Information on the Eurasian - Altaic Metapopulation

The Altaic Metapopulation (Eurasian - Altaic) consists of 16,812 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 52 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (33 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
811 16 13 29 25 10 11 13 12,13
197 14 14 30 23 10 14 14 11,13
155 13 14 29 23 10 12 13 13,17
153 15 12 29 23 10 13 12 13,18
145 14 14 32 23 11 16 14 11,13
143 15 13 28 23 10 11 14 11,18
123 14 13 29 23 10 14 13 12,13
98 16 14 31 25 10 11 13 12,12
96 14 13 29 24 10 11 12 13,16
92 14 14 30 19 11 13 13 13,13
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
703 10 13 10 29 10 14 16 11 13 25 12,13
152 10 14 10 30 10 14 14 14 14 23 11,13
120 10 14 13 29 10 16 13 12 13 23 13,17
119 10 12 12 29 10 15 15 13 12 23 13,18
87 10 14 11 31 10 14 16 11 13 25 12,12
75 10 13 11 28 10 14 15 11 14 23 11,11
72 10 13 10 29 10 14 14 14 13 23 12,13
71 9 14 11 31 10 14 16 11 13 24 12,12
64 10 13 10 30 10 14 16 11 13 25 12,13
64 10 13 11 29 10 15 14 11 12 24 13,16
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
256 15 13 25 29 18 16 12,13 13 10 10 21 11 11 14 10 23
144 15 13 25 29 18 16 12,13 13 10 10 21 11 11 14 10 22
101 15 12 23 29 17 15 13,18 12 10 12 19 13 12 15 10 19
95 16 14 23 29 15 13 13,17 13 10 13 20 12 11 16 10 22
87 15 13 25 29 17 16 12,13 13 10 10 21 11 11 14 10 22
50 15 14 25 31 17 16 12,12 13 10 11 23 11 10 14 10 20
46 14 14 23 32 16 14 11,13 14 11 10 22 16 12 14 11 19
46 15 13 23 28 18 15 11,11 14 10 11 22 11 11 14 10 21
32 15 13 25 29 16 16 12,13 13 10 10 21 11 11 14 10 22
31 14 14 23 30 18 14 11,13 14 10 10 22 14 12 14 10 19
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
24 17 13 22 29 16 10 25 12 12 10 14 16 21 25 10 11 10 13 18 12,13 15 11
18 19 13 21 28 15 10 24 12 13 10 14 16 22 23 11 11 9 14 18 11,11 15 11
11 15 12 20 28 16 10 25 12 11 10 13 19 22 24 11 13 10 12 18 13,13 14 12
10 16 14 19 30 14 10 21 11 11 10 14 19 22 23 10 14 11 14 18 11,13 14 11
7 17 13 22 29 16 10 25 12 12 10 14 16 21 25 10 11 10 13 19 12,13 15 11
7 19 13 21 28 15 10 24 12 13 10 14 16 22 23 12 11 9 14 17 11,18 15 11
6 17 13 23 29 16 10 25 12 12 10 14 16 21 25 10 11 10 13 18 12,13 15 11
6 17 14 19 29 15 10 21 12 12 11 16 16 25 24 13 10 10 14 16 13,14 15 12
6 18 13 20 29 16 10 23 13 12 11 14 19 23 25 10 11 10 13 16 11,14 16 12
5 16 12 20 28 15 10 30 12 11 10 14 21 20 24 11 10 9 12 21 16,19 14 11
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
11 18 14 20 29 21 9 15 13 11 22 10 16 23 10 12 37 19 16 13,17 27 13 13 23 37,38 10
10 16 14 22 30 24 11 18 14 11 19 10 14 23 10 14 39 19 14 11,13 28 14 10 21 35,36 11
9 16 13 21 29 21 10 18 16 11 22 10 15 25 10 11 39 16 14 12,13 27 13 10 25 39,40 12
7 16 13 21 29 21 10 18 16 11 22 10 15 25 10 11 39 16 14 12,13 27 13 10 25 39,41 12
7 17 13 21 29 21 10 18 16 11 22 10 15 25 10 11 39 16 14 12,13 27 13 10 25 38,41 12
7 18 14 20 29 21 9 15 13 11 22 11 16 23 10 12 37 19 16 13,17 27 13 13 23 37,38 10
6 16 14 22 30 23 11 18 14 12 19 10 14 23 10 14 39 20 14 11,13 28 14 10 21 36,36 11
5 17 13 21 29 21 10 19 16 11 22 10 15 25 10 11 40 16 14 12,13 27 13 10 25 38,41 12
5 18 14 20 29 21 9 15 13 11 22 10 16 23 10 12 37 19 16 13,17 27 13 13 23 38,38 10
4 16 12 20 28 19 10 21 15 11 20 10 14 24 10 10 36 21 14 16,19 31 12 11 30 37,38 11
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS439 DYS438 DYS437 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS576 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS570 DYS643 DYS627 DYS460 DYS518 DYS449 DYF387S1
8 14 14 30 23 10 14 14 11,13 10 10 14 14 18 22 11 19 16 21 11 11 19 11 24 11 39 28 35,36
6 16 13 29 25 10 11 13 12,13 10 10 14 15 18 21 11 22 17 25 12 12 16 10 21 10 39 27 38,41
5 16 13 29 25 10 11 13 12,13 10 10 14 15 19 21 11 22 17 25 12 12 16 10 21 10 40 27 38,41
4 15 12 28 24 10 10 12 16,19 11 10 14 14 21 20 11 20 16 30 12 11 21 9 19 10 36 31 37,38
4 15 13 28 23 10 11 14 11,18 12 10 14 15 17 22 11 21 19 24 12 13 16 9 22 10 36 27 36,39
3 14 13 30 24 10 13 12 11,14 12 12 15 17 19 25 12 19 18 22 12 12 18 10 21 11 38 28 35,35
3 15 12 28 23 10 14 12 13,18 13 11 15 15 18 20 11 20 20 23 13 11 17 12 18 9 34 30 36,37
3 15 13 28 23 10 11 14 11,18 12 10 14 15 17 22 11 21 19 24 12 13 16 9 21 10 36 27 36,38
3 15 14 29 23 10 11 14 11,11 11 10 14 15 18 22 11 21 19 24 12 13 16 9 23 10 36 27 36,39
3 16 12 28 23 10 13 12 12,20 11 10 14 14 19 21 12 19 19 24 13 11 19 10 19 11 41 32 37,39

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
54
EM converged
true
EM iterations
39
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 455,365
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 15 12 16 24 10 11 12
2 14 12 16 24 10 14 12
3 14 13 16 23 10 14 13
4 14 13 17 23 10 11 12
5 14 14 17 23 11 16 14
6 16 13 17 25 11 11 13
7 14 14 16 23 10 14 14
8 14 13 16 24 10 11 12
9 15 14 16 24 10 13 13
10 15 12 17 22 10 11 14
11 16 12 16 24 10 13 12
12 15 13 15 23 10 11 14
13 15 13 16 24 10 11 13
14 15 13 16 25 10 11 13
15 16 13 18 24 11 11 13
16 16 13 16 24 9 11 13
17 16 13 16 25 10 11 13
18 16 14 17 24 9 11 13
19 15 12 16 23 10 12 12
20 16 13 16 22 10 14 12
21 16 13 18 25 11 11 13
22 13 13 16 22 10 15 13
23 13 13 17 24 10 11 13
24 14 12 18 22 10 11 13
25 13 12 16 25 10 13 13
26 14 13 16 23 10 11 12
27 14 13 17 23 11 13 13
28 14 13 16 24 11 13 12
29 14 14 17 23 10 11 12
30 14 14 16 23 10 14 13
31 15 13 15 23 10 13 13
32 15 12 17 23 10 12 12
33 15 13 18 24 10 11 14
34 15 13 16 23 10 11 12
35 15 14 16 23 10 11 15
36 15 12 17 23 10 13 12
37 16 13 16 23 10 11 14
38 16 13 17 25 10 11 13
39 17 13 16 25 10 11 13
40 13 13 18 23 10 14 13
41 15 12 17 23 10 14 13
42 15 13 17 24 10 13 14
43 15 14 17 24 11 11 13
44 16 12 16 25 10 13 12
45 15 13 16 23 11 14 13
46 14 13 16 23 10 10 14
47 14 14 16 19 11 13 13
48 13 14 15 23 10 12 13
49 14 12 16 23 10 14 12
50 16 14 15 23 10 11 14
51 15 14 16 25 10 7 13
52 16 14 17 25 10 11 13
53 13 14 16 24 9 14 14
54 14 14 18 23 11 16 14

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Y17)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
55
EM converged
true
EM iterations
25
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 764,084,367
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 15 14 15 23 10 11 14 14 10 12 21 15 18 21 11
2 14 13 16 23 10 14 13 14 10 11 19 15 16 21 12
3 14 13 16 23 10 14 13 14 10 10 19 15 16 24 12
4 13 13 16 22 10 15 13 14 11 12 19 15 17 22 10
5 16 14 18 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 21 16 15 23 12
6 14 14 16 23 10 10 14 16 11 11 19 15 17 25 12
7 15 13 15 23 10 11 14 14 10 11 21 15 18 22 11
8 16 14 17 24 9 11 13 14 10 11 20 15 18 23 10
9 15 14 17 24 10 13 14 14 10 11 18 15 15 21 12
10 16 12 16 25 10 13 12 14 10 12 19 14 18 21 12
11 16 13 16 25 10 11 13 14 10 10 22 15 18 21 11
12 14 13 17 22 11 13 13 15 10 13 20 15 15 23 11
13 13 13 18 23 10 14 13 13 11 13 19 15 17 22 11
14 14 14 16 19 11 13 13 15 10 13 19 15 17 24 11
15 15 12 17 23 10 13 12 15 10 12 19 15 17 19 12
16 15 12 17 22 10 11 14 16 10 11 21 15 17 21 11
17 13 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 16 16 22 12
18 15 13 16 24 10 13 12 15 10 12 19 15 17 21 11
19 15 12 17 23 10 12 12 15 10 12 19 15 19 19 12
20 14 12 16 24 10 14 12 15 11 12 20 15 17 20 12
21 16 13 16 24 9 11 13 14 10 11 20 15 17 23 10
22 16 13 18 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 15 23 13
23 14 12 16 24 10 14 12 15 11 12 20 15 18 20 12
24 16 14 15 23 10 13 13 14 13 12 18 15 18 21 11
25 14 13 16 24 10 11 12 15 10 11 19 15 20 21 11
26 14 14 16 23 10 14 14 14 10 10 19 14 17 22 12
27 15 12 16 23 10 12 12 15 10 12 19 15 18 20 12
28 16 12 16 24 10 13 12 14 10 11 20 14 18 22 12
29 15 12 17 23 11 14 13 14 10 11 18 17 15 19 12
30 15 14 16 24 10 13 13 14 11 11 19 15 16 23 12
31 16 13 16 23 10 11 15 14 10 11 21 15 16 21 11
32 15 12 16 24 10 10 12 14 10 11 19 15 21 20 11
33 15 13 16 23 11 13 14 14 10 11 18 15 18 22 10
34 13 12 18 22 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 15 17 21 9
35 14 13 16 23 10 11 12 15 9 11 20 15 17 22 11
36 16 13 17 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 15 23 12
37 13 14 16 24 9 14 14 14 12 11 19 16 16 22 10
38 14 13 16 23 10 11 12 15 9 11 21 15 15 22 11
39 16 13 16 25 10 11 13 14 10 10 22 15 17 21 11
40 14 13 16 24 11 13 12 15 12 12 19 15 16 23 13
41 14 13 16 24 10 13 12 15 12 12 19 16 16 23 12
42 15 13 16 23 10 11 12 14 9 12 21 15 15 21 12
43 16 13 18 24 11 11 13 15 10 13 20 15 17 23 11
44 15 13 17 23 10 13 11 16 10 12 19 15 15 22 10
45 15 13 16 24 10 11 13 14 11 12 20 17 17 21 11
46 14 14 17 23 11 16 14 14 11 10 19 14 16 22 12
47 15 14 16 25 10 7 13 14 11 12 19 15 17 21 11
48 14 13 17 23 10 11 12 14 10 11 20 15 18 21 11
49 14 14 17 23 10 13 13 14 9 11 19 16 17 21 11
50 15 13 16 22 10 11 12 14 9 11 19 15 18 21 12
51 15 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 16 23 12
52 16 13 15 22 10 14 12 15 10 11 19 15 17 20 12
53 13 14 15 23 10 12 13 16 10 13 22 16 15 20 11
54 16 14 17 25 10 11 13 14 10 11 20 15 17 23 10
55 16 13 16 25 10 11 13 14 10 10 23 15 18 21 11

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

Population studies

  • Brinkmann C., Forster P., Schürenkamp M., Horst J., Rolf B. and Brinkmann B. (1999), 'Human Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in a Kurdish population sample.', Int J Legal Med 112(3):181-3 [PubMed]
  • Nasidze I., Schädlich H. and Stoneking M. (2003), 'Haplotypes from the Caucasus, Turkey and Iran for nine Y-STR loci.', Forensic Sci Int 137(1):85-93 [PubMed]
  • Janica J., Pepinski W., Niemcunowicz-Janica A., Skawronska M., Aleksandrowicz-Bukin M., Ptaszynska-Sarosiek I. and Koc-Zorawska E. (2005), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotypes and alleles in the ethnic group of Polish Tatars residing in the Northeastern Poland.', Forensic Sci Int 150(1):91-5 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zaharova B., Andonova S., Gilissen A., Cassiman JJ., Decorte R. and Kremensky I. (2001), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in three major population groups in Bulgaria.', Forensic Sci Int 124(2-3):182-6 [PubMed]
  • Cakir AH., Celebioğlu A. and Yardimci E. (2004), 'Y-STR haplotypes in Central Anatolia region of Turkey.', Forensic Sci Int 144(1):59-64 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Roewer L., Krüger C., Willuweit S., Nagy M., Rodig H., Kokshunova L., Rothämel T., Kravchenko S., Jobling MA., Stoneking M. and Nasidze I. (2007), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in Kalmyk population samples.', Forensic Sci Int 173(2-3):204-9 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zhu B., Li X., Wang Z., Wu H., He Y., Zhao J. and Liu Y. (2005), 'Y-STRs haplotypes of Chinese Mongol ethnic group using Y-PLEX 12.', Forensic Sci Int 153(2-3):260-3 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zeng Z., Rowold DJ., Garcia-Bertrand R., Calderon S., Regueiro M., Li L., Zhong M. and Herrera RJ. (2014), 'Taiwanese aborigines: genetic heterogeneity and paternal contribution to Oceania', Gene 542(2):240-7 [DOI]
  • Ou X., Wang Y., Liu C., Yang D., Zhang C., Deng S. and Sun H. (2015), 'Haplotype analysis of the polymorphic 40 Y-STR markers in Chinese populations', Forensic Sci. Int. Genet 19:255-262 [Link] [DOI]
  • Fu X., Fu Y., Liu Y., Guo J., Liu Y., Guo Y., Yan J., Cai J., Liu J. and Zha (2016), 'Genetic polymorphisms of 26 Y-STR loci in the Mongolian minority from Horqin district, China', International Journal of Legal Medicine 130(4):941-6
  • Dönbak L., Bajanowski T., Brinkmann B. and Hohoff C. (2006), 'Y-STR haplotypes in populations from the Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey.', Int J Legal Med 120(6):395-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Kwak KD., Jin HJ., Shin DJ., Kim JM., Roewer L., Krawczak M., Tyler-Smith C. and Kim W. (2005), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes and their applications to forensic and population studies in east Asia.', Int J Legal Med 119(4):195-201 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Keyser-Tracqui C., Crubézy E., Pamzsav H., Varga T. and Ludes B. (2006), 'Population origins in Mongolia: genetic structure analysis of ancient and modern DNA.', Am J Phys Anthropol 131(2):272-81 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Bíró A., Fehér T., Bárány G. and Pamjav H. (2015), 'Testing Central and Inner Asian admixture among contemporary Hungarians.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 15:121-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Kim YJ., Shin DJ., Kim JM., Jin HJ., Kwak KD., Han MS., Choi SK. and Kim W. (2001), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotype profiling in the Korean population.', Forensic Sci Int 115(3):231-7 [PubMed]
  • Kayser M., Caglià A., Corach D., Fretwell N., Gehrig C., Graziosi G., Heidorn F., Herrmann S., Herzog B., Hidding M., Honda K., Jobling M., Krawczak M., Leim K., Meuser S., Meyer E., Oesterreich W., Pandya A., Parson W., Penacino G., Perez-Lezaun A., Piccinini A., Prinz M., Schmitt C. and Roewer L. (1997), 'Evaluation of Y-chromosomal STRs: a multicenter study.', Int J Legal Med 110(3):125-33, 141-9 [PubMed]
  • Zhu B., Shen C., Xun X., Yan J., Deng Y., Zhu J. and Liu Y. (2007), 'Population genetic polymorphisms for 17 Y-chromosomal STRs haplotypes of Chinese Salar ethnic minority group', Leg. Med. (Tokyo) 9(4):203-9 [DOI]
  • Woźniak M., Derenko M., Malyarchuk B., Dambueva I., Grzybowski T. and Miścicka-Sliwka D. (2006), 'Allelic and haplotypic frequencies at 11 Y-STR loci in Buryats from South-East Siberia.', Forensic Sci Int 164(2-3):271-5 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Pakendorf B., Novgorodov IN., Osakovskij VL., Danilova AP., Protod'jakonov AP. and Stoneking M. (2006), 'Investigating the effects of prehistoric migrations in Siberia: genetic variation and the origins of Yakuts.', Hum Genet 120(3):334-53 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Pakendorf B., Novgorodov IN., Osakovskij VL. and Stoneking M. (2007), 'Mating patterns amongst Siberian reindeer herders: inferences from mtDNA and Y-chromosomal analyses.', Am J Phys Anthropol 133(3):1013-27 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Henke J., Henke L., Chatthopadhyay P., Kayser M., Dülmer M., Cleef S., Pöche H. and Felske-Zech H. (2001), 'Application of Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes to forensic genetics.', Croat Med J 42(3):292-7 [PubMed]
  • Zhu B., Wang Z., Wu Q., Sedike ME., Zhu J., Huang P., Xu Y. and Liu Y. (2005), 'Genetic analysis of 15 STR loci of Chinese Uigur ethnic population.', J Forensic Sci 50(5):1235-6 [PubMed]
  • Alakoc YD., Gokcumen O., Tug A., Gultekin T., Gulec E. and Schurr TG. (2010), 'Y-chromosome and autosomal STR diversity in four proximate settlements in Central Anatolia.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(5):e135-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Thèves C., Balaresque P., Evdokimova LE., Timofeev IV., Alekseev AN., Sevin A., Crubézy E. and Gibert M. (2010), 'Population genetics of 17 Y-chromosomal STR loci in Yakutia.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(5):e129-30 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Shi M., Bai R., Bai L. and Yu X. (2011), 'Population genetics for Y-chromosomal STRs haplotypes of Chinese Xibe ethnic group.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(5):e119-21 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Guo F., Zhang L. and Jiang X. (2015), 'Population genetics of 17 Y-STR loci in Xibe ethnic minority from Liaoning Province, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci International Genetics 16:86-7
  • Zhang Y., Lv D., Tong D., Mao X., Zhou Y., Zhou C., Zaerhumaer Y., Zang Y. and Chen Z. (2013), 'Allele frequencies of 12 Y-chromosomal STRs in Chinese Tuvans in the Altay region.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 7(1):e7-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Bai R., Liu Y., Lv X., Shi M. and Ma S. (2016), 'Genetic polymorphisms of 17 Y chromosomal STRs in She and Manchu ethnic populations from China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 22:e12-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • He J. and Guo F. (2013), 'Population genetics of 17 Y-STR loci in Chinese Manchu population from Liaoning Province, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 7(3):e84-5 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Adnan A., Kasim K., Rakha A., Noor A., Sabir A., Hadi S. and Xing J. (2019), 'Population data of 23 Y STRs from Manchu population of Liaoning Province, Northeast China', Int J Legal Med 133(3):785-8 [DOI]
  • Serin A., Canan H., Alper B. and Sertdemir Y. (2011), 'Haplotype frequencies of 17 Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat loci from the Cukurova region of Turkey.', Croat Med J 52(6):703-8 [Link] [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Tarlykov PV., Zholdybayeva EV., Akilzhanova AR., Nurkina ZM., Sabitov ZM., Rakhypbekov TK. and Ramanculov EM. (2013), 'Mitochondrial and Y-chromosomal profiles of the Kazakh population from East Kazakhstan', Croat Med J 54:17-24 [DOI]
  • Ozbas-Gerceker F., Bozman N., Arslan A. and Serin A. (2013), 'Population Data for 17 Y-STRs in Samples from Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey', Int J Hum Genet 13(2):105-111 [Link]
  • Guo F. (2015), 'Population genetics for 17 Y-STR loci in Mongolian ethnic minority from Liaoning Province, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 17:153-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Shan W., Ablimit A., Zhou W., Zhang F., Ma Z. and Zheng X. (2014), 'Genetic polymorphism of 17 Y chromosomal STRs in Kazakh and Uighur populations from Xinjiang, China.', Int J Legal Med 128(5):743-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Bian Y., Zhang S., Zhou W., Zhao Q., Siqintuya , Zhu R., Wang Z., Gao Y., Hong J., Lu D. and Li C. (2016), 'Analysis of genetic admixture in Uyghur using the 26 Y-STR loci system', Scientific Reports 6:19998 [Link] [DOI]
  • Gurkan C., Sevay H., Kanliada D., Hossoz S., Ceker D., Teralı K. and Sevim A. (2017), 'Turkish Cypriot paternal lineages bear an autochthonous character and closest resemblance to those from neighbouring Near Eastern populations', Annals of Human Biology 44(2):164-174 [DOI]
  • Xu H., Wang CC., Shrestha R., Wang LX., Zhang M., He Y., Kidd JR., Kidd KK., Jin L. and Li H. (2015), 'Inferring population structure and demographic history using Y‐STR data from worldwide populations', Mol Genet Genomics 290(1):141-50 [DOI]
  • Yao HB., Wang CC., Tao X., Shang L., Wen SQ., Zhu B., Kang L., Jin L. and Li H. (2016), 'Genetic evidence for an East Asian origin of Chinese Muslim populations Dongxiang and Hui.', Scientific Reports 6:38656 [DOI]
  • Wang J., Wen S., Shi M., Liu Y., Zhang J., Li H. and Bai R. (2018), 'Haplotype structure of 27 Yfiler®Plus loci in Chinese Dongxiang ethnic group and its genetic relationships with other populations', Forensic Science International Genetics 33:e13-16 [Link] [DOI]
  • Bíró AZ., Zalán A., Völgyi A. and Pamjav H. (2009), 'A Y-chromosomal comparison of the Madjars (Kazakhstan) and the Magyars (Hungary).', Am J Phys Anthropol 139(3):305-10 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Gao T., Yun L., Gao S., Gu Y., He W., Luo H. and Hou Y. (2016), 'Population genetics of 23 Y-STR loci in the Mongolian minority population in Inner Mongolia of China.', Int J Legal Med 130(6):1509-11 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Dogan S., Primorac D. and Marjanović D. (2014), 'Genetic analysis of haplotype data for 23 Y-chromosome short tandem repeat loci in the Turkish population recently settled in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.', Croat Med J 55(5):530-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zhabagin M., Sarkytbayeva A., Tazhigulova I., Yerezhepov D., Li S., Akilzhanov R., Yeralinov A., Sabitov Z. and Akilzhanova A. (2019), 'Development of the Kazakhstan Y-chromosome haplotype reference database: analysis of 27 Y-STR in Kazakh population', Int J Legal Med 133(4):1029–32 [Link] [DOI]
  • Khussainova E., Kisselev I., Iksan O., Bekmanov B., Skvortsova L., Garshin A., Kuzovleva E., Zhaniyazov Z., Zhunussova G., Musralina L., Kahbatkyzy N., Amirgaliyeva A., Begmanova M., Seisenbayeva A., Bespalova K., Perfilyeva A., Abylkassymova G., Farkhatuly A., Good SV. and Djansugurova L. (2021), 'Genetic Relationship Among the Kazakh People Based on Y-STR Markers Reveals Evidence of Genetic Variation Among Tribes and Zhuz.', Front Genet 12:801295 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Dogan S., Gurkan C., Dogan M., Balkaya HE., Tunc R., Demirdov DK., Ameen NA. and Marjanovic D. (2017), 'A glimpse at the intricate mosaic of ethnicities from Mesopotamia: Paternal lineages of the Northern Iraqi Arabs, Kurds, Syriacs, Turkmens and Yazidis', PLoS ONE 12(11):e0187408 [DOI]
  • Wang C., Su M., Li Y., Chen L., Jin X., Wen S., Tan J., Shi M. and Li H. (2019), 'Genetic polymorphisms of 27 Yfiler® Plus loci in the Daur and Mongolian ethnic minorities from Hulunbuir of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China', For Sci Int Genet 40:e252–e255 [DOI]
  • Jankova R., Seidel M., Videtic A., Willuweit S. and Roewer L. (2019), 'Y-chromosome diversity of the three major ethno-linguistic groups in the Republic of North Macedonia', For Sci Int Genet 42:165-70 [DOI]
  • Song F., Song M., Luo H., Xie M., Wang X., Dai H. and Hou Y. (2021), 'Paternal genetic structure of Kyrgyz ethnic group in China revealed by high-resolution Y-chromosome STRs and SNPs', Electrophoresis 42(19):1892-9 [DOI]
  • Liu Y., Yu T., Mei S., Jin X., Lan Q., Zhou Y., Fang Y., Xie T., Huang J. and Zhu B. (2020), 'Forensic characteristics and genetic affinity analyses of Xinjiang Mongolian group using a novel six fluorescent dye-labeled typing system including 41 Y-STRs and 3 Y-InDels.', Mol Genet Genomic Med 8(2):e1097 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Li X., Zhang J., Li L., Zha L., Shi M. and Ding M. (2020), 'Genetic polymorphism of 24 Y-STR loci in Altay Hui and Kazakh populationsfrom northwest China', Legal Medicine 47:101760 [DOI]
  • Ashirbekov Y., Abaildayev A., Neupokoyeva A., Sabitov Z. and Zhabagin M. (2022), 'Genetic polymorphism of 27 Y-STR loci in Kazakh populations from Northern Kazakhstan', Annals of Human Biology Epub ahead of print:In press [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005024, YA005508, YA005676, YA005232, YA005770, YA005555, YA005384, YA005992, YA005388, YA005236, YA005554, YA005990, YA005295, YA005955, YA005887, YA005981, YA005826, YA005201, YA005549, YA005116, YA005300, YA005965, YA005146, YA005626, YA005087, YA005045, YA005376, YA005216, YA005180, YA005703, YA005528, YA005329, YA005921, YA005933
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here