P2: Immigration and mobility in mediaeval and post-mediaeval Norway

Appearance and composition of Y-STR Haplotypes in mediaeval and contemporary populations in Norway and adjacent Scandinavian countries


Burkhard Berger 1, Walther Parson 1
1 Institute of Legal Medicine, Medical University of Innsbruck, Austria


Sascha Willuweit 2
2 Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Institute of Legal Medicine, Forensic Genetics Dept., Germany


In the framework of the project “Immigration and mobility in mediaeval and post-mediaeval Norway” molecular genetic analyses were performed on a total of 97 pre-modern human remains including genetic sexing, mitochondrial and Y-chromosomal DNA typing. A total of 87 remains yielded interpretable DNA results. All DNA extracts that gave male genetic sexing results (n=49) were subjected to Y-STR analysis using commercially available Y-STR kits (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Promega). From these samples at least partial Y-STR profiles were obtained. YHRD searches of the pre-modern haplotypes yielded matches and neighbors. AMOVA was performed using the YHRD online tool on pairwise Rst values to create the corresponding MDS plots. For this purpose, the pre-modern haplotypes were grouped according to medieval and post-medieval origin and compared to contemporary populations from Scandinavian (Norwegian, Swedish and Danish), Northwest European and Northeast European populations. Both pre-modern populations showed small genetic distances to contemporary Scandinavians and larger distances to Northeast Europeans with Northwest European populations in between.

Date of objection

Expired at June, 7th, 2016

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