13 21 30 16 9 26 11 11 10 16 17 19 21 11 11 9 13 17 12,12 15 12
5 18 10 19 27 13 11 25 12 12 10 14 19 21 24 11 11 14 13 16 16,16 18 11
4 16 13 21 30 16 9 25 11 11 10 16 17 19 21 11 11 9 13 18 12,12 15 12
4 17 14 20 31 14 11 26 11 12 10 14 19 22 24 11 11 12 14 17 16,16 15 11
4 17 14 21 31 16 10 27 11 11 11 14 18 21 21 12 11 13 15 16 16,20 15 11
4 18 13 20 30 15 10 23 11 11 11 14 18 22 21 11 11 11 14 19 15,17 15 12
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
3 15 13 22 30 19 11 15 16 11 20 10 16 21 11 11 39 18 14 16,17 31 15 12 26 38,38 12
3 16 13 19 30 20 10 18 16 12 21 9 15 21 10 11 40 17 16 12,12 35 13 11 25 36,37 11
2 14 12 23 28 22 11 17 14 11 19 10 15 25 11 11 43 20 14 14,20 26 13 11 25 38,38 12
2 15 12 24 28 22.2 10 18 14 11 20 11 15 25 11 11 40 21 14 14,19 29 13 11 25 38,38 14
2 15 13 21 31 19 11 17 16 12 20 10 15 21 12 11 38 19 14 18,19 28 13 12 28 36,39 11
2 15 13 21 32 21 10 17 15 12 21 10 13 21 12 11 38 19 14 16,18 29 14 11 29 37,39 11
2 16 12 22 29 21 10 16 14 11 21 11 15 21 11 11 39 19 14 17,18 27 14 12 28 36,38 11
2 16 12 23 27 22 10 18 14 10 21 8 16 21 10 11 36 17 14 11,16 35 13 12 23 36,40.2 11
2 16 13 19 30 20 10 17 16 12 21 9 15 21 10 11 40 17 16 12,12 35 13 11 26 36,37 11
2 16 13 21 30 19 12 16 15 11 21 10 16 21 11 11 43 17 14 17,18 30 15 13 26 37,38 11

 There are no Maximal haplotypes or all haplotypes are singletons.

Population samples

Population Sample Minimal PowerPlex Y Yfiler PowerPlex Y23 Yfiler Plus Maximal
Cabinda, Angola [African] 75 Haplotypes 75 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cameroon [African] 54 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cape Town, South Africa [Xhosa] 213 Haplotypes 114 Haplotypes 114 Haplotypes 114 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Equatorial Guinea [African] 99 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Guinea-Bissau [African] 247 Haplotypes 86 Haplotypes 86 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Johannesburg, South Africa [Eastern Bantu] 393 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Mozambique [Mozambican] 112 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Western Africa [African] 79 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ovamboland, Namibia [Ovambo] 54 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Karamoja, Uganda [Nilo-Saharan] 118 Haplotypes 118 Haplotypes 118 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Benin [Beninese] 39 Haplotypes 39 Haplotypes 39 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Benin [Fon] 39 Haplotypes 39 Haplotypes 39 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
French Guiana [Noir Marron] 42 Haplotypes 42 Haplotypes 42 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cote d'Ivoire [Ahizi] 49 Haplotypes 49 Haplotypes 49 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cote d'Ivoire [Yacouba] 41 Haplotypes 41 Haplotypes 41 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Angola [Bakongo] 57 Haplotypes 57 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Angola [Kimbundo] 53 Haplotypes 53 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Angola [Ovimbundo] 53 Haplotypes 53 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Webuye, Kenya [Luhya] 44 Haplotypes 44 Haplotypes 44 Haplotypes 44 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kinyawa, Kenya [Maasai] 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ibadan, Nigeria [Yoruba] 116 Haplotypes 116 Haplotypes 116 Haplotypes 81 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Zimbabwe [Zimbabwean] 55 Haplotypes 55 Haplotypes 55 Haplotypes 55 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
North Benin, Benin [Beninese] 51 Haplotypes 51 Haplotypes 51 Haplotypes 51 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cape Verde [African] 117 Haplotypes 117 Haplotypes 117 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Angola [African] 71 Haplotypes 71 Haplotypes 71 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Botswana [Birwa, Herero, Kalanga, Kgalagadi, Mbukushu, Ndebele, Pedi, Sarwa, Sobea, Tswapong, Xhosa, Yei] 61 Haplotypes 61 Haplotypes 61 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Botswana [Tswana] 191 Haplotypes 191 Haplotypes 191 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Bagandu, Central African Republic [Biaka Pygmy] 33 Haplotypes 33 Haplotypes 33 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania [Chagga] 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Dodoma, Tanzania [Sandawe] 25 Haplotypes 25 Haplotypes 25 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ekenywa, Tanzania [Masai] 12 Haplotypes 12 Haplotypes 12 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Enugu, Nigeria [Ibo] 7 Haplotypes 7 Haplotypes 7 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ituri, Democratic Republic of the Congo [Mbuti Pygmy] 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Zaria, Nigeria [Hausa] 16 Haplotypes 16 Haplotypes 16 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ghana [Ewe] 52 Haplotypes 52 Haplotypes 52 Haplotypes 52 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Maputo, Mozambique [Bantu] 78 Haplotypes 78 Haplotypes 78 Haplotypes 78 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ketou, Benin [Yoruba] 54 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Parakou, Benin [Bariba] 51 Haplotypes 51 Haplotypes 51 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Tanzania [Tanzanian] 101 Haplotypes 101 Haplotypes 101 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Eritrea [Cunama, Nara] 34 Haplotypes 34 Haplotypes 34 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 34 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ethiopia [Wolayta] 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kenya [Bantu_Luhya, Other] 62 Haplotypes 62 Haplotypes 62 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 62 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kenya [Nilo-Saharans_Maasai, Other] 54 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 54 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Rwanda [Rwandan] 124 Haplotypes 124 Haplotypes 124 Haplotypes 124 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ghana [Ghanaian] 96 Haplotypes 96 Haplotypes 96 Haplotypes 96 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Eastern Botswana, Botswana [Bantu] 3 Haplotypes 3 Haplotypes 3 Haplotypes 3 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Eastern Botswana, Botswana [East Kalahari Khoe] 6 Haplotypes 6 Haplotypes 6 Haplotypes 6 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Northern Botswana, Botswana [Khwe] 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Southern Botswana, Botswana [ǂHoan] 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Southern Botswana, Botswana [Bantu] 15 Haplotypes 15 Haplotypes 15 Haplotypes 15 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Southern Botswana, Botswana [San-Central Kalahari] 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Southern Botswana, Botswana [San-Southern Kalahari] 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Northern Namibia, Namibia [Bantu] 4 Haplotypes 4 Haplotypes 4 Haplotypes 4 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Northern Namibia, Namibia [Khwe] 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Northern Namibia, Namibia [San] 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Southern Namibia, Namibia [Khoe] 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Nigeria [Hausa] 87 Haplotypes 87 Haplotypes 87 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 87 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Nigeria [Igbo] 136 Haplotypes 136 Haplotypes 136 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 136 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Nigeria [Yoruba] 135 Haplotypes 135 Haplotypes 135 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 135 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Accra, Ghana [Ghanaian] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Akwapim Mampong, Ghana [Ghanaian] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kumasi, Ghana [Ghanaian] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Bawku, Ghana [Ghanaian] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Volta, Ghana [Ewe] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
(Overall) 3940 Haplotypes 2943 Haplotypes 2705 Haplotypes 907 Haplotypes 519 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R60
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
29
EM converged
true
EM iterations
56
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 13 13 17 24 10 11 13
2 14 13 16 23 10 11 13
3 14 12 16 25 10 11 13
4 13 13 18 21 10 15 13
5 15 13 17 21 10 11 14
6 15 13 18 21 10 11 13
7 15 13 19 21 10 11 13
8 15 13 17 21 10 11 15
9 15 12 17 22 10 11 13
10 15 13 17 21 10 11 13
11 15 13 17 21 11 11 13
12 15 13 18 21 10 11 14
13 15 13 18 21 11 11 13
14 15 14 16 24 10 13 13
15 15 14 18 21 10 11 13
16 16 13 17 21 10 11 14
17 16 13 18 21 10 11 13
18 16 13 17 21 10 11 15
19 17 13 17 21 10 11 14
20 15 13 18 24 10 11 13
21 15 14 17 21 10 11 13
22 15 14 18 24 10 11 13
23 15 14 17 21 10 11 14
24 17 13 17 21 10 11 15
25 14 13 16 24 11 13 13
26 16 14 17 21 10 11 15
27 17 14 17 21 10 11 14
28 13 10 17 24 11 11 14
29 13 14 17 24 11 11 14

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Yfiler)

Release
R60
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
18
EM converged
true
EM iterations
110
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 14 12 16 25 10 11 13 14 11 11 19 15 18 24 11
2 15 13 18 21 10 11 13 14 11 12 21 15 17 21 12
3 17 14 17 21 10 11 15 14 11 12 21 15 16 21 11
4 15 14 16 24 11 13 13 14 12 12 19 15 17 23 12
5 15 13 18 21 11 11 13 14 11 11 21 15 16 21 12
6 15 14 18 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 23 13 18 17 12
7 16 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 21 16 16 21 11
8 16 13 17 21 10 11 15 14 11 12 21 16 16 21 11
9 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 17 23 12
10 14 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 15 17 21 11
11 13 10 17 24 11 11 14 14 10 11 20 17 16 21 11
12 15 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 21 15 17 21 11
13 15 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 21 15 17 23 11
14 15 12 17 22 10 11 13 16 10 12 20 15 15 19 11
15 16 13 17 21 9 11 13 16 10 11 21 15 18 19 12
16 15 13 17 21 9 11 15 16 10 11 21 17 18 20 12
17 11 13 17 24 10 12 13 14 11 12 21 16 14 21 12
18 13 14 17 24 11 11 14 14 10 11 20 15 17 21 11

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here