Information on the Native American Metapopulation

The Native American Metapopulation (Native American) consists of 7273 minimal haplotypes.

Population Sample Minimal PowerPlex Y Yfiler PowerPlex Y23 Yfiler Plus Maximal
Misiones, Argentina [Guarani] 77 Haplotypes 21 Haplotypes 2 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Neuquén, Argentina [Mapuche] 16 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Formosa, Argentina [Pilaga] 53 Haplotypes 48 Haplotypes 48 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Santa Cruz, Argentina [Tehuelche] 12 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Formosa, Argentina [Toba] 33 Haplotypes 30 Haplotypes 30 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Formosa, Argentina [Wichi] 37 Haplotypes 34 Haplotypes 33 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
La Paz, Bolivia [Lecos] 22 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
La Paz, Bolivia [Mosetenes] 16 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Beni, Bolivia [Moxenos] 33 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Brazil [Yanomami] 12 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Pastaza, Ecuador [Waorani] 35 Haplotypes 35 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ecuador [Quichua] 102 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Beni, Bolivia [Trinitario,Chimane,Yuracare,Ignaciano,Aymara,Movima,Borjano] 63 Haplotypes 63 Haplotypes 63 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Venezuela [Bari Boxi] 16 Haplotypes 16 Haplotypes 16 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Venezuela [Wayuu] 53 Haplotypes 19 Haplotypes 19 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Venezuela [Yukpa] 12 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Maranhão, Brazil [Awa-Guajá] 69 Haplotypes 46 Haplotypes 46 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Pará, Brazil [Parakanã] 38 Haplotypes 38 Haplotypes 38 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Amapá, Brazil [Tiriyó] 35 Haplotypes 35 Haplotypes 35 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Maranhão, Brazil [Urubu-Kaapor] 56 Haplotypes 27 Haplotypes 27 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Amapá, Brazil [Waiãpi] 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Pará, Brazil [Zoé] 25 Haplotypes 25 Haplotypes 25 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cononaco/Curaray, Ecuador [Waorani, Shuar] 41 Haplotypes 41 Haplotypes 41 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Salta, Argentina [Kolla] 16 Haplotypes 16 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Jujuy, Argentina [Kolla] 18 Haplotypes 18 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Catamarca / La Rioja, Argentina [Diaguita] 23 Haplotypes 23 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Chubut, Argentina [Mapuche] 84 Haplotypes 74 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil [Terena] 50 Haplotypes 50 Haplotypes 50 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Panama [Emberá] 17 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Panama [Kuna] 18 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Panama [Ngöbé] 29 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Panama [Wounan] 16 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
South Dakota, United States [Chippewa/Sioux] 244 Haplotypes 175 Haplotypes 175 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 175 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Minnesota, United States [Chippewa] 9 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Oklahoma, United States [Cherokee/Shawnee/Seminole/Creek/Choctaw/Chickasaw/Fox/Kickapoo/Cheyenne] 97 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Wisconsin, United States [Chippewa] 30 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Antioquia, Colombia [Emberá-Chamí] 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Alta Verapaz/Baja Verapaz/Petén/Izabal, Guatemala [Maya, Qeqchi] 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Chimaltenango, Guatemala [Maya, Caqchikel] 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Northeast Guatemala, Guatemala [Maya, Mam] 27 Haplotypes 27 Haplotypes 27 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Santa Cruz del Quiché, Guatemala [Maya, K´iche´] 37 Haplotypes 37 Haplotypes 37 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Central Alaska, United States [Athabaskan] 152 Haplotypes 152 Haplotypes 152 Haplotypes 152 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Sao Gabriel da Cachoeira, Brazil [Native American] 62 Haplotypes 62 Haplotypes 62 Haplotypes 62 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Chaco, Argentina [Toba] 57 Haplotypes 57 Haplotypes 57 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Tucumán, Argentina [Kolla] 14 Haplotypes 14 Haplotypes 14 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Chubut, Argentina [Tehuelche] 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Formosa, Argentina [Pilaga-La Bomba] 12 Haplotypes 12 Haplotypes 12 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Rio Negro, Argentina [Mapuche] 39 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Salta, Argentina [Wichi] 8 Haplotypes 8 Haplotypes 8 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Pará, Brazil [Arara] 20 Haplotypes 20 Haplotypes 20 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Pará, Brazil [Asurini] 15 Haplotypes 15 Haplotypes 15 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Pará, Brazil [Gaviao] 18 Haplotypes 18 Haplotypes 18 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Pará, Brazil [Ipixuna] 21 Haplotypes 21 Haplotypes 21 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Rondonia, Brazil [Karitiana] 34 Haplotypes 34 Haplotypes 34 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Pará, Brazil [Kayapó] 16 Haplotypes 14 Haplotypes 14 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Pará, Brazil [Mapuera] 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Roraima, Brazil [Yanomami] 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cauca/Nariño/Chocó, Colombia [Guambiano,Coconuco,Nasa,Yanacona,Pastos,Embera] 31 Haplotypes 31 Haplotypes 31 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Pastaza, Ecuador [Kichwa] 42 Haplotypes 42 Haplotypes 42 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Cuzco, Peru [Chumbivilca] 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 10 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Arequipa, Peru [Chuquibamba] 16 Haplotypes 16 Haplotypes 16 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Junín, Peru [Huanca] 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 13 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Loreto, Peru [Iquito] 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 5 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Puno, Peru [Aymara] 3 Haplotypes 3 Haplotypes 3 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Ucayali, Peru [Shipibo-Conibo] 21 Haplotypes 21 Haplotypes 21 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Bolivia [Native American] 56 Haplotypes 56 Haplotypes 56 Haplotypes 56 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Amazonas, Brazil [Ticuna] 23 Haplotypes 23 Haplotypes 23 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Campeche, Mexico [Maya] 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Lima, Peru [Quechua] 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 11 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Phoenix, United States [Pima] 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Rondonia, Brazil [Surui] 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Guatemala [Maya] 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Minnesota, United States [Native American] 63 Haplotypes 63 Haplotypes 63 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 63 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Amazonas, Peru [Chachapoya] 113 Haplotypes 113 Haplotypes 113 Haplotypes 113 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Amazonas, Peru [Jivaro] 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 24 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Amazonas, Peru [Huanca] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Amazonas, Peru [Cajamarca] 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Oxapampa, Peru [Ashaninka] 58 Haplotypes 58 Haplotypes 58 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 58 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Central Guatemala, Guatemala [Maya Qeqchi] 131 Haplotypes 131 Haplotypes 130 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Northern Guatemala, Guatemala [Maya Itza] 80 Haplotypes 80 Haplotypes 80 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Yucatán, Mexico [Maya] 72 Haplotypes 72 Haplotypes 72 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Southern Guatemala, Guatemala [Maya Cakchikel] 40 Haplotypes 40 Haplotypes 40 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Southern Guatemala, Guatemala [Maya Quiche] 20 Haplotypes 20 Haplotypes 20 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Salta, Argentina [Chiriguano] 14 Haplotypes 14 Haplotypes 14 Haplotypes 14 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Amazonas, Ecuador [Kichwa] 47 Haplotypes 47 Haplotypes 47 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 47 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Valle de Chota, Ecuador [Afroecuadorian] 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Esmeraldas, Ecuador [Afroecuadorian] 142 Haplotypes 142 Haplotypes 142 Haplotypes 142 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Otavalo, Ecuador [Kichwa] 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Tungurahua, Ecuador [Salasaka Kichwa] 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 100 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Santo Domingo, Ecuador [Tsáchila] 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 22 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
California, United States [Native American] 106 Haplotypes 106 Haplotypes 106 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Illinois, United States [Native American] 1 Haplotypes 1 Haplotypes 1 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 1 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Virginia, United States [Native American] 2330 Haplotypes 2330 Haplotypes 2330 Haplotypes 1 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Florida, United States [Native American] 152 Haplotypes 152 Haplotypes 4 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Oregon, United States [Native American] 2 Haplotypes 2 Haplotypes 2 Haplotypes 2 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Wisconsin, United States [Native American] 803 Haplotypes 803 Haplotypes 437 Haplotypes 437 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Louisiana, United States [Native American] 22 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
Arizona, United States [Native American] 274 Haplotypes 274 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes
(Overall) 7273 Haplotypes 6558 Haplotypes 5583 Haplotypes 1103 Haplotypes 488 Haplotypes 0 Haplotypes

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R59
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
26
EM converged
true
EM iterations
60
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 13 13 16 24 10 14 13
2 13 13 17 23 10 14 13
3 13 13 18 23 10 14 13
4 14 13 17 23 10 14 13
5 13 14 17 24 10 14 14
6 13 13 18 25 10 14 13
7 14 13 17 24 10 14 13
8 13 13 18 24 10 14 13
9 13 12 17 23 10 15 13
10 13 13 17 24 10 16 13
11 13 13 17 24 10 14 13
12 13 13 16 23 10 14 13
13 14 12 16 22 10 11 13
14 16 13 17 21 10 11 14
15 14 13 16 24 11 13 13
16 13 13 17 24 10 11 13
17 13 13 17 24 11 16 13
18 14 13 16 24 10 13 13
19 14 13 16 23 10 11 12
20 14 13 16 25 11 13 13
21 16 13 17 24 10 11 13
22 14 13 16 23 11 13 13
23 14 12 16 25 10 14 14
24 16 13 15 23 10 11 13
25 15 13 18 21 10 11 13
26 15 13 16 23 9 11 12

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Yfiler)

Release
R59
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
27
EM converged
true
EM iterations
30
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 13 13 17 24 10 14 13 14 11 12 19 16 16 22 11
2 13 13 18 23 11 14 13 14 11 11 19 15 17 22 13
3 13 13 17 24 10 14 13 14 11 12 20 15 17 22 12
4 13 14 17 23 10 14 13 14 11 12 20 15 16 22 12
5 14 13 17 23 10 14 13 14 11 11 19 15 15 22 12
6 13 13 18 24 10 14 13 14 11 12 20 16 17 22 11
7 13 13 18 24 10 14 13 15 11 12 20 16 17 23 12
8 13 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 16 16 22 12
9 13 14 17 26 10 14 14 14 11 12 20 16 15 22 11
10 13 13 16 23 10 14 13 14 12 12 19 17 15 22 12
11 13 13 16 24 10 14 13 14 11 11 20 15 16 22 12
12 13 12 17 23 10 15 13 14 11 12 20 15 17 23 12
13 13 13 17 24 10 15 14 14 11 11 19 17 16 22 12
14 15 13 16 23 9 11 12 14 10 11 21 15 18 22 11
15 16 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 21 15 18 22 11
16 14 12 16 22 10 11 13 16 10 11 20 14 15 22 11
17 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 17 23 12
18 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 15 17 23 12
19 16 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 21 15 16 21 11
20 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 14 12 12 18 16 17 23 11
21 15 13 17 21 10 11 13 14 11 12 21 15 17 21 12
22 14 14 16 24 10 15 13 14 11 13 19 14 17 22 12
23 15 13 16 23 10 12 14 14 10 11 20 15 16 21 11
24 14 12 16 25 10 14 14 14 11 12 20 15 15 22 12
25 13 13 16 23 11 16 13 14 11 12 19 15 16 25 10
26 16 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 15 23 12
27 13 14 18 23 10 15 13 15 12 10 20 15 15 22 13

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here