Information on the Eurasian - European - South-Eastern European Metapopulation

The South-Eastern European Metapopulation (Eurasian - European - South-Eastern European) consists of 9,844 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 36 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (8 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
331 16 13 31 24 11 11 13 14,15
247 13 13 30 24 10 11 13 16,18
121 15 13 31 24 11 11 13 14,15
119 16 13 30 24 11 11 13 14,15
88 16 13 29 25 10 11 13 11,14
87 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,11
87 16 13 31 24 10 11 13 14,15
85 14 12 28 23 10 11 13 13,14
80 16 13 30 25 10 11 13 11,14
75 16 13 32 24 11 11 13 14,15
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
133 11 13 13 31 10 15 16 11 13 24 14,15
122 10 13 12 30 10 14 13 11 13 24 16,18
94 11 13 12 31 10 15 16 11 13 24 14,15
57 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,11
55 11 13 13 31 10 15 15 11 13 24 14,15
51 10 13 11 29 11 14 16 11 13 25 11,14
50 11 13 13 30 10 15 16 11 13 24 14,15
48 10 13 10 30 11 14 16 11 13 25 11,14
47 10 14 11 30 9 14 15 11 12 22 15,17
40 11 13 12 30 10 15 16 11 13 24 14,15
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
29 15 14 22 30 18 15 15,17 12 10 11 20 11 12 14 9 19
26 15 13 24 29 16 14 11,11 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
21 15 13 24 31 17 16 14,15 13 11 13 23 11 11 15 10 19
19 15 13 24 31 18 16 14,15 13 11 13 23 11 11 15 10 19
18 17 13 25 29 16 16 11,14 13 10 11 23 11 12 14 11 20
17 15 13 24 31 17 16 14,15 13 11 12 23 11 11 15 10 19
13 15 13 24 29 15 14 11,11 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
12 14 12 23 28 16 15 15,19 12 10 12 21 12 12 14 9 19
12 15 13 24 30 18 16 14,15 13 11 13 23 11 11 15 10 19
12 15 13 24 31 17 16 14,15 13 11 12 22 11 11 15 10 19
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
4 15 13 20 30 15 10 22 11 11 9 15 15 20 23 11 11 10 12 16 13,15 15 11
4 17 14 18 30 16 11 24 12 11 11 15 13 24 22 13 11 13 13 18 12,13 15 13
4 19 14 19 30 15 10 23 13 12 9 14 16 20 22 11 11 9 12 18 15,17 15 12
3 15 12 22 29 15 10 21 12 10 10 16 17 21 22 10 11 12 14 16 13,14 15 11
3 16 12 21 28 14 9 22 12 12 9 14 18 22 23 14 11 10 12 14 13,16 16 12
3 16 13 19 29 14 11 22 13 13 12 15 17 24 24 13 13 10 13 16 12,15 16 12
3 16 13 20 30 13 10 22 12 12 10 14 20 21 25 12 11 12 13 16 16,18 16 12
3 16 13 20 30 13 11 22 12 12 10 14 21 21 24 11 11 12 13 16 16,18 15 12
3 16 14 19 31 14 10 21 14 13 9 14 17 21 23 11 13 10 13 17 14,16 16 10
3 16 14 20 30 15 10 25 11 11 10 14 18 22 22 10 13 12 14 16 14,16 14 11
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
2 16 12 21 28 20 11 16 14 12 19 10 13 24 9 11 39 16 16 14,18 29 12 12 23 37,38 12
2 16 13 20 30 18 11 16 14 12 20 10 15 25 10 11 38 19 14 16,17 32 13 11 23 35,35 12
2 17 12 21 28 19 10 16 15 11 20 10 15 23 10 11 40 18 16 13,14 28 13 12 28 36,38 11
2 17 13 23 29 16 11 14 16 11 20 10 15 24 11 11 44 16 14 11,15 30 13 10 23 36,39 12
2 17 13 23 30 16 11 17 17 13 20 10 15 25 11 11 44 19 14 12,15 32 13 10 23 36,38 12
2 17 13 23 30 20 9 15 13 12 20 10 17 25 10 11 41 19 14 16,18 32 13 11 22 35,38 12
2 18 13 22 29 20 11 17 13 10 19 10 15 22 9 15 40 16 14 14,17 30 13 12 24 35,35 11
2 18 13 22 29 20 11 18 13 10 19 10 15 22 11 15 40 16 15 14,17 29 13 13 24 35,35 11
2 18 13 23 29 22 11 17 14 12 19 11 15 24 12 13 39 17 15 11,11 30 13 12 22 35,35 12
2 18 13 23 29 23 12 17 14 12 20 11 17 24 12 13 36 17 15 12,15 28 12 12 25 35,37 12

 There are no Ymax haplotypes or all haplotypes are singletons.

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
38
EM converged
true
EM iterations
57
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 303,332
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 14 13 16 23 11 13 13
2 15 12 16 24 10 11 12
3 16 13 17 24 11 11 13
4 14 13 16 24 11 13 13
5 13 14 17 24 10 11 13
6 17 13 17 25 10 11 13
7 15 13 17 25 10 11 13
8 17 13 18 24 11 11 13
9 14 13 17 23 10 11 12
10 13 13 18 24 10 11 13
11 16 13 19 24 11 11 13
12 14 13 16 23 10 11 12
13 14 12 16 22 10 11 13
14 13 13 17 24 10 11 13
15 14 13 16 24 11 13 12
16 14 12 16 24 10 11 12
17 14 14 16 23 10 13 14
18 15 12 17 22 10 11 13
19 16 13 18 24 11 11 13
20 16 13 16 25 10 11 13
21 15 14 16 22 10 11 12
22 14 13 16 24 10 13 13
23 15 13 16 25 10 11 13
24 13 13 17 24 11 11 13
25 15 13 17 23 10 12 14
26 14 13 16 24 10 13 12
27 16 14 17 25 11 11 13
28 16 13 17 25 11 11 13
29 16 13 17 25 10 11 13
30 13 13 16 22 10 15 13
31 14 12 16 23 10 11 13
32 15 12 16 23 10 12 12
33 15 12 17 22 10 11 14
34 16 13 18 24 10 11 13
35 15 13 17 23 10 11 12
36 13 13 17 25 10 11 13
37 15 13 16 23 9 11 12
38 15 13 18 24 11 11 13

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Y17)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
32
EM converged
true
EM iterations
35
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 58,212,944
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 17 23 12
2 15 12 16 24 10 11 12 16 9 12 19 13 16 21 11
3 16 13 18 24 11 11 13 15 10 13 20 15 17 23 11
4 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 15 16 23 12
5 13 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 16 17 21 12
6 16 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 15 23 12
7 16 13 18 24 11 11 13 15 10 12 20 15 17 23 11
8 14 13 17 23 10 11 12 15 9 11 20 15 16 23 12
9 13 13 18 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 15 17 21 11
10 14 13 16 23 10 11 12 15 9 11 20 15 16 21 11
11 14 12 16 23 10 11 13 16 10 11 20 14 15 22 11
12 13 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 17 16 22 12
13 14 13 17 24 11 13 12 15 12 12 19 16 16 23 12
14 14 14 16 23 11 14 14 14 10 10 19 14 17 22 12
15 15 12 17 22 10 11 14 16 10 11 21 15 17 21 11
16 13 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 16 15 22 12
17 15 14 16 22 10 11 12 14 9 11 19 15 18 20 12
18 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 15 17 23 12
19 16 13 16 25 10 11 13 14 11 11 20 17 16 23 12
20 15 13 16 23 10 12 14 14 10 11 20 14 16 21 11
21 16 13 17 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 15 23 12
22 15 13 18 22 10 11 12 14 9 12 21 15 15 21 11
23 13 13 16 22 10 15 13 15 11 13 19 15 17 22 10
24 13 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 17 15 22 12
25 15 12 16 23 10 12 12 14 9 12 19 14 16 21 12
26 16 13 17 24 11 11 13 15 10 13 19 15 18 23 11
27 16 13 18 24 11 11 13 15 10 12 19 15 17 23 11
28 16 13 18 24 11 11 13 15 10 13 19 15 17 22 11
29 15 13 16 23 9 11 12 14 9 12 21 16 14 22 12
30 13 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 11 20 15 16 22 12
31 14 13 18 24 11 11 13 15 10 13 19 15 17 23 11
32 14 14 16 23 10 13 13 14 9 11 19 15 17 21 11

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

Population studies

  • Robino C., Gino S., Ricci U., Grignani P., Previdere C. and Torre C. (2002), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in an Albanian population sample.', Forensic Sci Int 129(2):128-30 [PubMed]
  • Bosch E., Calafell F., González-Neira A., Flaiz C., Mateu E., Scheil HG., Huckenbeck W., Efremovska L., Mikerezi I., Xirotiris N., Grasa C., Schmidt H. and Comas D. (2006), 'Paternal and maternal lineages in the Balkans show a homogeneous landscape over linguistic barriers, except for the isolated Aromuns.', Ann Hum Genet 70(Pt 4):459-87 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Parreira KS., Lareu MV., Sánchez-Diz P., Skitsa I. and Carracedo A. (2002), 'DNA typing of short tandem repeat loci on Y-chromosome of Greek population.', Forensic Sci Int 126(3):261-4 [PubMed]
  • Füredi S., Woller J., Pádár Z. and Angyal M. (1999), 'Y-STR haplotyping in two Hungarian populations.', Int J Legal Med 113(1):38-42 [PubMed]
  • Völgyi A., Zalán A., Szvetnik E. and Pamjav H. (2009), 'Hungarian population data for 11 Y-STR and 49 Y-SNP markers.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 3(2):e27-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Xu H., Wang CC., Shrestha R., Wang LX., Zhang M., He Y., Kidd JR., Kidd KK., Jin L. and Li H. (2015), 'Inferring population structure and demographic history using Y‐STR data from worldwide populations', Mol Genet Genomics 290(1):141-50 [DOI]
  • Zaharova B., Andonova S., Gilissen A., Cassiman JJ., Decorte R. and Kremensky I. (2001), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in three major population groups in Bulgaria.', Forensic Sci Int 124(2-3):182-6 [PubMed]
  • Martínez-Cruz B., Mendizabal I., Harmant C., Pablo D., Ioana M., Angelicheva D., Kouvatsi A., Makukh H., Netea MG., Pamjav H., Zalán A., Tournev I., Marushiakova E., Popov V., Bertranpetit J., Kalaydjieva L., Quintana-Murci L., Comas D. and Genographic-Consortium (2016), 'Origins, admixture and founder lineages in European Roma', Eur J Hum Genet 24(6):937-43 [DOI]
  • Robino C., Varacalli S., Gino S., Chatzikyriakidou A., Kouvatsi A., Triantaphyllidis C., Gaetano D., Crobu F., Matullo G., Piazza A. and Torre C. (2004), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in a population sample from continental Greece, and the islands of Crete and Chios.', Forensic Sci Int 145(1):61-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Stanciu F., Cuţăr V., Pîrlea S., Stoian V., Stoian IM., Sevastre O. and Popescu OR. (2010), 'Population data for Y-chromosome haplotypes defined by 17 STRs in South-East Romania.', Leg Med (Tokyo) 12(5):259-64 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Beer Z., Csete K. and Varga T. (2004), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotype in Szekely population.', Forensic Sci Int 139(2-3):155-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Marjanovic D., Fornarino S., Montagna S., Primorac D., Hadziselimovic R., Vidovic S., Pojskic N., Battaglia V., Achilli A., Drobnic K., Andjelinovic S., Torroni A., Santachiara-Benerecetti AS. and Semino O. (2005), 'The peopling of modern Bosnia-Herzegovina: Y-chromosome haplogroups in the three main ethnic groups.', Ann Hum Genet 69(Pt 6):757-63 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Egyed B., Füredi S. and Padar Z. (2006), 'Population genetic study in two Transylvanian populations using forensically informative autosomal and Y-chromosomal STR markers.', Forensic Sci Int 164(2-3):257-65 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Spiroski M., Arsov T., Krüger C., Willuweit S. and Roewer L. (2005), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in Macedonian population samples.', Forensic Sci Int 148(1):69-73 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Jakovski Z., Nikolova K., Jankova-Ajanovska R., Marjanovic D., Pojskic N. and Janeska B. (2011), 'Genetic data for 17 Y-chromosomal STR loci in Macedonians in the Republic of Macedonia.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(4):e108-11 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Jankova R., Seidel M., Videtic A., Willuweit S. and Roewer L. (2019), 'Y-chromosome diversity of the three major ethno-linguistic groups in the Republic of North Macedonia', For Sci Int Genet 42:165-70 [DOI]
  • Veselinovic IS., Zgonjanin DM., Maletin MP., Stojkovic O., Djurendic-Brenesel M., Vukovic RM. and Tasic MM. (2008), 'Allele frequencies and population data for 17 Y-chromosome STR loci in a Serbian population sample from Vojvodina province.', Forensic Sci Int 176(2-3):e23-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Piglionica M., Baldassarra SL., Giardina E., Stella A., D'Ovidio FD., Frati P., Lenato GM., Resta N. and Dell'Erba A. (2013), 'Population data for 17 Y-chromosome STRs in a sample from Apulia (Southern Italy).', Forensic Sci Int Genet 7(1):e3-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Barbarii LE., Rolf B. and Dermengiu D. (2003), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in a Romanian population sample.', Int J Legal Med 117(5):312-5 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Presciuttini S., Caglià A., Alù M., Asmundo A., Buscemi L., Caenazzo L., Carnevali E., Carra E., Battisti D., Stefano D., Domenici R., Piccinini A., Resta N., Ricci U. and Pascali VL. (2001), 'Y-chromosome haplotypes in Italy: the GEFI collaborative database.', Forensic Sci Int 122(2-3):184-8 [PubMed]
  • Rodríguez V., Tomàs C., Sánchez JJ., Castro JA., Ramon MM., Barbaro A., Morling N. and Picornell A. (2009), 'Genetic sub-structure in western Mediterranean populations revealed by 12 Y-chromosome STR loci.', Int J Legal Med 123(2):137-41 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Robino C., Inturri S., Gino S., Torre C., Gaetano D., Crobu F., Romano V., Matullo G. and Piazza A. (2006), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in Sicily.', Forensic Sci Int 159(2-3):235-40 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Brisighelli F., Blanco-Verea A., Boschi I., Garagnani P., Pascali VL., Carracedo A., Capelli C. and Salas A. (2012), 'Patterns of Y-STR variation in Italy.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 6(6):834-9 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Roewer L., Croucher PJ., Willuweit S., Lu TT., Kayser M., Lessig R., Knijff D., Jobling MA., Tyler-Smith C. and Krawczak M. (2005), 'Signature of recent historical events in the European Y-chromosomal STR haplotype distribution.', Hum Genet 116(4):279-91 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Kovatsi L., Saunier JL. and Irwin JA. (2009), 'Population genetics of Y-chromosome STRs in a population of Northern Greeks.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(1):e21-2 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Gršković B., Mršić G., Polašek O., Vrdoljak A., Merkaš S. and Anđelinović S. (2011), 'Genetic polymorphisms of 17 short tandem repeat loci on Y chromosome in central Croatian population', Forensic Sci Med Pathol 7(2):155-61 [DOI]
  • Grsković B., Mrsić G., Vrdoljak A., Merkas S. and Andelinović S. (2010), 'Population genetic analysis of haplotypes based on 17 short tandem repeat loci on Y chromosome in population sample from eastern Croatia', Croat Med J 51(3):202-8 [DOI]
  • Gršković B., Mršić G., Polašek O., Vrdoljak A., Merkaš S. and Anđelinović S. (2011), 'Population data for 17 short tandem repeat loci on Y chromosome in northern Croatia.', Mol Biol Rep 38(3):2203-9 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Mršić G., Gršković B., Vrdoljak A., Popović M., Valpotić I., Š A., Stenzl V., Ehler E., Urban L., Lacković G., Underhill P. and Primorac D. (2012), 'Croatian national reference Y-STR haplotype database', Molecular Biology Reports 39:7727–41 [DOI]
  • Bembea M., Patocs A., Kozma K., Jurca C. and Skrypnyk C. (2011), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotype diversity in three ethnically isolated population from North-Western Romania.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(3):e99-100 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Sarno S., Tofanelli S., De S., Quagliariello A., Bortolini E., Ferri G., Anagnostou P., Brisighelli F., Capelli C., Tagarelli G., Sineo L., Luiselli D., Boattini A. and Pettener D. (2016), 'Shared language, diverging genetic histories: high-resolution analysis of Y-chromosome variability in Calabrian and Sicilian Arbereshe', European Journal of Human Genetics 24:600-6 [Link]
  • Katsaloulis P., Tsekoura K., Vouropoulou M. and Miniati P. (2013), 'Genetic population study of 11 Y chromosome STR loci in Greece.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 7(3):e56-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Jordamović B., Kojović T., Dogan S., Bešić L., Salihefendić L., Konjhodžić R., Ćordić S., Škaro V., Projić P., Hadžiavdić V., Ašić A. and Marjanović D. (2021), 'Contemporary population genetics data for 23 Y-STR loci in the general Bosnian-Herzegovinian population', Genetics & Applications 5(1):51-63 [DOI]
  • Zgonjanin D., Alghafri R., Antov M., Stojiljković G., Petković S., Vuković R. and Drašković D. (2017), 'Genetic characterization of 27 Y-STR loci with the Yfiler® Plus kit in the population of Serbia', Forensic Science International Genetics 31:e48-49 [Link] [DOI]
  • Heraclides A., Bashiardes E., Fernández-Domínguez E., Bertoncini S., Chimonas M., Christofi V., King J., Budowle B., Manoli P. and Cariolou MA. (2017), 'Y-chromosomal analysis of Greek Cypriots reveals a primarily common pre-Ottoman paternal ancestry with Turkish Cypriots.', PLoS One 12(6):e0179474 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Dogan S., Babic N., Gurkan C., Göksun A., Marjanovic D. and Hadziavdic V. (2016), ' Y-chromosomal haplogroup distribution in the Tuzla Canton of Bosnia and Herzegovina: A concordance study using four different in silico assignment algorithms based on Y-STR data', HOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology 67(6):471-483 [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005322, YA005722, YA005455, YA005564, YA005059, YA005465, YA005269, YA005327
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here