Mutation Rates

Marker Combined Mutationrate References
DYS19 2.24e-03 (36 in 16090) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Ge2009, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS389I 2.93e-03 (42 in 14339) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Lessig1998, Ge2009, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS389II 4.12e-03 (59 in 14310) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Lessig1998, Ge2009, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS390 2.11e-03 (33 in 15612) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Lessig1998, Ge2009, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS391 2.45e-03 (38 in 15486) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Ge2009, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS392 5.19e-04 (8 in 15418) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Ge2009, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS393 1.05e-03 (15 in 14264) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Ge2009, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS385 2.45e-03 (64 in 26171) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Lessig1998, Ge2009, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS439 5.45e-03 (58 in 10647) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Budowle2005, Ge2009, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS438 3.75e-04 (4 in 10673) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Budowle2005, Ge2009, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS437 1.22e-03 (13 in 10652) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Budowle2005, Ge2009, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS456 4.29e-03 (31 in 7229) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Ge2009, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS458 6.36e-03 (46 in 7228) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Ge2009, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS635 4.33e-03 (35 in 8076) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Gusmão2005, Ge2009, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
YGATAH4 3.03e-03 (25 in 8260) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Ge2009, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS448 1.52e-03 (11 in 7229) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Ge2009, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia, Manfred Kayser (1), Atif Adnan (1), Mark Stoneking (2)
DYS576 1.47e-02 (32 in 2174) Ballantyne2010, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS481 5.02e-03 (11 in 2191) Ballantyne2010, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS549 3.75e-03 (8 in 2131) Ballantyne2010, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS533 3.67e-03 (8 in 2177) Ballantyne2010, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS570 1.33e-02 (25 in 1873) Ballantyne2010, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS643 1.35e-03 (3 in 2220) Ballantyne2010, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS627 1.19e-02 (21 in 1766) Ballantyne2010
DYS460 5.82e-03 (10 in 1717) Ballantyne2010
DYS518 1.80e-02 (28 in 1556) Ballantyne2010
DYS449 1.18e-02 (19 in 1617) Ballantyne2010
DYF387S1 1.55e-02 (28 in 1804) Ballantyne2010
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here