Information on the East Asian - Sino-Tibetan - Tibeto-Burman Metapopulation

The Tibeto-Burman Metapopulation (East Asian - Sino-Tibetan - Tibeto-Burman) consists of 9133 haplotypes (at least minimal) and 47 unique population samples.

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
198 15 14 30 25 10 7 13 11,11
129 14 12 28 23 10 14 12 13,19
108 14 12 28 23 10 14 12 13,18
98 15 13 29 25 10 7 13 11,11
88 15 14 30 25 10 7 13 11,14
78 15 14 30 26 10 7 13 11,11
70 15 13 29 23 10 11 15 11,18
67 15 12 28 23 10 14 12 13,17
56 14 12 28 23 10 14 12 13,20
55 15 12 28 23 10 14 12 13,18
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
145 10 14 12 30 11 14 15 7 13 25 11,11
75 10 14 11 30 11 14 15 7 13 25 11,14
73 10 13 12 29 11 14 15 7 13 25 11,11
66 10 13 11 29 10 14 15 11 15 23 11,18
64 10 14 12 30 11 14 15 7 13 26 11,11
37 10 12 11 29 10 14 15 10 12 27 17,17
37 10 13 10 30 10 14 15 11 12 24 14,18
36 10 13 12 30 11 14 15 7 13 24 11,14
35 10 12 12 28 11 15 14 14 12 23 13,19
33 10 13 11 30 10 14 15 11 15 23 11,11
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
38 16 14 26 30 16 15 11,11 13 10 12 21 7 10 14 11 19
28 15 13 23 29 17 15 11,18 15 10 11 21 11 12 14 10 21
28 16 14 25 30 16 15 11,11 13 10 12 21 7 11 14 11 19
28 16 14 25 30 17 15 11,14 13 10 11 21 7 11 14 11 19
23 16 13 25 29 16 15 11,11 13 10 12 21 7 11 14 11 19
22 15 13 24 30 16 15 11,14 13 10 12 21 7 11 14 11 19
18 15 14 25 30 16 15 11,11 13 10 12 21 7 11 14 11 19
17 16 14 25 30 16 16 11,11 13 10 12 21 7 11 14 11 19
15 15 14 25 30 16 15 11,11 13 10 11 21 7 11 14 11 19
15 16 14 25 30 16 15 11,11 13 10 12 22 7 11 14 11 19
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
6 17 13 19 30 15 10 27 12 12 11 14 19 21 24 12 7 11 13 16 11,14 15 11
5 18 13 17 30 15 10 27 13 11 10 14 18 21 24 10 11 10 12 17 14,18 15 11
5 19 14 19 30 15 10 25 13 12 11 14 19 21 24 12 7 11 12 16 11,11 15 11
4 16 12 19 28 15 10 30 13 11 10 14 21 20 24 11 10 9 12 21 16,17 14 11
4 17 12 20 28 14 10 23 12 12 11 15 19 20 23 12 14 12 12 18 14,19 15 12
4 18 13 20 29 16 10 23 12 12 11 14 19 23 25 10 12 10 13 16 11,14 15 11
4 19 13 17 30 16 10 28 12 11 10 14 17 21 23 10 11 10 12 18 14,18 15 11
3 16 13 19 30 15 10 29 11 12 10 14 20 20 24 11 10 9 12 21 16,16 14 11
3 16 13 19 30 15 11 29 11 12 10 14 20 20 24 11 10 9 12 21 16,16 14 11
3 17 12 19 28 15 9 28 11 11 10 14 21 20 25 11 10 9 12 18 16,17 14 12
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
3 16 13 20 30 18 11 21 15 11 19 10 14 24 10 10 36 20 14 16,16 32 12 11 29 38,38 12
3 16 13 20 30 19 11 21 15 11 19 11 14 24 10 10 36 20 14 16,16 32 12 11 29 38,38 12
3 18 12 22 28 21 10 19 14 12 20 11 15 24 11 13 33 18 15 13,20 35 12 12 24 35,38 11
3 18 13 20 30 20 10 16 15 11 20 10 14 19 11 7 38 20 14 11,11 28 14 12 21 35,37 12
3 18 13 21 29 21 10 19 15 12 17 10 15 24 10 11 41 17 14 14,18 29 12 10 25 36,36 11
3 18 14 20 30 19 10 16 15 11 20 11 16 23 11 8 37.1 18 16 11,11 27 13 11 23 37,38 11
3 18 14 21 30 19 11 16 15 10 19 10 15 26 11 7 37 19 14 11,11 31 13 12 25 37,38 11
3 19 14 21 30 19 11 16 16 11 19 10 15 25 11 7 37 20 14 11,11 31 12 13 25 37,38 12
3 19 14 21 30 20 11 16 15 11 19 10 15 24 11 7 38 19 14 11,11 30 12 12 25 37,38 12
3 20 12 19 29 23 9 18 13 12 20 10 14 23 10 12 38 17 15 12,14 34 13 11 22 35,41 12
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS438 DYS439 DYS437 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS481 DYS533 DYS549 DYS570 DYS576 DYS643 DYF387S1 DYS449 DYS460 DYS518 DYS627
3 15 13 30 24 10 10 12 16,16 10 11 14 19 14 21 20 11 29 12 11 20 16 9 38,38 32 11 36 18
3 15 13 30 24 11 10 12 16,16 10 11 14 19 14 21 20 11 29 12 11 20 16 9 38,38 32 11 36 19
3 15 14 30 24 10 7 12 11,11 11 12 14 19 15 16 21 11 25 12 13 19 19 11 37,38 30 11 38 20
3 16 14 30 25 10 7 12 11,11 11 13 14 19 15 16 21 11 25 12 13 20 19 11 37,38 31 11 37 19
2 13 13 30 24 10 11 12 14,18 10 10 14 17 15 17 21 11 27 11 13 18 19 10 36,36 28 10 41 21
2 14 12 28 23 10 14 12 12.2,20 11 11 15 20 15 17 20 14 23 11 12 21 20 13 35,38 33 9 35 18
2 14 12 28 24 10 14 12 13,18 11 12 14 20 15 18 21 12 23 11 12 18 16 11 34,39 32 9 35 20
2 15 13 29 24 10 7 13 11,14 11 12 14 19 15 16 21 11 27 12 13 19 17 11 37,37 30 11 37 19
2 15 13 29 24 10 7 13 11,15 11 12 14 19 15 16 21 11 29 12 12 19 17 11 37,37 28 11 38 22
2 15 13 29 24 10 11 12 14,18 10 10 14 17 15 19 21 12 25 11 12 17 18 10 36,36 29 10 41 21

Population samples

Population Sample Minimal PowerPlex Y Yfiler PowerPlex Y23 Yfiler Plus Maximal
Bhutan [Bhutanese] 856 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Lhasa, China [Tibetan] 2135 Haplotypes 2016 Haplotypes 2016 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Nepal [Nepalese] 768 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Yunnan, China [Yi] 166 Haplotypes 66 Haplotypes 66 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 66 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Qinghai, China [Tibetan] 693 Haplotypes 691 Haplotypes 687 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 511 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Tripura, India [Riang] 67 Haplotypes 67 Haplotypes 67 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Tripura, India [Tripuri] 65 Haplotypes 65 Haplotypes 65 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
West Bengal, India [Dhimal] 33 Haplotypes 33 Haplotypes 33 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Nepal [Tamang] 45 Haplotypes 45 Haplotypes 45 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Nepal [Newar] 66 Haplotypes 66 Haplotypes 66 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kathmandu, Nepal [Nepalese] 77 Haplotypes 77 Haplotypes 77 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
West Bengal, India [Rabha] 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
French Guiana [Hmong] 33 Haplotypes 33 Haplotypes 33 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Amdo, China [Tibetan] 88 Haplotypes 88 Haplotypes 88 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kham, China [Tibetan] 109 Haplotypes 109 Haplotypes 109 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
U-Tsang, China [Tibetan] 153 Haplotypes 153 Haplotypes 153 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Youyang Chongqing, China [Tujia] 197 Haplotypes 197 Haplotypes 197 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Tangail, Bangladesh [Garo] 120 Haplotypes 120 Haplotypes 120 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Yunnan, China [Bai] 101 Haplotypes 101 Haplotypes 101 Haplotypes 101 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Tibet, China [Tibetan] 348 Haplotypes 348 Haplotypes 348 Haplotypes 248 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ladakh, India [Ladakhi] 292 Haplotypes 292 Haplotypes 292 Haplotypes 69 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Assam,India [Kachari] 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 9 Haplotypes 8 Haplotypes 6 Haplotypes
Hunan, China [Tujia] 90 Haplotypes 90 Haplotypes 90 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kathmandu, Nepal [Bahun] 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kathmandu, Nepal [Chaudary] 17 Haplotypes 17 Haplotypes 17 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kathmandu, Nepal [Gurung] 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kathmandu, Nepal [Magar] 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kathmandu, Nepal [Newar] 23 Haplotypes 23 Haplotypes 23 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kathmandu, Nepal [Rai] 8 Haplotypes 8 Haplotypes 8 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kathmandu, Nepal [Sherpa] 12 Haplotypes 12 Haplotypes 12 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Kathmandu, Nepal [Tamang] 28 Haplotypes 28 Haplotypes 28 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Sylhet, Bangladesh [Manipuri] 29 Haplotypes 29 Haplotypes 29 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Yunnan, China [Hani] 250 Haplotypes 250 Haplotypes 250 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Liangshan_Sichuan, China [Yi] 311 Haplotypes 311 Haplotypes 311 Haplotypes 311 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Netrokona, Bangladesh [Hajong] 89 Haplotypes 89 Haplotypes 89 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh [Rakhine] 110 Haplotypes 110 Haplotypes 110 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Bandarban, Bangladesh [Marma] 107 Haplotypes 107 Haplotypes 107 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Hubei, China [Tujia] 391 Haplotypes 391 Haplotypes 391 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 391 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Khagrachari, Bangladesh [Chakma] 116 Haplotypes 116 Haplotypes 116 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Khagrachari, Bangladesh [Tripura] 99 Haplotypes 99 Haplotypes 99 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Nujiang, China [Lisu] 27 Haplotypes 27 Haplotypes 27 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Guizhou, China [Yi] 217 Haplotypes 217 Haplotypes 217 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 217 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Sichuan, China [Yi] 227 Haplotypes 227 Haplotypes 227 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 227 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Sichuan, China [Tibetan] 502 Haplotypes 502 Haplotypes 500 Haplotypes 500 Haplotypes 500 Haplotypes 500 Haplotypes
Chamdo, China [Kham Tibetan] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Shigatse, China [U-Tsang Tibetan] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Guiyang_Guizhou, China [Yi] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
(Overall) 9133 Haplotypes 7288 Haplotypes 7282 Haplotypes 1238 Haplotypes 1920 Haplotypes 506 Haplotypes

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R60
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
41
EM converged
true
EM iterations
52
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 14 12 16 24 11 13 12
2 16 12 16 25 10 13 12
3 13 14 16 24 9 14 13
4 14 13 16 24 10 11 12
5 13 13 16 23 10 11 14
6 14 12 15 23 10 14 12
7 14 12 16 23 10 14 12
8 14 12 16 24 10 14 12
9 15 12 16 23 10 12 13
10 14 12 17 23 10 14 12
11 14 12 15 24 10 14 12
12 15 13 16 23 10 14 12
13 14 13 16 24 10 11 13
14 14 14 16 23 11 14 13
15 14 14 16 23 10 14 13
16 14 14 16 23 10 10 14
17 15 14 16 23 10 11 12
18 16 14 16 25 10 11 13
19 15 12 16 23 10 14 12
20 15 12 16 24 10 10 12
21 15 12 16 23 10 12 12
22 15 12 17 25 10 10 13
23 15 12 17 23 10 14 13
24 15 12 17 24 10 13 12
25 15 12 17 27 10 10 12
26 15 13 16 24 10 13 14
27 15 13 16 23 10 11 15
28 15 13 16 25 11 13 13
29 15 13 17 24 10 11 12
30 16 13 18 25 11 11 13
31 15 14 18 25 10 11 13
32 16 14 17 24 11 7 11
33 15 14 16 23 10 7 13
34 15 14 16 25 10 7 13
35 15 13 17 24 10 7 13
36 15 13 17 23 10 11 15
37 16 14 16 25 10 7 13
38 15 13 16 23 10 11 14
39 15 13 16 25 10 7 13
40 15 14 16 26 10 7 13
41 15 14 16 19 10 7 12

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Yfiler)

Release
R60
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
32
EM converged
true
EM iterations
43
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 16 12 16 25 10 13 12 14 10 12 19 14 17 21 12
2 15 12 17 23 10 14 13 14 10 11 18 17 15 19 12
3 15 12 16 24 10 10 12 14 10 11 19 14 20 20 11
4 15 13 17 24 10 7 13 14 11 12 19 15 16 21 11
5 15 13 17 24 10 11 12 14 10 10 17 15 18 21 11
6 15 14 16 23 10 7 13 14 11 12 18 16 17 21 11
7 14 13 16 23 10 10 14 16 11 11 19 15 18 25 12
8 15 13 17 23 10 11 15 14 10 11 21 15 15 21 11
9 14 12 16 24 10 14 12 15 11 12 20 15 18 21 12
10 14 12 16 23 10 14 12 15 11 12 20 15 17 20 12
11 15 12 17 23 10 12 12 15 10 12 19 15 18 19 12
12 15 12 16 23 10 12 13 15 10 12 19 15 17 19 12
13 15 12 16 23 10 14 12 15 11 13 20 15 18 21 12
14 15 12 16 24 10 13 12 15 10 12 20 15 17 21 11
15 14 12 16 23 10 14 12 15 11 11 20 15 19 20 12
16 15 12 17 27 10 10 12 14 10 11 19 15 21 20 11
17 15 13 16 23 10 11 15 14 10 11 21 15 17 21 11
18 13 13 16 23 10 11 14 14 10 12 20 16 18 23 11
19 15 14 16 23 10 11 13 14 10 11 19 15 17 21 11
20 14 13 16 23 10 14 13 14 10 12 18 15 16 21 12
21 16 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 16 23 12
22 14 13 16 24 10 11 12 14 10 10 17 15 17 21 11
23 15 14 16 25 10 7 13 14 11 12 19 15 16 21 11
24 14 14 17 23 11 14 13 14 11 11 19 15 16 22 12
25 15 14 16 25 10 7 13 14 11 11 19 16 17 22 11
26 15 13 17 24 10 13 14 14 10 12 18 15 17 21 11
27 13 13 16 24 10 14 13 13 11 13 19 15 16 22 11
28 15 14 16 26 10 7 13 14 11 12 19 16 16 21 10
29 15 14 16 25 10 7 13 14 11 12 19 16 16 21 11
30 13 14 16 24 9 14 14 14 12 11 19 16 16 22 10
31 15 13 16 25 11 13 14 14 10 12 18 15 17 22 11
32 14 14 16 24 10 14 13 14 11 11 19 16 15 23 12

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here