Information on the Eurasian - European - Eastern European Metapopulation

The Eastern European Metapopulation (Eurasian - European - Eastern European) consists of 18,163 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 31 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (24 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
534 17 13 30 25 10 11 13 10,14
503 16 13 29 25 10 11 13 11,14
367 16 13 30 25 10 11 13 11,14
274 16 13 30 25 11 11 13 11,14
238 16 13 31 24 11 11 13 14,15
180 15 13 30 25 11 11 13 11,14
164 15 13 29 25 10 11 13 11,14
146 16 13 30 25 10 11 13 10,14
145 15 13 30 25 10 11 13 11,14
138 16 13 30 25 11 11 13 11,15
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
295 10 13 10 30 11 14 17 11 13 25 10,14
261 10 13 11 29 11 14 16 11 13 25 11,14
138 10 13 10 30 11 14 16 11 13 25 11,14
116 11 13 10 30 11 14 16 11 13 25 11,14
88 11 13 10 30 11 14 15 11 13 25 11,14
82 11 13 13 31 10 15 16 11 13 24 14,15
78 10 13 11 30 11 14 16 11 13 25 11,14
75 10 13 10 30 11 14 16 11 13 25 10,14
73 10 13 11 29 11 14 15 11 13 25 11,14
70 10 13 10 30 11 14 15 11 13 25 11,14
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
66 17 13 25 29 16 16 11,14 13 10 11 23 11 12 14 11 20
59 16 13 25 30 16 17 10,14 13 10 10 23 11 12 14 11 20
39 16 13 25 30 17 17 10,14 13 10 10 23 11 12 14 11 20
26 16 13 25 29 16 16 11,14 13 10 11 23 11 12 14 11 20
23 15 13 25 30 15 16 11,15 13 11 10 24 11 13 14 11 20
22 15 13 25 30 16 17 10,14 13 10 10 23 11 12 14 11 20
20 16 13 25 30 17 15 12,14 13 11 10 24 11 12 14 12 20
20 17 13 25 29 16 16 11,14 13 10 12 23 11 12 14 11 20
19 16 13 25 30 15 16 11,14 13 10 10 23 11 13 14 11 20
19 16 13 25 30 16 16 10,14 13 10 10 23 11 12 14 11 20
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
3 13 12 20 30 17 11 23 12 12 11 14 18 23 25 10 11 10 13 14 11,14 15 13
3 18 13 20 29 15 10 25 12 12 11 14 19 23 24 11 11 10 13 16 11,14 17 12
3 18 13 20 29 16 10 25 12 12 11 14 19 23 25 11 11 10 13 16 11,14 17 12
3 18 13 20 30 17 10 25 12 12 11 14 19 23 25 11 11 10 13 16 10,14 16 12
3 18 13 20 31 16 11 31 11 13 11 15 18 23 24 12 11 10 13 16 15,15 16 11
2 16 13 19 28 15 10 20 11 11 10 14 20 22 24 10 14 11 14 17 11,14 14 12
2 16 13 19 29 15 10 20 11 11 10 14 18 21 23 10 14 11 14 19 11,13 16 12
2 16 13 19 29 15 11 20 11 11 10 14 20 23 23 10 14 10 14 17 11,14 14 12
2 16 13 20 30 13 11 22 12 12 10 14 21 21 24 12 11 12 13 17 16,18 15 12
2 16 14 19 30 14 11 21 11 11 10 14 17 23 23 10 14 11 14 18 11,12 14 11
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
3 18 13 23 29 16 11 16 16 12 20 10 17 25 11 11 43 19 14 11,14 32 13 11 25 38,38 12
3 18 13 23 30 18 11 16 17 12 20 10 16 25 11 11 41 19 14 14,14 31 13 10 25 36,38 12
2 16 12 21 28 19 10 15 14 11 20 10 14 23 10 11 37 21 16 14,14 28 13 11 25 37,39 11
2 16 13 24 30 16 11 14 15 13 20 12 16 24 11 11 38 18 14 11,14 32 13 10 23 37,38 12
2 16 14 23 30 21 10 17 15 12 18 11 13 23 10 14 38 18 14 11,13 27 14 10 20 35,35 11
2 17 12 23 29 19 10 16 14 11 20 10 14 23 10 11 41 20 16 14,14 28 13 11 25 37,38 11
2 17 14 23 31 16 11 15 16 13 20 10 16 26 11 11 42 17 14 11,14 31 13 10 23 36,36 12
2 18 13 22 31 20 10 16 16 11 20 11 15 24 10 11 40 19 15 14,15 33 13 12 28 38,39 12
2 18 13 23 30 16 11 15 15 12 20 10 16 25 11 11 42 17 14 11,14 34 13 11 22 38,38 12
2 18 13 23 31 20 10 17 15 11 20 11 15 24 10 11 40 19 15 14,15 32 13 13 30 38,39 12

 There are no Ymax haplotypes or all haplotypes are singletons.

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
51
EM converged
true
EM iterations
71
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 449,659
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 13 13 17 24 10 11 13
2 13 14 17 24 10 11 13
3 14 12 16 22 10 11 13
4 14 13 16 24 10 13 13
5 14 13 16 23 10 13 13
6 15 13 17 24 11 11 13
7 14 13 17 24 11 13 12
8 14 14 16 23 11 14 14
9 15 13 17 25 11 11 13
10 14 12 16 22 11 12 13
11 15 13 16 23 11 14 14
12 15 12 17 22 10 11 14
13 15 13 16 25 11 11 13
14 15 13 16 23 10 11 14
15 15 13 17 25 10 11 13
16 15 13 18 24 11 11 13
17 15 13 18 25 11 11 13
18 16 13 18 25 10 11 13
19 15 14 16 22 10 11 12
20 15 14 16 23 11 14 14
21 16 13 16 25 11 11 13
22 16 13 17 24 10 11 13
23 16 13 17 25 11 11 13
24 16 13 18 24 11 11 13
25 16 13 16 25 10 11 13
26 16 14 17 25 11 11 13
27 17 14 17 25 10 11 13
28 17 13 18 24 11 11 13
29 17 13 17 25 11 11 13
30 16 13 17 25 10 11 13
31 14 13 16 25 11 13 13
32 16 13 17 24 11 11 13
33 17 13 17 25 10 11 13
34 15 13 16 25 10 11 13
35 16 13 18 25 11 11 13
36 14 12 16 23 10 11 13
37 14 13 16 23 11 13 13
38 14 13 16 23 10 11 12
39 14 13 16 23 10 14 13
40 17 13 18 25 11 11 13
41 16 13 19 24 11 11 13
42 14 13 16 24 11 13 13
43 14 13 17 23 10 11 12
44 15 14 17 23 10 12 14
45 16 13 16 24 10 11 13
46 16 13 18 24 10 11 13
47 17 13 16 25 10 11 13
48 13 13 18 24 10 11 13
49 15 12 16 24 10 11 12
50 17 13 17 24 10 11 13
51 17 13 18 25 10 11 13

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Y17)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
34
EM converged
true
EM iterations
57
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 62,921,218
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 15 13 16 23 11 14 14 14 10 10 19 14 17 22 12
2 16 13 18 24 11 11 13 15 10 13 20 15 17 23 11
3 15 14 16 23 11 14 14 14 10 10 19 13 17 21 12
4 16 13 17 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 15 23 12
5 15 14 16 22 10 11 12 14 9 11 19 15 18 20 12
6 16 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 16 23 12
7 14 13 16 24 10 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 17 23 12
8 14 13 17 24 11 13 12 15 12 12 19 16 16 23 12
9 15 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 17 15 23 12
10 13 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 16 15 22 12
11 15 13 16 25 10 11 13 14 11 11 20 17 16 23 12
12 15 13 17 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 15 23 13
13 14 12 16 23 10 11 13 16 10 11 20 14 15 22 11
14 16 13 16 25 10 11 13 14 11 11 20 16 16 23 12
15 16 13 17 25 11 11 13 14 11 11 20 16 16 23 13
16 14 14 16 23 11 14 14 14 10 10 19 14 17 22 12
17 16 13 18 24 11 11 13 15 10 12 20 15 17 23 11
18 16 13 17 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 15 24 13
19 17 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 16 23 12
20 16 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 15 23 13
21 15 12 17 22 10 11 14 16 10 11 21 15 17 21 12
22 16 13 16 25 10 11 13 14 11 11 20 17 16 23 12
23 17 13 18 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 14 23 13
24 14 13 16 23 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 15 17 23 12
25 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 11 19 16 17 23 12
26 14 13 16 24 10 13 13 15 12 12 19 15 17 23 11
27 14 13 17 23 10 11 12 15 9 11 20 15 17 22 11
28 14 12 16 22 10 11 13 16 10 11 20 14 15 21 11
29 15 13 17 23 10 12 14 14 10 11 20 15 16 21 11
30 17 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 17 23 12
31 13 13 18 23 10 12 13 14 10 10 18 15 16 24 12
32 15 13 17 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 17 24 12
33 15 12 16 24 10 11 12 16 9 12 19 13 16 21 11
34 14 13 16 23 10 11 12 15 9 11 21 15 15 21 11

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

Population studies

  • Roewer L., Willuweit S., Krüger C., Nagy M., Rychkov S., Morozowa I., Naumova O., Schneider Y., Zhukova O., Stoneking M. and Nasidze I. (2008), 'Analysis of Y chromosome STR haplotypes in the European part of Russia reveals high diversities but non-significant genetic distances between populations.', Int J Legal Med 122(3):219-23 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Xu H., Wang CC., Shrestha R., Wang LX., Zhang M., He Y., Kidd JR., Kidd KK., Jin L. and Li H. (2015), 'Inferring population structure and demographic history using Y‐STR data from worldwide populations', Mol Genet Genomics 290(1):141-50 [DOI]
  • Pepinski W., Niemcunowicz-Janica A., Ptaszynska-Sarosiek I., Skawronska M., Koc-Zorawska E., Janica J. and Soltyszewski I. (2004), 'Population genetics of Y-chromosome STRs in a population of Podlasie, Northeastern Poland.', Forensic Sci Int 144(1):77-82 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Pepinski W., Niemcunowicz-Janica A., Skawronska M., Koc-Zorawska E., Janica J. and Soltyszewski I. (2004), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotypes in a population sample of the Byelorussian minority living in the northeastern Poland.', Forensic Sci Int 140(1):117-21 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Pepinski W., Skawronska M., Niemcunowicz-Janica A., Ptaszynska-Sarosiek I., Koc-Zorawska E., Janica J. and Berent JA. (2005), 'Population genetics of Y-chromosome STRs in a population sample of the Lithuanian minority residing in the northeastern Poland.', Forensic Sci Int 153(2-3):264-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Pepinski W., Niemcunowicz-Janica A., Skawronska M., Koc-Zorawska E., Janica J. and Soltyszewski I. (2004), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotypes and alleles in the population sample of Old Believers residing in the Northeastern Poland.', Forensic Sci Int 143(1):65-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Rebała K., Mikulich AI., Tsybovsky IS., Siváková D., Dzupinková Z., Szczerkowska-Dobosz A. and Szczerkowska Z. (2007), 'Y-STR variation among Slavs: evidence for the Slavic homeland in the middle Dnieper basin.', J Hum Genet 52(5):406-14 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Ploski R., Wozniak M., Pawlowski R., Monies DM., Branicki W., Kupiec T., Kloosterman A., Dobosz T., Bosch E., Nowak M., Lessig R., Jobling MA., Roewer L. and Kayser M. (2002), 'Homogeneity and distinctiveness of Polish paternal lineages revealed by Y chromosome microsatellite haplotype analysis.', Hum Genet 110(6):592-600 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Zastera J., Roewer L., Willuweit S., Sekerka P., Benesova L. and Minarik M. (2010), 'Assembly of a large Y-STR haplotype database for the Czech population and investigation of its substructure.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(3):e75-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Pawłowski R. and Dettlaff-Kakol A. (2003), 'Population data of nine Y-chromosomal STR loci in northern Poland.', Forensic Sci Int 131(2-3):209-13 [PubMed]
  • Rebała K. and Szczerkowska Z. (2005), 'Polish population study on Y chromosome haplotypes defined by 18 STR loci.', Int J Legal Med 119(5):303-5 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Rodig H., Grum M. and Grimmecke HD. (2007), 'Population study and evaluation of 20 Y-chromosome STR loci in Germans.', Int J Legal Med 121(1):24-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Sterlinko H., Pajnic IZ., Balazic J. and Komel R. (2001), 'Human Y-specific STR haplotypes in a Slovenian population sample.', Forensic Sci Int 120(3):226-8 [PubMed]
  • Mielnik-Sikorska M., Daca P., Woźniak M., Malyarchuk BA., Bednarek J., Dobosz T. and Grzybowski T. (2013), 'Genetic data from Y chromosome STR and SNP loci in Ukrainian population.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 7(1):200-3 [PubMed]
  • Rosser ZH., Zerjal T., Hurles ME., Adojaan M., Alavantic D., Amorim A., Amos W., Armenteros M., Arroyo E., Barbujani G., Beckman G., Beckman L., Bertranpetit J., Bosch E., Bradley DG., Brede G., Cooper G., Côrte-Real HB., Knijff D., Decorte R., Dubrova YE., Evgrafov O., Gilissen A., Glisic S., Gölge M., Hill EW., Jeziorowska A., Kalaydjieva L., Kayser M., Kivisild T., Kravchenko SA., Krumina A., Kucinskas V., Lavinha J., Livshits LA., Malaspina P., Maria S., McElreavey K., Meitinger TA., Mikelsaar AV., Mitchell RJ., Nafa K., Nicholson J., Nørby S., Pandya A., Parik J., Patsalis PC., Pereira L., Peterlin B., Pielberg G., Prata MJ., Previderé C., Roewer L., Rootsi S., Rubinsztein DC., Saillard J., Santos FR., Stefanescu G., Sykes BC., Tolun A., Villems R., Tyler-Smith C. and Jobling MA. (2000), 'Y-chromosomal diversity in Europe is clinal and influenced primarily by geography, rather than by language.', Am J Hum Genet 67(6):1526-43 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Rebała K., Tsybovsky IS., Bogacheva AV., Kotova SA., Mikulich AI. and Szczerkowska Z. (2011), 'Forensic analysis of polymorphism and regional stratification of Y-chromosomal microsatellites in Belarus.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(1):e17-20 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Lessig R. and Edelmann J. (2001), 'Population data of Y-chromosomal STRs in Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian males.', Forensic Sci Int 120(3):223-5 [PubMed]
  • Lessig R., Edelmann J., Kleemann WJ. and Kozhemyako V. (2006), 'Population data of Y-chromosomal STRs in Russian males of the Primorye region population.', Forensic Sci Int 159(1):71-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Wolańska-Nowak P., Branicki W., Parys-Proszek A. and Kupiec T. (2009), 'A population data for 17 Y-chromosome STR loci in South Poland population sample--some DYS458.2 variants uncovered and sequenced.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(1):e43-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Kornienko IV., Bondarenko EV., Mikhalkovich LS., Moliarchuk BA. and Kotova EN. (2009), 'Polymorphism of Y-chromosomal microsatellites in Russian population from Southern Federal district of the Russian Federation', Genetika 45(1):132-6
  • Petrejčíková E., Soták M., Bernasovská J., Bernasovský I., Rębała K., Sovičová A., Boroňová I., Bôžiková A., Gabriková D., Svíčková P., Mačeková S., Carnogurská J., Lohaj R. and Vlček D. (2011), 'Allele frequencies and population data for 11 Y-chromosome STRs in samples from Eastern Slovakia.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(3):e53-62 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Martínez-Cruz B., Mendizabal I., Harmant C., Pablo D., Ioana M., Angelicheva D., Kouvatsi A., Makukh H., Netea MG., Pamjav H., Zalán A., Tournev I., Marushiakova E., Popov V., Bertranpetit J., Kalaydjieva L., Quintana-Murci L., Comas D. and Genographic-Consortium (2016), 'Origins, admixture and founder lineages in European Roma', Eur J Hum Genet 24(6):937-43 [DOI]
  • Bembea M., Patocs A., Kozma K., Jurca C. and Skrypnyk C. (2011), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotype diversity in three ethnically isolated population from North-Western Romania.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(3):e99-100 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Veselinovic I., Petric G. and Vapa D. (2014), 'Genetic polymorphism of 17 Y chromosomal STRs in the Rusyn population sample from Vojvodina Province, Serbia.', Int J Legal Med 128(2):273-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Ruzgaitė G., Čaplinskienė M., Baranovienė R., Jankauskienė J., Kukienė J., Savanevskytė K. and Bunokienė D. (2015), 'Forensic application of Y-chromosomal STR analysis in Lithuanian population', Biologija 61(2) 61(2):60-72
  • Jankauskiene J., Kukiene J., Ivanova V. and Aleknaviciute G. (2017), 'Population data and forensic genetic evaluation with the Yfiler™ Plus PCR Amplification kit in the Lithuanian population', Forensic Science International Genetics Supplement Series 6:e606-607 [DOI]
  • Trynova EG., Tsitovich TN., Vylegzhanina EY., Bandurenko NA. and Parson W. (2011), 'Presentation of 17 Y-chromosomal STRs in the population of the Sverdlovsk region.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(3):e101-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Spólnicka M., Dąbrowska J., Szabłowska-Gnap E., Pałeczka A., Jabłońska M., Zbieć-Piekarska R., Pięta A., Boroń M., Konarzewska M., Kostrzewa G., Płoski R., Rogalla U., Woźniak M. and Grzybowski T. (2017), 'Intra- and inter-population analysis of haplotype diversity in Yfiler® Plus system using a wide set of representative data from Polish population', For Sci Int Genet 28:e22–e25 [DOI]
  • Semikhodskii A., Krassotkin Y., Makarova T., Zavarin V., Ilina V. and Sutyagina D. (2021), 'Population genetic data and forensic parameters of the 27 Y-STR panel Yfiler® Plus in Russian population', Int J Legal Med 135:1785–7 [DOI]
  • Pamjav H., Á F., Fehér T. and Fóthi E. (2017), 'A study of the Bodrogköz population in north-eastern Hungary by Y chromosomal haplotypes and haplogroups.', Mol Genet Genomics 292(4):883-894 [Link] [DOI]
  • Stange VS., Silva R., Mariano F., Lima M., Mayumi C., De F., De E., Madeira A., Drumond I. and Gusmão L. (2019), 'Stratification among European descent and admixed Brazilian populations of Espírito Santo for 27 Y-STRs', For Sci Int Genet 41:e20-e22 [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005466, YA005108, YA005985, YA005379, YA005839, YA005548, YA005285, YA005268, YA005625, YA005361, YA005810, YA005594, YA005160, YA005649, YA005467, YA005122, YA005710, YA005007, YA005697, YA005929, YA005109, YA005396, YA005299, YA005483
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here