Mutation Rates

Marker Combined Mutationrate References
DYS19 2.21e-03 (37 in 16711) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS389I 2.74e-03 (41 in 14960) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Lessig1998, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS389II 4.35e-03 (65 in 14931) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Lessig1998, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS390 2.09e-03 (34 in 16233) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Lessig1998, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS391 2.55e-03 (41 in 16107) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS392 4.99e-04 (8 in 16039) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS393 1.07e-03 (16 in 14885) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS385 2.52e-03 (70 in 27731) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Lessig1998, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS439 5.32e-03 (60 in 11268) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Budowle2005, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS438 3.54e-04 (4 in 11294) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Budowle2005, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS437 1.33e-03 (15 in 11273) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Budowle2005, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS456 4.46e-03 (35 in 7850) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS458 6.12e-03 (48 in 7849) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS635 4.25e-03 (37 in 8697) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Gusmão2005, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
YGATAH4 3.04e-03 (27 in 8881) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS448 1.40e-03 (11 in 7850) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Ge2009, Adnan2018b, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Gerhard Baessler, Tina Wiest, Andrea Betz, Werner Pflug, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS576 1.26e-02 (37 in 2944) Ballantyne2010, LiYuan2018, Petrovic2018, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS481 4.88e-03 (12 in 2460) Ballantyne2010, Petrovic2018, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS549 3.33e-03 (8 in 2400) Ballantyne2010, Petrovic2018, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS533 3.68e-03 (9 in 2446) Ballantyne2010, Petrovic2018, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS570 1.14e-02 (30 in 2643) Ballantyne2010, LiYuan2018, Petrovic2018, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS643 1.21e-03 (3 in 2489) Ballantyne2010, Petrovic2018, Maria Geppert, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS627 1.32e-02 (30 in 2267) Ballantyne2010, LiYuan2018
DYS460 5.82e-03 (10 in 1717) Ballantyne2010
DYS518 1.46e-02 (30 in 2057) Ballantyne2010, LiYuan2018
DYS449 9.44e-03 (20 in 2118) Ballantyne2010, LiYuan2018
DYF387S1 1.26e-02 (29 in 2305) Ballantyne2010, LiYuan2018
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here