Information on the East Asian - Dravidian Metapopulation

The Dravidian Metapopulation (East Asian - Dravidian) consists of 1,400 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 8 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (4 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
29 14 12 28 22 10 14 11 13,17
27 15 12 28 22 10 11 12 15,16
20 15 13 29 25 11 13 14 15,20
12 14 12 28 22 10 14 11 13,16
12 15 12 28 22 11 11 12 15,16
11 14 12 28 22 10 14 11 14,17
9 15 12 28 22 10 14 11 14,18
9 15 13 29 22 10 11 12 15,17
9 15 14 30 22 10 11 12 16,17
8 15 13 29 22 10 14 12 7,16
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
26 10 12 11 28 9 14 15 11 12 22 15,16
14 10 12 13 28 10 15 14 14 11 22 13,17
14 11 13 12 29 10 14 15 13 14 25 15,20
9 10 12 14 28 10 15 15 14 11 22 14,18
8 10 12 12 28 10 15 14 14 11 22 13,17
8 10 13 11 29 9 14 15 11 12 22 15,17
8 11 12 11 28 9 14 15 11 12 22 15,16
7 10 13 12 29 10 16 15 14 12 22 7,16
7 10 14 11 30 9 14 15 11 12 22 15,17
7 10 14 11 30 9 14 15 11 12 22 16,17
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
6 14.1 13 25 29 17 15 15,20 14 11 12 21 13 11 14 10 19
6 15 12 22 28 16 15 14,18 11 10 14 24 14 12 15 10 19
4 15 12 22 28 18 15 15,16 12 11 12 20 11 12 14 9 19
4 15 12 22 28 19 15 15,16 12 10 11 20 11 12 14 9 19
4 15 14 22 30 16 16 14,17 12 10 11 20 11 12 14 9 19
4 15.1 13 25 29 17 15 15,20 14 11 12 21 13 11 14 10 18
4 15.1 13 25 29 17 15 15,21 14 12 13 21 13 11 14 10 18
4 16 12 22 28 18 15 15,16 12 10 11 20 11 12 14 9 19
4 16 12 23 28 18 14 13,20 13 10 10 24 10 12 17 12 18
4 17 13 23 30 17 14 13,19 12 10 12 22 12 13 15 9 22
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
4 20 13 18 29 15 12 23 12 11 10 14 16 21 25 13 13 12 14 17 15,21 15.1 11
4 21 13 19 29 15 11 23 12 11 10 14 16 21 25 12 13 12 14 17 15,20 14.1 11
3 17 14 18 30 15 10 23 12 10 10 14 16 21 24 12 13 12 11 18 16,20 17 11
3 18 14 18 30 15 10 23 12 10 10 14 15 22 25 11 13 9 14 15 16,21 15 11
3 18 14 18 31 15 11 24 13 11 10 14 16 21 24 12 13 12 15 17 15,20 15 11
3 20 13 18 29 15 11 23 12 11 10 14 16 21 25 12 13 12 14 17 15,20 15.1 11
2 15 12 18 28 14 10 26.1 12 11 12 17 17 24 23 10 10 10 13 18 13,20 16 12
2 16 12 19 28 15 10 23 12 12 9 14 19 20 22 11 11 10 12 19 15,16 15 12
2 16 13 20 30 16 11 24 12 11 11 14 17 23 25 10 11 10 13 14 11,14 16 11
2 17 12 19 28 15 11 23 12 12 9 14 20 20 22 12 11 10 12 18 15,16 15 12
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
2 15 12 24 28 20 10 18 14 12 18 10 16 23 12 10 42 17 17 13,20 31 13 10 26 37,41 11

 There are no Ymax haplotypes or all haplotypes are singletons.

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
15
EM converged
true
EM iterations
18
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 74,694
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 14 13 16 23 10 10 14
2 14 12 16 22 10 14 11
3 15 13 17 25 10 11 13
4 15 13 18 24 10 11 13
5 15 14 16 22 10 11 12
6 15 13 16 22 10 11 12
7 15 13 16 25 11 13 14
8 15 13 16 23 10 11 13
9 16 13 18 25 11 11 13
10 14 14 16 23 10 10 14
11 15 12 16 24 10 11 12
12 15 13 16 22 10 14 12
13 16 13 16 21 10 11 14
14 14 13 17 23 10 11 13
15 15 12 16 22 10 11 12

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Y17)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
15
EM converged
true
EM iterations
39
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 379,936,900
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 15 12 16 22 10 11 12 14 9 11 19 15 18 20 12
2 14 14 16 23 10 10 14 16 11 11 19 15 17 25 12
3 14 12 16 22 10 14 11 15 10 13 19 15 15 24 12
4 14 13 16 23 10 10 14 16 11 10 19 15 18 24 12
5 16 14 16 21 11 11 14 14 10 13 18 15 18 23 12
6 15 13 16 22 10 11 12 14 9 11 19 15 16 21 12
7 15 13 16 22 10 11 12 14 9 11 19 16 17 20 12
8 15 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 16 23 12
9 15 13 16 22 10 11 13 15 10 12 19 15 17 21 11
10 15 13 16 25 11 13 14 14 10 12 18 15 16 21 11
11 14 13 17 23 10 11 13 14 9 11 20 15 16 21 12
12 15 13 16 22 10 14 12 16 10 12 19 15 18 21 11
13 14 14 16 23 10 11 12 14 9 12 21 14 18 22 11
14 16 13 17 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 15 23 13
15 15 12 16 24 10 11 12 15 9 12 19 13 16 21 11

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

Population studies

  • Illeperuma RJ., Markalanda D., Mountain JL., Ratnasooriya WD., Fernandopulle ND. and Bamshad MJ. (2010), 'Haplotype data for 12 Y-chromosome STR loci of Sri Lankans.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(4):e119-20 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Ghosh T., Kalpana D., Mukerjee S., Mukherjee M., Sharma AK., Nath S., Rathod VR., Thakar MK. and Jha GN. (2011), 'Genetic diversity of 17 Y-short tandem repeats in Indian population.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(4):363-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Xu H., Wang CC., Shrestha R., Wang LX., Zhang M., He Y., Kidd JR., Kidd KK., Jin L. and Li H. (2015), 'Inferring population structure and demographic history using Y‐STR data from worldwide populations', Mol Genet Genomics 290(1):141-50 [DOI]
  • Gao T., Yun L., Gu Y., He W., Wang Z. and Hou Y. (2015), 'Phylogenetic analysis and forensic characteristics of 12 populations using 23 Y-STR loci', For Sci Int Genet 19:130-3 [DOI]
  • Raghunath R., Krishnamoorthy K., Balasubramanian L. and Mohanram K. (2016), 'Genetic portrait of Tamil non-tribal and Irula tribal population using Y chromosome STR markers', International Journal of Legal Medicine 130(2):367-9 [Link] [DOI]
  • Shrivastava P., Jain T. and Trivedi VB. (2016), 'A genetic portrait of Oraon Indian tribe drawn with 15 autosomal and 17 Y chromosomal STR markers.', Int J Legal Med 130(5):1185-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Singh M., Sarkar A. and Madhusudan R. (2018), 'A comprehensive portrait of Y-STR diversity of Indian populations and comparison with 129 worldwide populations', Scientific Reports 8(1):15421 [DOI]
  • Frank WE., Ralph HC. and Tahir MA. (2008), 'Y chromosome STR haplotypes and allele frequencies in a southern Indian male population.', J Forensic Sci 53(1):248-51 [PubMed] [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005251, YA005054, YA005943, YA004761
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here