Information on the African - African American Metapopulation

The African American Metapopulation (African - African American) consists of 13,237 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 13 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (9 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
224 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,14
177 15 13 31 21 10 11 13 16,17
98 14 13 29 23 11 13 13 11,14
83 15 13 30 21 10 11 14 15,16
82 15 13 31 21 10 11 13 16,16
78 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,15
75 17 13 30 21 10 11 13 17,18
72 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 11,14
71 14 14 30 24 11 13 13 11,14
68 15 13 31 21 11 11 13 16,17
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
90 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
47 10 13 11 31 11 14 15 11 13 21 16,17
47 10 13 12 30 11 13 17 11 13 21 17,18
46 10 13 12 31 11 14 15 11 13 21 16,17
36 11 12 11 28 11 15 14 11 13 25 14,15
35 10 13 12 30 11 13 17 11 13 21 18,18
35 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 23 11,14
33 10 12 11 28 11 15 14 11 13 25 14,14
33 11 13 11 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
32 11 14 12 30 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
16 16 13 21 30 16 17 18,18 13 10 12 22 11 11 13 11 21
16 17 14 21 31 17 17 17,19 15 10 12 21 11 11 14 11 21
13 16 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
12 15 14 23 29 17 15 13,17 13 10 11 20 14 11 14 9 19
12 16 13 21 30 15 16 16,20 15 10 12 21 11 11 14 11 20
11 15 12 25 28 17 14 14,14 13 10 11 23 11 11 15 11 19
10 14 13 21 30 16 17 18,18 14 10 12 21 11 11 14 11 21
10 15 12 25 28 17 14 14,15 13 11 11 23 11 11 15 11 19
9 15 13 21 31 16 15 16,17 13 10 11 21 11 12 14 11 21
9 15 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
8 15 14 19 29 15 10 21 12 11 9 14 16 20 23 11 14 10 13 17 13,17 15 11
4 14 13 21 30 15 10 28 11 11 11 14 17 22 21 11 11 12 14 16 15,19 15 12
4 16 13 21 30 16 10 26 11 11 10 14 18 21 21 11 11 13 15 16 18,18 16 10
4 18 14 21 31 17 11 27 11 11 11 14 16 21 21 12 11 14 15 17 18,18 15 10
3 14 13 21 30 15 10 29 11 11 11 14 19 20 21 12 11 14 15 15 13,19 15 12
3 15 12 19 28 14 11 26 12 11 11 15 19 23 25 11 11 12 13 17 14,15 15 11
3 15 13 21 30 15 11 28 11 11 11 14 18 21 21 11 11 14 13 16 16,16 15 12
3 15 13 21 32 15 10 28 11 11 11 14 18 21 21 12 11 13 13 17 15,16 15 12
3 16 13 19 29 14 10 22 13 12 12 15 17 23 24 13 13 10 13 17 11,15 16 12
3 16 13 20 31 11 10 24 12 11 11 14 20 21 24 12 12 13 13 13 16,18 15 12
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
4 15 14 20 29 17 10 17 15 11 19 10 15 23 9 14 34 16 14 13,17 35 13 11 21 38,38 11
2 15 12 21 30 21 10 16 15 12 21 10 16 21 11 11 39 20 14 17,18 29 13 12 26 36,39 11
2 15 12 24 28 24 11 18 14 11 19 11 15 25 11 11 42 19 14 14,20 28 13 11 25 38,38 13
2 15 13 20 30 23 10 17 15 12 21 11 17 21 11 11 40 19 14 16,17 31 13 12 29 37,38 11
2 15 13 21 30 18 12 15 17 11 21 10 14 21 11 11 40 18 14 17,18 31 14 12 24 37,40 11
2 15 13 21 31 19 10 17 16 11 21 10 15 21 11 11 39 21 14 16,16 32 14 11 25 35,40 12
2 15 13 21 31 19 11 18 15 12 21 10 14 21 11 11 38 18 14 16,18 30 13 12 28 37,39 11
2 15 13 21 31 20 10 17 16 11 21 10 15 21 12 11 40 17 14 16,16 33 14 13 24 37,40 11
2 15 13 21 32 20 10 17 15 12 21 10 15 21 11 11 40 18 14 15,16 29 13 12 28 37,37 11
2 15 14 20 29 17 10 17 15 11 19 10 15 23 9 14 35 16 14 13,17 35 13 11 21 38,38 11
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS439 DYS438 DYS437 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS576 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS570 DYS643 DYS627 DYS460 DYS518 DYS449 DYF387S1
4 15 14 29 23 10 14 13 13,17 11 9 14 15 17 20 11 19 15 21 12 11 16 10 17 10 34 35 38,38
2 11 13 32 24 10 12 13 16,18 12 11 14 15 14 21 12 21 17 22 12 11 19 13 23 10 41 32 37,38
2 14 12 28 25 11 11 13 14,20 11 11 14 15 18 24 11 19 15 25 12 13 19 11 24 11 42 28 38,38
2 14 13 29 23 11 13 13 11,16 11 12 15 17 16 23 11 19 17 22 12 12 17 10 21 11 38 28 35,37
2 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 11,15 13 12 15 16 17 23 12 19 16 22 13 12 17 10 23 10 37 29 35,36
2 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 12,14 11 12 15 15 17 23 12 19 17 22 12 12 20 10 21 10 39 27 36,37
2 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,14 12 12 15 16 18 23 12 19 18 22 13 12 17 10 22 10 39 29 34,38
2 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,14 12 12 15 17 17 23 11 19 18 22 13 12 18 10 21 11 39 29 35,36
2 15 12 29 21 10 11 15 17,17 12 11 14 15 17 22 11 21 16 25 12 11 17 13 18 11 38 32 38,38
2 15 12 29 24 10 11 12 14,16 13 9 16 13 16 22 11 19 16 23 14 12 17 9 20 11 36 29 37,38

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
46
EM converged
true
EM iterations
37
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 381,218
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 14 12 16 25 10 11 13
2 14 12 16 25 11 11 13
3 14 13 16 24 11 13 13
4 14 13 16 23 11 13 13
5 14 13 16 24 10 13 13
6 14 13 17 24 11 13 13
7 14 14 16 24 11 13 13
8 14 13 17 24 10 13 13
9 15 13 17 25 10 11 13
10 15 13 18 21 10 11 13
11 15 13 17 21 10 11 14
12 15 14 17 23 10 12 15
13 15 13 18 21 10 11 14
14 15 13 18 21 11 11 13
15 15 13 19 21 10 11 13
16 15 14 18 21 10 11 13
17 16 13 18 24 10 11 13
18 16 13 18 21 10 11 13
19 16 13 17 21 10 11 14
20 16 13 17 21 10 11 15
21 16 14 17 22 10 11 13
22 17 14 17 21 10 11 14
23 17 12 18 22 10 12 12
24 17 13 17 21 10 11 15
25 17 13 17 21 10 11 13
26 17 13 17 21 10 11 14
27 17 13 18 21 10 11 14
28 17 14 17 21 10 11 15
29 15 12 17 22 10 11 14
30 14 13 16 23 10 13 13
31 15 12 17 22 10 11 13
32 15 13 17 21 10 11 13
33 15 13 16 23 10 11 13
34 15 14 17 21 10 11 14
35 15 14 15 23 10 14 13
36 16 13 18 21 10 11 14
37 16 13 17 21 10 11 13
38 15 13 17 21 11 11 13
39 14 12 16 22 10 11 13
40 14 12 16 23 10 11 13
41 14 13 17 23 10 11 12
42 15 13 17 21 10 11 15
43 14 13 16 25 11 13 13
44 13 13 17 24 10 11 13
45 15 13 17 21 11 11 14
46 11 13 18 24 10 12 13

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Y17)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
41
EM converged
true
EM iterations
60
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 64,779,216
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 16 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 13 21 15 16 21 11
2 16 13 18 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 21 15 18 21 11
3 15 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 20 16 16 22 11
4 15 13 18 21 10 11 13 14 11 12 21 15 17 21 12
5 14 12 16 25 11 11 13 15 11 11 19 15 17 23 11
6 16 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 11 21 15 17 21 11
7 15 13 18 21 10 11 13 14 11 11 21 15 16 21 12
8 15 13 16 23 10 14 13 14 9 11 19 15 17 21 11
9 15 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 20 15 18 21 11
10 15 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 21 15 16 21 11
11 16 13 17 21 10 11 15 14 11 12 21 16 16 21 11
12 15 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 20 15 17 23 11
13 15 13 18 21 10 11 13 14 11 12 21 15 18 21 12
14 15 13 18 21 10 11 13 14 11 12 21 15 16 21 12
15 15 13 17 21 10 11 13 14 11 11 21 15 17 22 12
16 14 12 16 22 10 11 13 16 10 11 20 14 15 21 11
17 15 12 17 22 10 11 13 16 10 12 20 15 17 20 12
18 17 13 17 21 10 11 15 14 11 12 21 15 16 21 11
19 17 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 21 15 16 21 11
20 15 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 11 20 15 19 22 11
21 14 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 11 20 15 17 22 11
22 14 13 16 24 10 13 13 15 12 12 19 15 18 24 12
23 11 13 18 24 10 12 13 14 11 12 21 15 13 21 12
24 17 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 21 17 16 21 11
25 17 13 17 21 10 11 13 13 11 12 21 16 16 21 11
26 17 14 17 21 10 11 15 14 11 12 21 16 17 21 11
27 14 12 16 23 10 11 13 16 10 11 20 14 16 22 11
28 15 13 18 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 21 13 17 17 11
29 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 17 23 12
30 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 18 23 12
31 16 14 17 22 10 11 13 14 11 12 21 15 16 21 10
32 17 13 17 21 10 11 13 13 11 12 21 17 14 21 11
33 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 15 17 23 12
34 14 13 16 23 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 17 17 23 11
35 16 12 17 22 11 11 13 17 8 11 20 16 17 22 9
36 14 14 17 20 11 11 14 14 11 12 15 12 15 17 10
37 13 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 16 15 22 12
38 15 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 15 23 12
39 15 14 17 23 10 12 14 14 10 11 20 15 15 21 11
40 15 13 16 24 10 12 15 15 10 11 20 14 16 19 11
41 14 13 16 25 11 14 13 15 12 12 18 17 17 23 12

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

Population studies

  • Yunis JJ., Acevedo LE., Campo DS. and Yunis EJ. (2005), 'Population data of Y-STR minimal haplotypes in a sample of Caucasian-Mestizo and African descent individuals of Colombia.', Forensic Sci Int 151(2-3):307-13 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • González-Andrade F., Roewer L., Willuweit S., Sánchez D. and Martínez-Jarreta B. (2009), 'Y-STR variation among ethnic groups from Ecuador: Mestizos, Kichwas, Afro-Ecuadorians and Waoranis.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 3(3):e83-91 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Kayser M., Brauer S., Schädlich H., Prinz M., Batzer MA., Zimmerman PA., Boatin BA. and Stoneking M. (2003), 'Y chromosome STR haplotypes and the genetic structure of U.S. populations of African, European, and Hispanic ancestry.', Genome Res 13(4):624-34 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Frank WE., Ellinger ER. and Krishack PA. (2006), 'Y chromosome STR haplotypes and allele frequencies in Illinois Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic males.', J Forensic Sci 51(5):1207-15 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Aliferi A., Thomson J., McDonald A., Molin V., Ferguson S., Vanhinsbergh D., Syndercombe D. and Ballard D. (2018), 'UK and Irish Y-STR population data—A catalogue of variant alleles', For Sci Int Genetics 34:e1-6 [Link] [DOI]
  • Steffen CR., Huszar TI., Borsuk LA., Vallone PM. and Gettings KB. (2022), 'A multi-dimensional evaluation of the ‘NIST 1032’ sample set across four forensic Y-STR multiplexes', For Sci Int Genet Epub ahead of print:In press [DOI]
  • Domingues PM., Gusmão L., Silva D., Amorim A., Pereira RW. and Carvalho D. (2007), 'Sub-Saharan Africa descendents in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil): population and mutational data for 12 Y-STR loci.', Int J Legal Med 121(3):238-41 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Góis CC., Martins JA., Pereira GA., Freschi A., Paneto GG., Alvarenga VL., Cicarelli RM., Hirata MH. and Oliveira RN. (2008), 'Genetic population data of 12 STR loci of the PowerPlex Y system in the state of São Paulo population (Southeast of Brazil).', Forensic Sci Int 174(1):81-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Budowle B., Ge J., Aranda XG., Planz JV., Eisenberg AJ. and Chakraborty R. (2009), 'Texas population substructure and its impact on estimating the rarity of Y STR haplotypes from DNA evidence*.', J Forensic Sci 54(5):1016-21 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Xu H., Wang CC., Shrestha R., Wang LX., Zhang M., He Y., Kidd JR., Kidd KK., Jin L. and Li H. (2015), 'Inferring population structure and demographic history using Y‐STR data from worldwide populations', Mol Genet Genomics 290(1):141-50 [DOI]
  • Pignone ML., Manzella AM., Galusha M., Le J. and Moreno LI. (2022), 'Y-STR Sample Haplotypes From Five United States of America Population Groups', Forensic Science International: Reports 100274:In press [DOI]
  • Simms TM., Wright MR., Martinez E., Regueiro M., McCartney Q. and Herrera RJ. (2013), 'Y-STR diversity and sex-biased gene flow among Caribbean populations', Gene 516(1):82-92 [DOI]
  • Purps J., Siegert S., Willuweit S., Nagy M., Alves C., Salazar R., Angustia SM., Santos LH., Anslinger K., Bayer B., Ayub Q., Wei W., Xue Y., Tyler-Smith C., Bafalluy MB., Martínez-Jarreta B., Egyed B., Balitzki B., Tschumi S., Ballard D., Court DS., Barrantes X., Bäßler G., Wiest T., Berger B., Niederstätter H., Parson W., Davis C., Budowle B., Burri H., Borer U., Koller C., Carvalho EF., Domingues PM., Chamoun WT., Coble MD., Hill CR., Corach D., Caputo M., D'Amato ME., Davison S., Decorte R., Larmuseau MH., Ottoni C., Rickards O., Lu D., Jiang C., Dobosz T., Jonkisz A., Frank WE., Furac I., Gehrig C., Castella V., Grskovic B., Haas C., Wobst J., Hadzic G., Drobnic K., Honda K., Hou Y., Zhou D., Li Y., Hu S., Chen S., Immel UD., Lessig R., Jakovski Z., Ilievska T., Klann AE., García CC., Knijff D., Kraaijenbrink T., Kondili A., Miniati P., Vouropoulou M., Kovacevic L., Marjanovic D., Lindner I., Mansour I., Al-Azem M., Andari AE., Marino M., Furfuro S., Locarno L., Martín P., Luque GM., Alonso A., Miranda LS., Moreira H., Mizuno N., Iwashima Y., Neto RS., Nogueira TL., Silva R., Nastainczyk-Wulf M., Edelmann J., Kohl M., Nie S., Wang X., Cheng B., Núñez C., Pancorbo MM., Olofsson JK., Morling N., Onofri V., Tagliabracci A., Pamjav H., Volgyi A., Barany G., Pawlowski R., Maciejewska A., Pelotti S., Pepinski W., Abreu-Glowacka M., Phillips C., Cárdenas J., Rey-Gonzalez D., Salas A., Brisighelli F., Capelli C., Toscanini U., Piccinini A., Piglionica M., Baldassarra SL., Ploski R., Konarzewska M., Jastrzebska E., Robino C., Sajantila A., Palo JU., Guevara E., Salvador J., Ungria MC., Rodriguez JJ., Schmidt U., Schlauderer N., Saukko P., Schneider PM., Sirker M., Shin KJ., Oh YN., Skitsa I., Ampati A., Smith TG., Calvit LS., Stenzl V., Capal T., Tillmar A., Nilsson H., Turrina S., Leo D., Verzeletti A., Cortellini V., Wetton JH., Gwynne GM., Jobling MA., Whittle MR., Sumita DR., Wolańska-Nowak P., Yong RY., Krawczak M., Nothnagel M. and Roewer L. (2014), 'A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 12:12-23 [PubMed] [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005818, YA005408, YA005570, YA005774, YA005795, YA005266, YA005207, YA005260, YA005840, YA005883, YA005154, YA005535, YA005615
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here