Mutation Rates

Marker Combined Mutationrate References
DYS19 2.12e-03 (42 in 19807) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS389I 2.44e-03 (44 in 18051) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Lessig1998, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS389II 4.64e-03 (84 in 18104) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Lessig1998, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS390 2.03e-03 (38 in 18685) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Lessig1998, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS391 2.40e-03 (46 in 19199) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS392 5.23e-04 (10 in 19127) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS393 1.22e-03 (22 in 17977) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Bianchi1998, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Pestoni1999, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS385 2.86e-03 (95 in 33252) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Tsai2002, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Kayser2000, Heyer1997, Dupuy2004, Budowle2005, Dupuy2001, Lessig1998, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Sergey Kravchenko(1), Ludmila A. Livshits (1), Svetlana A. Limborska(2), Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS439 5.15e-03 (74 in 14363) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Budowle2005, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS438 3.48e-04 (5 in 14385) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Budowle2005, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS437 1.32e-03 (19 in 14360) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Hohoff2007, Lee2007, Domingues2007, Decker2008, Ballard2005a, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Budowle2005, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS456 4.30e-03 (47 in 10932) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS458 6.60e-03 (72 in 10914) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS635 4.24e-03 (50 in 11788) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Gusmão2005, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
YGATAH4 2.51e-03 (30 in 11970) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Kurihara2004, Gusmão2005, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS448 1.37e-03 (15 in 10935) Pontes2007, Sánchez-Diz2008, Turrina2006, Berger2005, Goedbloed2009, Lee2007, Decker2008, Ge2009, Adnan2018, Laouina2013, Bugoye2018, Petrovic2018, Mertoglu2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Gerhard Baessler, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS576 1.21e-02 (72 in 5941) Ballantyne2010, LiYuan2018, Petrovic2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS481 4.58e-03 (25 in 5456) Ballantyne2010, Petrovic2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS549 4.07e-03 (22 in 5399) Ballantyne2010, Petrovic2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS533 2.94e-03 (16 in 5449) Ballantyne2010, Petrovic2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS570 9.22e-03 (52 in 5642) Ballantyne2010, LiYuan2018, Petrovic2018, Lin2020, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS643 1.03e-03 (5 in 4850) Ballantyne2010, Petrovic2018, Ambrosio2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021, Maria Seidel, Josephine Purps, Patricia Entz, Carmen Krüger, Petra Otremba, Marion Nagy, Lutz Roewer, Chris Tyler-Smith, Wei Wei, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Qamar R, Zerjal T, Helgason A, Mehdi SQ, Sheila Marie Tabulina Angustia
DYS627 1.47e-02 (69 in 4678) Ballantyne2010, LiYuan2018, Lin2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021
DYS460 4.41e-03 (19 in 4311) Ballantyne2010, Lin2020, Fu2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021
DYS518 1.19e-02 (53 in 4465) Ballantyne2010, LiYuan2018, Lin2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021
DYS449 1.02e-02 (46 in 4532) Ballantyne2010, LiYuan2018, Lin2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021
DYF387S1 7.91e-03 (51 in 6447) Ballantyne2010, LiYuan2018, Lin2020, Fan2020a, FanH2021
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here