Information on the East Asian - Korean Metapopulation

The Korean Metapopulation (East Asian - Korean) consists of 6,183 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 12 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (4 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
152 16 14 29 23 10 13 13 10,18
149 16 14 29 23 10 13 13 10,19
118 16 14 29 23 10 13 13 10,17
59 15 12 29 23 10 12 12 11,19
52 15 14 30 22 10 13 13 10,18
47 14 12 28 24 10 14 12 13,19
44 15 14 30 22 10 13 13 10,19
43 15 12 28 23 11 14 13 13,13
42 16 13 29 23 10 11 14 12,18
40 15 14 30 22 10 13 13 10,20
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
104 10 14 12 29 13 14 16 13 13 23 10,19
93 10 14 12 29 13 14 16 13 13 23 10,18
57 10 14 12 29 13 14 16 13 13 23 10,17
55 10 12 11 29 10 15 15 12 12 23 11,19
38 10 14 12 30 13 14 15 13 13 22 10,18
33 11 12 12 28 10 14 15 14 13 23 13,13
31 10 14 11 29 13 14 16 13 13 23 10,18
30 10 14 11 29 13 14 16 13 13 23 10,17
29 10 14 12 29 13 14 15 13 13 23 10,18
26 10 14 12 29 13 14 15 13 13 23 10,19
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
54 15 14 23 29 17 16 10,19 13 10 12 21 13 11 14 13 18
32 16 12 23 29 18 15 11,19 12 10 11 21 12 11 15 10 19
25 15 14 23 29 17 16 10,18 13 10 12 21 13 11 14 13 18
19 12 12 23 28 17 15 13,13 13 11 12 20 14 12 14 10 18
16 15 14 23 29 18 16 10,18 13 10 12 21 13 11 14 13 18
13 15 14 23 29 17 16 10,17 13 10 12 21 13 11 14 13 18
12 15 12 23 27 18 15 13,19 12 10 12 20 14 12 15 11 20
12 15 12 24 28 19 14 13,19 12 10 12 22 14 13 15 11 20
12 15 13 23 29 18 16 12,18 14 10 12 21 11 11 14 10 22
11 15 14 23 29 18 16 10,19 13 10 12 21 13 11 14 13 18
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
7 19 12 19 29 15 10 20 14 11 10 15 18 21 23 11 12 11 12 18 11,19 16 11
4 17 14 18 29 16 10 23 12 11 13 14 18 21 23 12 13 13 13 17 10,19 15 11
3 18 12 19 29 15 10 22 13 11 10 15 17 21 23 12 12 11 12 18 14,16 17 12
3 18 12 20 28 14 10 23 12 11 11 15 19 21 24 11 14 10 12 17 13,20 15 12
3 18 14 21 30 15 10 28 12 12 10 14 16 21 23 10 11 8 15 15 11,20 15 11
2 16 12 20 29 17 10 23 13 11 10 15 20 22 24 11 13 11 12 18 15,21 15 12
2 16 13 18 28 16 10 23 12 11 13 14 18 21 23 12 13 13 13 18 10,17 16 11
2 16 14 18 29 16 10 23 12 11 13 14 17 21 24 12 14 13 13 17 9,19 15 11
2 17 12 19 29 16 10 25 13 12 10 14 17 22 25 13 13 10 12 20 12,19 14 12
2 17 12 20 28 17 10 25 12 12 11 15 17 20 25 12 14 13 12 15 12,19 15 12
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
3 17 14 21 30 23 11 15 15 11 21 11 14 23 10 11 38 16 14 11,19 32 15 11 26 36,37,39 12
2 16 13 21 30 26 9 18 17 12 19 10 14 25 10 13 41 19 15 11,20 34 12 12 24 36,39 12
2 18 12 20 28 20 10 15 16 12 20 10 15 25 11 14 39 18 15 12,19 29 12 12 25 35,39 12
2 18 12 20 28 22 9 18 15 13 19 10 15 23 10 12 36 16 15 12,16 34 12 12 22 35,40 11
2 18 12 21 28 18 9 17 14 12 20 10 15 24 11 14 36 19 15 13,20 34 12 11 23 35,38 11
2 18 12 21 29 21 10 18 15 12 19 10 17 23 10 12 37 17 15 14,16 35 12 12 22 37,39 11
2 18 13 21 30 21 10 18 14 11 20 11 15 25 11 13 34 19 15 13,18 41 13 12 23 37,40 11
2 18 14 20 30 21 11 20 15 12 18 10 15 22 11 13 37 19 14 10,20 31 13 11 21 34,37 11
2 19 12 21 29 23 11 18 15 11 19 10 16 23 10 12 37 18 15 11,19 32 12 11 20 38,40 11
2 19 12 21 29 25 11 18 15 11 19 10 16 23 10 12 37 18 15 11,19 32 12 11 20 38,40 11
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS439 DYS438 DYS437 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS576 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS570 DYS643 DYS627 DYS460 DYS518 DYS449 DYF387S1
2 14 12 28 24 10 14 12 13,20 11 11 15 15 17 21 12 20 18 23 12 11 19 10 18 9 36 34 35,38
2 14 13 30 25 11 13 13 13,18 12 11 15 15 18 21 11 20 18 23 14 11 19 12 21 10 34 41 37,40
2 15 12 28 23 10 12 12 12,16 12 10 15 15 18 20 13 19 18 22 13 11 16 10 22 9 36 34 35,40
2 15 12 29 23 10 12 12 11,19 11 10 15 16 18 21 11 19 19 20 14 11 18 11 25 11 37 32 38,40
2 15 12 29 23 10 12 12 14,16 12 10 15 17 18 21 12 19 18 22 13 11 17 11 21 10 37 35 37,39

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
32
EM converged
true
EM iterations
36
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 154,543
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 13 14 16 24 9 14 14
2 15 13 16 24 10 11 13
3 14 12 16 24 10 14 12
4 14 13 16 23 10 15 13
5 15 12 16 23 11 14 13
6 15 12 16 23 10 12 12
7 14 12 15 24 10 14 12
8 16 12 16 23 10 13 12
9 15 12 17 24 10 13 12
10 14 12 16 25 10 14 12
11 15 14 16 23 10 11 15
12 15 12 17 23 10 12 13
13 14 14 17 23 10 14 13
14 15 14 15 23 10 11 14
15 15 14 15 23 10 13 13
16 15 14 16 22 10 13 13
17 14 14 16 23 11 16 14
18 15 12 17 23 10 12 12
19 15 13 15 23 10 13 13
20 16 13 15 22 10 14 12
21 15 13 16 22 10 13 13
22 16 13 16 23 10 11 14
23 15 14 16 24 10 13 14
24 17 13 17 25 10 11 13
25 17 12 15 25 11 13 12
26 17 12 18 24 10 13 12
27 16 13 15 23 10 13 13
28 16 14 16 23 10 13 13
29 16 14 15 24 10 11 15
30 16 12 16 25 10 13 12
31 16 14 15 23 10 13 13
32 17 12 17 24 10 13 12

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Y17)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
41
EM converged
true
EM iterations
51
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 55,953,760
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 14 12 16 24 10 14 12 15 11 12 20 15 17 20 12
2 15 12 17 23 10 12 12 15 10 11 19 16 18 21 11
3 15 13 16 24 10 13 12 15 10 12 20 15 17 21 11
4 15 14 15 23 10 11 15 14 10 12 21 15 16 21 11
5 16 14 15 23 10 13 13 14 13 12 18 15 18 21 11
6 13 14 16 24 9 14 14 14 12 11 19 16 17 22 10
7 15 12 16 23 11 14 13 14 10 12 18 12 17 20 12
8 17 12 16 25 10 13 12 14 10 12 19 14 18 22 12
9 14 13 16 23 10 15 13 14 10 11 19 15 16 21 12
10 16 14 15 23 10 13 13 14 13 12 18 15 17 21 11
11 16 12 15 24 11 13 13 14 10 11 20 14 17 21 11
12 15 12 17 23 10 12 13 15 10 12 19 15 18 19 12
13 16 12 16 24 10 13 12 14 10 12 19 15 17 21 12
14 14 12 16 24 10 14 12 15 11 12 20 15 19 22 13
15 15 14 16 22 10 13 13 14 13 12 18 15 19 20 12
16 14 14 16 23 11 16 14 14 11 10 19 14 17 22 12
17 16 12 17 24 10 13 12 15 10 11 20 15 16 21 12
18 15 14 16 22 10 13 13 14 13 12 18 15 18 20 12
19 16 13 16 23 10 11 14 14 10 12 22 15 18 21 11
20 14 12 16 24 10 14 12 15 11 12 20 15 18 20 12
21 16 13 16 23 10 11 14 14 10 11 21 15 16 21 11
22 15 14 15 23 10 11 14 14 10 12 21 15 18 23 11
23 17 12 17 24 10 13 12 15 10 11 20 15 16 21 12
24 16 14 16 23 10 13 13 14 12 12 18 15 17 20 12
25 15 14 15 23 10 13 13 14 13 12 18 15 17 21 11
26 17 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 10 12 17 16 16 21 11
27 14 14 17 23 10 14 13 14 10 11 19 17 16 23 12
28 16 12 16 25 10 13 12 14 10 11 20 14 18 23 12
29 15 13 16 22 10 14 13 14 10 11 19 15 19 21 12
30 15 14 16 23 10 11 15 14 10 11 21 15 15 21 11
31 15 12 17 23 10 12 12 15 10 12 19 15 18 20 12
32 16 14 17 25 10 12 12 15 10 12 21 13 17 21 12
33 15 13 14 23 10 13 13 14 13 12 18 15 17 20 12
34 17 12 16 25 10 14 12 15 11 12 20 15 15 20 12
35 15 12 16 23 10 12 12 15 10 12 19 15 18 19 12
36 15 12 15 23 10 14 12 15 11 12 20 15 18 20 12
37 17 12 15 25 11 13 12 14 10 12 19 14 18 23 12
38 15 14 16 24 10 13 14 14 10 11 18 15 15 21 12
39 15 12 16 23 11 14 13 14 10 11 18 16 15 20 11
40 16 13 15 22 10 14 12 15 10 12 18 15 17 20 12
41 14 13 16 24 10 11 14 14 10 13 18 15 18 21 12

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

Population studies

  • Kim YJ., Shin DJ., Kim JM., Jin HJ., Kwak KD., Han MS., Choi SK. and Kim W. (2001), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotype profiling in the Korean population.', Forensic Sci Int 115(3):231-7 [PubMed]
  • Lee HY., Park MJ., Chung U., Lee HY., Yang WI., Cho SH. and Shin KJ. (2007), 'Haplotypes and mutation analysis of 22 Y-chromosomal STRs in Korean father-son pairs.', Int J Legal Med 121(2):128-35 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Park MJ., Lee HY., Yoo JE., Chung U., Lee SY. and Shin KJ. (2005), 'Forensic evaluation and haplotypes of 19 Y-chromosomal STR loci in Koreans.', Forensic Sci Int 152(2-3):133-47 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Xu H., Wang CC., Shrestha R., Wang LX., Zhang M., He Y., Kidd JR., Kidd KK., Jin L. and Li H. (2015), 'Inferring population structure and demographic history using Y‐STR data from worldwide populations', Mol Genet Genomics 290(1):141-50 [DOI]
  • Kim SH., Kim NY., Hong SB., Cho NS., Kim JJ., Han MS. and Kim W. (2008), 'Genetic polymorphisms of 16 Y chromosomal STR loci in Korean population.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 2(2):e9-10 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Seong KM., Yoo SY., Hwang JH., Kim SH., Chung KW. and Cho NS. (2011), 'Population genetic polymorphisms of 17 Y-chromosomal STR loci in South Koreans.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(5):e122-3 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Kim SH., Han MS., Kim W. and Kim W. (2010), 'Y chromosome homogeneity in the Korean population.', Int J Legal Med 124(6):653-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Guo F., Song L. and Zhang L. (2016), 'Population genetics for 17 Y-STR loci in Korean ethnic minority from Liaoning Province, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 22:e9-e11 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Ou X., Wang Y., Liu C., Yang D., Zhang C., Deng S. and Sun H. (2015), 'Haplotype analysis of the polymorphic 40 Y-STR markers in Chinese populations', Forensic Sci. Int. Genet 19:255-262 [Link] [DOI]
  • Han Y., Li L., Liu X., Chen W., Yang S., Wei L., Xia M., Ma T., Jin L. and Li S. (2016), 'Genetic analysis of 17 Y-STR loci in Han and Korean populations from Jilin Province, Northeast China.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 22:8-10 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Xuan JF., Adnan A., Ali R., Xing JX., Yao J. and Wang BJ. (2018), 'Population genetics of 19 Y‐STR loci in Yanbian Korean samples from China', Annals of Human Genetics 83(3):134-140 [DOI]
  • Wang J., Ding G., Zhang Y., Qi J., Mo X., Li W., Zhao X., Ye J. and Zhang J. (2021), 'Genetic polymorphism and correlative analysis of 29 y-str loci of korean-ethnic population in Tonghua area', Forensic Science and Technology 46(4):401-7 [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005725, YA005511, YA005496, YA005297
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here