Information on the Eurasian - Indo-Iranian Metapopulation

The Indo-Iranian Metapopulation (Eurasian - Indo-Iranian) consists of 8,361 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 34 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (28 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
339 15 14 30 22 10 11 12 15,17
88 15 13 30 24 11 11 13 11,14
88 16 13 30 24 11 11 13 11,14
86 15 13 29 22 10 14 12 9,16
84 15 13 29 24 10 11 13 12,14
81 14 12 28 22 10 11 13 14,14
76 14 14 31 23 10 11 12 13,16
72 15 14 30 22 10 11 12 15,16
68 15 13 31 25 11 11 13 11,14
58 14 13 29 23 10 11 12 13,16
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
290 10 14 11 30 9 14 15 11 12 22 15,17
85 11 13 10 30 11 14 15 11 13 24 11,14
78 11 13 10 30 11 14 16 11 13 24 11,14
70 10 14 11 31 9 14 14 11 12 23 13,16
67 10 14 11 30 9 14 15 11 12 22 15,16
66 10 13 12 29 11 14 15 11 13 24 12,14
55 11 13 10 31 11 14 15 11 13 25 11,14
50 10 12 12 28 10 16 14 11 13 22 14,14
45 10 13 10 29 10 14 16 11 13 25 12,13
39 10 14 11 30 9 14 15 11 12 22 15,18
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
103 15 14 22 30 18 15 15,17 12 10 11 20 11 12 14 9 19
64 15 14 22 30 17 15 15,17 12 10 11 20 11 12 14 9 19
57 15 13 24 30 15 15 11,14 13 11 10 23 11 12 14 11 20
46 15 14 23 31 17 14 13,16 12 10 11 21 11 10 14 9 20
37 15 13 25 29 17 16 12,13 13 10 10 21 11 12 14 10 22
26 14 12 22 28 15 14 14,14 13 10 12 22 11 11 16 10 20
25 15 13 24 30 15 16 11,14 13 11 10 24 11 13 14 11 20
24 15 13 24 30 15 16 11,14 13 11 10 23 11 12 14 11 20
22 17 13 24 29 17 15 12,14 13 10 12 21 11 11 14 11 0
20 15 13 22 29 17 15 9,16 12 10 13 21 14 11 16 10 19
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
18 19 14 19 30 15 10 23 13 12 9 14 17 20 22 11 11 9 12 17 15,17 15 12
6 15 12 20 28 14 10 26 12 11 10 16 19 22 22 13 11 12 13 15 14,14 14 11
6 17 12 19 28 14 10 23 14 11 10 15 15 23 23 12 14 10 11 14 13,16 16 12
6 19 13 20 30 15 11 25 12 12 11 14 19 23 24 10 11 10 13 15 11,14 15 12
6 20 14 19 30 15 10 23 12 12 9 14 16 20 22 11 11 9 12 18 15,16 15 12
5 17 13 21 29 15 10 28 12 12 11 14 19 21 24 12 11 10 13 17 12,14 17 11
5 17 14 20 31 17 11 23 11 12 11 14 19 23 24 10 11 10 13 15 11,14 17 14
5 18 13 20 30 16 11 23 12 13 11 14 19 23 25 10 11 10 13 14 12,13 16 13
5 19 13 20 30 15 11 25 12 12 11 14 18 23 24 10 11 10 13 15 11,14 15 12
5 19 14 19 30 15 10 23 13 12 9 14 16 20 22 11 11 9 12 18 15,17 15 12
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
9 17 13 21 29 21 10 17 16 12 22 10 15 25 10 11 39 16 14 12,13 27 13 10 25 39,40 12
6 16 13 24 30 19 11 19 16 12 21 11 16 23 10 11 37 17 16 13,16 28 13 11 19 38,39 10
6 19 13 23 31 17 11 16 15 13 20 11 15 25 11 11 39 20 14 11,14 32 13 10 25 37,39 12
5 19 13 23 31 17 11 16 15 13 20 11 15 25 11 11 40 19 14 11,14 33 13 10 25 37,39 12
4 17 14 23 32 18 11 17 15 12 20 11 15 25 9 11 41 19 14 11,14 31 13 10 23 37,39 12
4 19 13 23 30 17 11 15 15 12 20 11 15 24 11 11 39 19 14 11,14 32 13 10 25 37,37 12
3 16 13 24 30 19 11 19 16 12 21 11 16 23 10 11 37 17 15 13,16 28 13 11 19 38,39 10
3 17 13 21 29 20 9 17 15 11 0 10 17 24 11 11 39 19 14 12,14 28 13 12 28 37,38,39 12
3 19 13 23 30 17 11 15 15 12 20 10 15 23 11 11 39 19 14 11,14 32 13 10 25 37,38 12
3 20 14 20 30 19 11 18 15 12 19 10 15 22 9 11 40 16 14 15,16 32 12 11 23 37,39 12
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS439 DYS438 DYS437 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS576 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS570 DYS643 DYS627 DYS460 DYS518 DYS449 DYF387S1
2 15 13 29 24 10 11 13 12,14 12 11 14 17 17 21 11 0 17 27 12 12 19 10 20 9 39 28 37,38,39

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
50
EM converged
true
EM iterations
80
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 940,591
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 14 12 16 22 10 14 11
2 13 12 17 25 11 11 12
3 14 13 16 24 11 13 12
4 13 13 17 24 10 11 13
5 13 13 16 22 10 15 13
6 14 13 17 23 10 14 13
7 14 12 16 23 10 11 12
8 14 12 18 22 10 11 13
9 14 12 17 23 10 11 12
10 14 13 16 24 10 13 12
11 14 13 16 23 10 11 12
12 14 14 16 23 10 13 13
13 14 13 17 23 11 11 12
14 15 13 16 24 10 11 12
15 15 13 17 22 10 11 12
16 14 13 17 23 10 11 12
17 15 13 17 24 10 11 13
18 15 13 17 24 10 13 13
19 13 13 18 24 10 11 13
20 15 13 18 25 10 11 13
21 14 14 16 23 10 11 12
22 15 13 16 23 10 14 12
23 14 14 17 23 10 11 12
24 15 13 17 21 10 11 14
25 15 12 17 23 10 11 14
26 15 13 16 22 10 14 12
27 15 13 16 23 10 11 12
28 15 13 17 25 10 11 13
29 15 13 17 24 11 11 13
30 15 13 17 25 11 11 13
31 17 13 17 24 10 11 13
32 16 12 18 23 11 11 12
33 16 13 17 24 11 11 13
34 16 13 16 25 10 11 13
35 16 13 17 25 11 11 13
36 16 13 18 25 11 11 13
37 15 13 16 22 10 11 12
38 15 12 16 22 10 11 15
39 15 14 16 22 10 11 12
40 15 13 18 25 11 11 13
41 14 14 16 25 10 11 13
42 14 12 16 22 10 11 13
43 16 14 18 24 10 11 13
44 16 13 19 22 10 11 12
45 15 14 15 23 11 10 14
46 15 13 16 24 10 11 13
47 14 14 16 23 10 10 14
48 14 13 16 23 10 10 14
49 16 13 17 23 11 11 13
50 13 11 16 21 8 13 9

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Y17)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
56
EM converged
true
EM iterations
57
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 2,154,933,235
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 15 13 18 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 16 23 13
2 14 14 16 25 10 11 13 16 10 10 20 15 16 23 11
3 13 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 16 16 21 12
4 15 14 16 22 10 11 12 14 9 11 19 15 18 20 12
5 14 13 16 24 11 13 12 15 12 12 19 17 16 23 13
6 15 14 16 22 10 11 12 14 9 11 19 15 17 20 12
7 15 12 17 22 10 11 14 16 10 11 21 15 16 21 12
8 14 12 16 22 10 11 13 16 10 12 20 14 15 22 11
9 14 13 16 24 10 13 12 15 12 12 19 15 17 23 12
10 17 13 17 24 10 11 13 15 10 13 19 15 18 22 11
11 14 14 17 23 10 11 12 14 9 11 20 15 17 21 10
12 15 12 16 24 10 11 12 15 9 12 19 14 17 21 11
13 16 13 19 22 10 11 12 14 9 12 21 15 15 21 12
14 15 14 18 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 16 23 12
15 14 13 17 23 10 11 12 15 9 11 19 15 15 21 12
16 16 13 17 24 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 15 24 13
17 16 13 17 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 16 23 12
18 13 13 18 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 15 17 22 11
19 16 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 15 23 12
20 15 12 16 22 10 11 15 16 10 11 20 15 16 21 11
21 15 13 16 24 10 11 13 14 11 12 20 17 17 21 11
22 14 14 16 23 10 13 13 14 9 11 19 15 16 21 11
23 14 13 16 23 10 11 12 15 9 11 21 15 16 23 11
24 15 13 17 22 10 11 13 14 11 11 19 15 15 23 11
25 14 13 16 23 10 11 12 15 9 12 21 15 16 21 11
26 15 13 17 23 10 13 13 15 11 12 19 15 16 23 12
27 14 13 16 23 10 10 14 16 11 10 19 15 17 24 11
28 16 13 17 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 17 23 13
29 15 13 17 24 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 15 23 12
30 14 13 16 23 10 14 13 14 10 11 19 15 17 22 12
31 15 12 17 22 10 11 13 16 10 12 20 15 18 21 11
32 15 13 16 23 10 11 12 15 9 11 21 16 15 22 12
33 13 13 16 22 10 15 13 15 11 12 19 15 17 23 10
34 14 12 16 23 10 11 12 15 9 11 20 15 17 25 10
35 15 13 16 22 10 14 12 16 10 12 19 15 17 21 11
36 14 12 16 22 10 14 11 15 10 12 19 16 15 24 12
37 14 14 16 23 10 10 14 16 11 11 19 15 17 25 12
38 14 13 17 23 10 11 12 14 10 11 20 15 17 21 11
39 15 12 17 24 10 14 14 14 11 11 18 15 16 22 12
40 14 14 16 23 10 11 12 14 9 12 21 14 18 24 11
41 16 13 16 25 10 11 13 14 10 10 22 15 17 21 12
42 16 13 16 23 11 10 12 14 11 11 19 15 16 24 11
43 15 13 16 22 10 11 12 14 9 11 19 15 16 21 12
44 14 12 17 23 11 11 12 15 9 13 19 15 16 22 12
45 13 12 17 25 11 11 12 14 10 12 20 15 18 21 10
46 14 14 15 23 10 10 14 14 11 12 19 16 17 26 11
47 16 13 17 23 11 11 13 16 10 11 21 16 19 24 12
48 16 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 21 16 17 22 11
49 14 12 16 22 10 14 11 15 10 13 19 15 15 23 12
50 13 13 16 23 10 12 12 15 10 12 19 15 19 20 12
51 14 13 16 22 10 11 12 14 10 12 21 15 15 21 11
52 15 13 17 23 10 11 14 14 10 12 20 15 16 24 13
53 15 13 16 22 10 14 12 16 10 12 20 15 17 24 11
54 15 13 18 22 10 11 14 16 10 12 19 17 19 22 13
55 13 11 16 21 8 13 9 14 9 12 19 13 15 22 11
56 16 12 18 23 11 11 12 14 11 10 19 17 17 21 11

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

Population studies

  • Egyed B., Füredi S., Angyal M., Boutrand L., Vandenberghe A., Woller J. and Pádár Z. (2000), 'Analysis of eight STR loci in two Hungarian populations.', Int J Legal Med 113(5):272-5 [PubMed]
  • Zaharova B., Andonova S., Gilissen A., Cassiman JJ., Decorte R. and Kremensky I. (2001), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in three major population groups in Bulgaria.', Forensic Sci Int 124(2-3):182-6 [PubMed]
  • Martínez-Cruz B., Mendizabal I., Harmant C., Pablo D., Ioana M., Angelicheva D., Kouvatsi A., Makukh H., Netea MG., Pamjav H., Zalán A., Tournev I., Marushiakova E., Popov V., Bertranpetit J., Kalaydjieva L., Quintana-Murci L., Comas D. and Genographic-Consortium (2016), 'Origins, admixture and founder lineages in European Roma', Eur J Hum Genet 24(6):937-43 [DOI]
  • Füredi S., Woller J., Pádár Z. and Angyal M. (1999), 'Y-STR haplotyping in two Hungarian populations.', Int J Legal Med 113(1):38-42 [PubMed]
  • Pamjav H., Zalán A., Béres J., Nagy M. and Chang YM. (2011), 'Genetic structure of the paternal lineage of the Roma people', Am J Phys Anthropol. 145(1):21-9 [DOI]
  • Brinkmann C., Forster P., Schürenkamp M., Horst J., Rolf B. and Brinkmann B. (1999), 'Human Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in a Kurdish population sample.', Int J Legal Med 112(3):181-3 [PubMed]
  • Nasidze I., Schädlich H. and Stoneking M. (2003), 'Haplotypes from the Caucasus, Turkey and Iran for nine Y-STR loci.', Forensic Sci Int 137(1):85-93 [PubMed]
  • Dönbak L., Bajanowski T., Brinkmann B. and Hohoff C. (2006), 'Y-STR haplotypes in populations from the Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey.', Int J Legal Med 120(6):395-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Roewer L., Willuweit S., Stoneking M. and Nasidze I. (2009), 'A Y-STR database of Iranian and Azerbaijanian minority populations.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(1):e53-5 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Alakoc YD., Gokcumen O., Tug A., Gultekin T., Gulec E. and Schurr TG. (2010), 'Y-chromosome and autosomal STR diversity in four proximate settlements in Central Anatolia.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(5):e135-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Alshamali F., Pereira L., Budowle B., Poloni ES. and Currat M. (2009), 'Local population structure in Arabian Peninsula revealed by Y-STR diversity.', Hum Hered 68(1):45-54 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Bembea M., Patocs A., Kozma K., Jurca C. and Skrypnyk C. (2011), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotype diversity in three ethnically isolated population from North-Western Romania.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(3):e99-100 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Ferri G., Tofanelli S., Alù M., Taglioli L., Radheshi E., Corradini B., Paoli G., Capelli C. and Beduschi G. (2010), 'Y-STR variation in Albanian populations: implications on the match probabilities and the genetic legacy of the minority claiming an Egyptian descent.', Int J Legal Med 124(5):363-70 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Achakzai NM., Rahman Z., Shahzad MS., Daud S., Zar MS., Israr M., Husnain T., Willuweit S. and Roewer L. (2012), 'Y-chromosomal STR analysis in the Pashtun population of Southern Afghanistan.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 6(4):e103-5 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Lacau H., Bukhari A., Gayden T., Salvia L., Regueiro M., Stojkovic O. and Herrera RJ. (2011), 'Y-STR profiling in two Afghanistan populations.', Leg Med (Tokyo) 13(2):103-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Tabassum S., Ilyas M., Ullah I., Israr M. and Ahmad H. (2017), 'A comprehensive Y-STR portrait of Yousafzai’s population', Int J Legal Med 131(5):1241-2 [DOI]
  • Perveen R., Rahman Z., Shahzad MS., Israr M., Shafique M., Shan MA., Zar MS., Iqbal M. and Husnain T. (2014), 'Y-STR haplotype diversity in Punjabi population of Pakistan.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 9:e20-1 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Adnan A., Rakha A., Noor A., Oven V., Ralf A. and Kayser M. (2018), 'Population data of 17 Y-STRs (Yfiler) from Punjabis and Kashmiris of Pakistan.', Int J Legal Med 132(1):137-138 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Älgenäs C. and Tillmar AO. (2014), 'Population genetics of 29 autosomal STRs and 17 Y-chromosomal STRs in a population sample from Afghanistan.', Int J Legal Med 128(2):279-80 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Lee EY., Shin KJ., Rakha A., Sim JE., Park MJ., Kim NY., Yang WI. and Lee HY. (2014), 'Analysis of 22 Y chromosomal STR haplotypes and Y haplogroup distribution in Pathans of Pakistan.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 11:111-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Perveen R., Shahid AA., Shafique M., Shehzad M. and Akram M. (2020), 'Kashmiris phylogenetic depictions through uniparental and biparental genetic markers', Int J Legal Med 134:1311–1312 [DOI]
  • Perveen R., Ali A., Shafique M., Shahzad M. and Husnain T. (2017), 'Genetic variations of 15 autosomal and 17 Y-STR markers in Sindhi population of Pakistan', Int J Legal Med 131(5):1239-40 [DOI]
  • Adnan A., Rakha A., Kasim K., Noor A., Nazir S., Hadi S. and Pang H. (2019), 'Genetic characterization of Y-chromosomal STRs in Hazara ethnic group of Pakistan and confirmation of DYS448 null allele', Int J Legal Med 133(3):789-93 [DOI]
  • Dogan S., Gurkan C., Dogan M., Balkaya HE., Tunc R., Demirdov DK., Ameen NA. and Marjanovic D. (2017), 'A glimpse at the intricate mosaic of ethnicities from Mesopotamia: Paternal lineages of the Northern Iraqi Arabs, Kurds, Syriacs, Turkmens and Yazidis', PLoS ONE 12(11):e0187408 [DOI]
  • Sayyari M., Salehzadeh A., Tabatabaiefar MA. and Abbasi A. (2019), 'Profiling of 17 Y-STR loci in Mazandaran and Gilan provinces of Iran', Turk J Med Sci. 49(5):1277-1286 [DOI]
  • Sayyari M., Salehzadeh A., Tabatabaiefar MA. and Abbasi A. (2020), 'Genetic polymorphisms of Y-chromosome short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) in a male population from Golestan province, Iran', Molecular Biology Research Communications 9(1):11-16 [DOI]
  • Ullah I., Olofsson JK., Margaryan A., Ilardo M., Ahmad H., Sikora M., Hansen AJ., Nadeem S., Fazal N., Ali M., Buchard A., Hemphill BE., Willerslev E. and Allentoft ME. (2017), 'High Y‐chromosomal Differentiation Among Ethnic Groups of Dir and Swat Districts, Pakistan', Annals of Human Genetics 81:234-48 [DOI]
  • Adnan A., Rakha A., Nazir S., Alghafri R., Hassan Q., Wang CC. and Lu J. (2021), ' Forensic features and genetic legacy of the Baloch population of Pakistan and the Hazara population across Durand-line revealed by Y chromosomal STRs ', Int J Legal Med 135:1777–84 [DOI]
  • Adnan A., Rakha A., Ameen F., Abdullah A., Almansob A., Wang CC., Lu J. and Xing J. (2020), 'Genetic structure and forensic characteristics of Saraiki population from Southern Punjab, Pakistan, revealed by 20 Y-chromosomal STRs', Int J Legal Med 134:977–979 [DOI]
  • Adnan A., Rakha A., Lazim H., Nazir S., Al-Qahtani WS., Alwaili MA., Hadi S. and Wang CC. (2022), 'Are Roma People Descended from the Punjab Region of Pakistan: A Y-Chromosomal Perspective', Genes 13:532 [Link] [DOI]
  • Shrivastava P., Kushwaha KPS., Kumawat RK., Chauhan T., Saiz M., Lorente JA., Batham MS., Singh SS. and Chaubey G. (2020), 'Untangled the genetic structure of Kahar and Tharu, using 23 Y chromosomal paternal lineage markers', Meta Gene 26:100797
  • Zahra FT., Hussain M., Khan K., Aslam MA., Shafique M., Rubab A. and Javeed S. (2020), 'Genetic polymorphism of Y-chromosomal STRs in Gujjar population of Punjab', Int J Legal Med 134:1333-1334 [Link] [DOI]
  • Aslam MA., Hussain M., Khan K., Zahra FT., Shafique M. and Javeed S. (2020), 'Haplotype diversity of 17 Y-STRs in Sheikh population of Punjab', Int J Legal Med 134:1325–1326 [DOI]
  • Halilović E., Ahmić A., Kalajdžić A., Ismailović A., Čakar J., Lasić L., Pilav A., Džehverović M. and Pojskić N. (2022), 'Paternal genetic structure of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian Roma: A Y-chromosomal STR study', American Journal of Human Biology Epub ahead of print:In press [Link] [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005628, YA005792, YA005279, YA005623, YA005205, YA005491, YA005731, YA005366, YA005609, YA005776, YA005505, YA005947, YA005241, YA005347, YA005052, YA005032, YA005050, YA005675, YA005684, YA005018, YA005606, YA005441, YA005057, YA005490, YA005390, YA005791, YA005410, YA005034, YA005762, YA005683
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here