Information on the Admixed - U.S. Asian American Metapopulation

The U.S. Asian American Metapopulation (Admixed - U.S. Asian American) consists of 4,325 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 5 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (8 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
28 15 12 28 24 10 13 13 12,16
26 15 12 28 23 10 14 13 13,13
25 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,14
23 16 14 29 23 10 13 13 10,19
21 15 12 28 23 10 14 13 12,13
19 15 12 28 24 10 14 12 14,18
18 15 12 28 24 10 13 13 12,13,16
18 15 12 28 24 10 13 13 12,17
18 15 12 29 23 11 14 13 13,13
17 14 12 28 23 10 14 12 15,18
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
17 10 14 12 29 13 14 16 13 13 23 10,19
16 10 12 12 28 11 15 15 14 12 24 14,18
14 10 12 11 28 10 14 15 14 13 23 13,13
13 10 12 12 28 11 15 14 14 12 23 15,18
12 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
11 10 12 14 28 10 14 15 13 13 24 12,13,16
11 11 12 11 29 10 14 15 14 13 23 13,13
10 10 12 12 28 11 15 14 14 12 23 15,19
10 10 13 11 29 10 14 15 11 15 24 11,11
9 10 12 12 28 10 15 15 13 13 24 12,15
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
8 15 14 23 29 17 16 10,19 13 10 12 21 13 11 14 13 18
6 15 12 24 28 18 15 14,18 12 10 12 20 14 12 15 11 20
6 15 12 24 29 18 15 14,17 15 10 13 23 13 10 14 10 18
5 15 12 23 28 18 14 15,18 12 10 12 20 14 12 15 11 20
5 15 12 24 28 15 15 12,16 13 10 9 23 13 12 14 10 19
5 15 12 24 28 16 15 12,13,16 13 10 13 23 13 12 14 10 19
5 15 12 24 28 16 15 12,13,16 13 10 14 23 13 12 14 10 19
5 15 14 22 30 17 15 10,20 13 10 12 20 13 12 14 13 18
5 16 12 24 28 17 15 12,16 12 11 14 22 13 12 15 10 19
5 17 12 23 29 15 15 13,13 13 11 11 19 14 12 14 10 18
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
6 17 12 18 29 15 10 23 11 10 10 14 16 23 24 13 13 10 15 18 14,17 15 10
5 19 12 19 28 15 11 24 11 12 10 15 15 22 24 14 13 12 12 17 12,16 16 12
4 18 12 19 28 15 10 24 11 12 10 14 15 23 24 14 13 11 13 16 12,13,16 15 12
4 18 12 19 28 15 10 24 11 12 10 14 16 23 24 9 13 11 13 15 12,16 15 12
4 18 13 19 29 14 11 24 11 12 12 15 17 23 24 13 13 10 13 18 11,13 16 12
3 15 12 18 29 15 10 25 12 12 10 14 20 24 22 13 14 12 13 15 12,13 15 12
3 16 14 20 30 14 10 24 12 12 10 14 17 21 23 11 11 9 12 17.2 14,19 15 11
3 17 12 18 28 13 10 25 11 12 10 14 19 21 25 13 14 11 13 15 13,14 17 12
3 17 12 20 28 15 10 23 12 12 11 15 19 20 24 12 14 11 12 18 14,18 15 11
3 17 14 18 29 16 10 23 12 11 13 14 18 21 23 12 13 13 13 17 10,19 15 11
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
6 17 12 23 29 20 10 18 15 10 18 10 15 24 10 13 40 16 14 14,17 27 15 13 23 37,39 10
3 16 13 24 28 22 10 18 15 11 21 10 15 23 10 11 37 16 14 11,17 29 13 12 24 38,38 12
3 16 14 21 30 20 11 17.2 14 11 20 10 15 23 10 11 39 17 14 14,19 25 12 11 24 39,40 12
3 17 12 20 28 19 9 18 15 11 20 10 15 24 11 14 34 19 15 14,18 34 12 12 23 36,37 12
3 17 12 21 28 22 10 15 13 12 18 10 17 25 10 14 38 19 14 13,14 29 13 13 25 37,39 12
3 18 12 22 28 24 9 16 15 12 19 10 15 24 10 13 35 15 14 12,13,16 31 13 14 24 40,40 12
3 18 14 22 30 21 10 18 15 11 18 11 15 24 10 13 41 16 14 14,19 26 14 12 23 36,40 10
3 19 12 22 28 22 9 17 15 12 19 11 16 24 10 13 37 15 15 12,16 29 12 14 24 40,40 12
3 19 14 20 30 19 11 18 15 12 19 10 15 22 9 11 40 16 14 15,16 32 12 11 23 37,37 12
2 14 14 18 31 19 11 18 14 12 19 10 15 24 10 11 38 17 14 14,16 33 14 12 22 37,39 11
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS439 DYS438 DYS437 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS576 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS570 DYS643 DYS627 DYS460 DYS518 DYS449 DYF387S1
6 15 12 29 24 10 13 15 14,17 13 10 14 15 18 23 10 18 17 23 11 10 16 10 20 10 40 27 37,39
3 13 12 28 25 10 14 13 13,14 13 10 14 17 15 21 12 18 17 25 11 12 19 11 22 10 38 29 37,39
3 14 14 30 23 10 11 12 14,19 11 10 14 15 17.2 21 11 20 16 24 12 12 17 9 20 11 39 25 39,40
3 15 12 28 24 10 13 13 12,13,16 14 10 14 15 16 22 12 19 18 24 11 12 15 11 24 9 35 31 40,40
3 15 12 28 24 10 14 12 14,18 12 11 15 15 18 20 11 20 17 23 12 12 19 11 19 9 34 34 36,37
3 15 12 28 24 11 13 12 12,16 14 10 15 16 17 22 12 19 19 24 11 12 15 12 22 9 37 29 40,40
3 15 14 30 22 10 11 12 15,16 11 9 14 15 18 20 12 19 19 23 13 12 16 9 19 11 40 32 37,37
3 15 14 30 24 11 13 14 14,19 12 10 14 15 18 22 11 18 18 23 11 10 16 12 21 10 41 26 36,40
2 13 13 30 22 10 14 14 11,12 10 10 14 16 14.1 21 11 19 18 22 12 12 19 10 21 10 39 29 37,37
2 14 12 28 22 10 11 13 13,14 11 10 16 15 15 22 11 20 15 25 12 11 21 12 19 11 39 29 38,38

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
31
EM converged
true
EM iterations
20
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 122,106
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 15 12 17 23 10 12 12
2 14 12 16 24 10 14 12
3 16 13 16 24 11 13 14
4 15 14 16 24 10 13 14
5 15 12 17 23 10 14 13
6 15 13 16 23 10 11 14
7 16 12 16 25 10 13 12
8 13 13 17 24 10 11 13
9 15 12 16 23 10 12 12
10 14 12 16 25 10 14 12
11 14 13 16 23 10 14 13
12 15 13 18 23 11 14 13
13 14 13 16 24 11 13 13
14 14 12 16 23 10 14 12
15 15 13 16 25 10 13 14
16 16 12 17 24 10 13 12
17 15 13 16 24 10 13 12
18 14 13 16 23 10 11 12
19 15 14 17 25 11 11 13
20 15 12 16 24 10 13 13
21 13 14 16 24 9 14 14
22 15 12 16 23 10 14 13
23 16 13 17 25 10 11 13
24 16 13 17 24 11 13 14
25 15 14 16 22 10 11 12
26 16 14 15 23 10 13 13
27 15 14 16 22 10 13 13
28 16 13 17 20 10 12 14
29 16 13 17 21 10 11 13
30 16 11 17 25 11 13 14
31 15 12 16 21 10 11 12

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Y17)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
41
EM converged
true
EM iterations
48
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 369,616,080
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 15 12 16 23 10 12 12 15 10 12 19 15 18 20 12
2 14 12 16 24 10 14 12 15 11 12 20 15 18 20 12
3 16 13 16 24 11 13 14 14 10 12 18 15 17 22 11
4 15 12 16 24 10 13 13 15 10 12 19 15 16 21 12
5 15 12 16 23 10 14 13 14 10 11 18 17 15 19 12
6 15 13 17 23 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 15 17 21 11
7 17 12 16 24 10 13 12 15 10 11 20 15 19 22 12
8 15 12 17 23 10 14 13 14 10 12 18 15 15 21 12
9 14 12 16 23 10 14 12 15 11 12 20 15 18 20 12
10 14 14 17 23 11 14 13 14 11 11 19 15 15 24 12
11 14 13 16 24 10 13 13 15 12 11 19 16 17 23 12
12 15 12 16 25 10 13 12 14 10 12 19 14 17 22 12
13 15 13 16 25 10 13 14 14 10 12 18 16 16 21 11
14 15 13 16 24 10 13 12 15 10 12 19 15 18 21 11
15 16 13 16 23 10 11 14 14 10 12 21 15 17 21 11
16 16 14 17 25 10 11 13 14 10 12 19 15 15 21 11
17 14 13 16 23 10 15 13 14 10 11 19 15 16 21 12
18 15 13 16 23 10 11 15 14 10 11 21 15 15 21 11
19 16 13 15 25 10 13 12 15 10 12 21 15 18 23 12
20 16 12 16 24 10 13 12 14 10 12 19 15 18 23 11
21 13 14 16 24 9 14 14 14 12 11 19 16 16 22 10
22 16 12 17 24 10 13 12 15 10 11 20 15 17 21 12
23 15 14 16 24 10 13 14 14 10 11 18 15 15 21 11
24 15 13 18 23 11 15 13 14 9 11 18 15 17 24 12
25 14 12 16 22 10 11 13 16 10 11 20 14 15 22 11
26 15 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 16 23 12
27 16 13 17 24 11 13 14 14 10 12 18 15 18 21 11
28 15 13 16 22 10 11 12 14 9 11 19 15 17 20 12
29 15 14 16 22 10 13 13 14 13 12 18 15 18 20 12
30 16 14 15 23 10 13 13 14 13 12 18 15 17 21 11
31 15 12 16 24 10 13 13 14 10 13 19 15 16 22 12
32 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 15 17 23 12
33 16 13 17 20 10 12 14 14 11 13 21 15 18 24 12
34 16 13 17 21 10 11 14 14 11 12 21 15 16 21 11
35 16 12 16 23 10 14 13 14 10 11 16 17 18 21 12
36 14 12 16 22 10 14 11 15 10 13 19 16 15 23 12
37 14 12 17 24 10 11 13 15 11 12 19 14 16 19 12
38 16 13 17 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 16 23 13
39 16 11 17 25 11 13 14 14 10 12 18 14 18 21 10
40 13 13 16 24 10 11 14 14 10 13 18 16 18 21 12
41 15 12 16 21 10 11 12 14 10 11 21 15 18 23 11

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

Population studies

  • Pignone ML., Manzella AM., Galusha M., Le J. and Moreno LI. (2022), 'Y-STR Sample Haplotypes From Five United States of America Population Groups', Forensic Science International: Reports 100274:In press [DOI]
  • Purps J., Siegert S., Willuweit S., Nagy M., Alves C., Salazar R., Angustia SM., Santos LH., Anslinger K., Bayer B., Ayub Q., Wei W., Xue Y., Tyler-Smith C., Bafalluy MB., Martínez-Jarreta B., Egyed B., Balitzki B., Tschumi S., Ballard D., Court DS., Barrantes X., Bäßler G., Wiest T., Berger B., Niederstätter H., Parson W., Davis C., Budowle B., Burri H., Borer U., Koller C., Carvalho EF., Domingues PM., Chamoun WT., Coble MD., Hill CR., Corach D., Caputo M., D'Amato ME., Davison S., Decorte R., Larmuseau MH., Ottoni C., Rickards O., Lu D., Jiang C., Dobosz T., Jonkisz A., Frank WE., Furac I., Gehrig C., Castella V., Grskovic B., Haas C., Wobst J., Hadzic G., Drobnic K., Honda K., Hou Y., Zhou D., Li Y., Hu S., Chen S., Immel UD., Lessig R., Jakovski Z., Ilievska T., Klann AE., García CC., Knijff D., Kraaijenbrink T., Kondili A., Miniati P., Vouropoulou M., Kovacevic L., Marjanovic D., Lindner I., Mansour I., Al-Azem M., Andari AE., Marino M., Furfuro S., Locarno L., Martín P., Luque GM., Alonso A., Miranda LS., Moreira H., Mizuno N., Iwashima Y., Neto RS., Nogueira TL., Silva R., Nastainczyk-Wulf M., Edelmann J., Kohl M., Nie S., Wang X., Cheng B., Núñez C., Pancorbo MM., Olofsson JK., Morling N., Onofri V., Tagliabracci A., Pamjav H., Volgyi A., Barany G., Pawlowski R., Maciejewska A., Pelotti S., Pepinski W., Abreu-Glowacka M., Phillips C., Cárdenas J., Rey-Gonzalez D., Salas A., Brisighelli F., Capelli C., Toscanini U., Piccinini A., Piglionica M., Baldassarra SL., Ploski R., Konarzewska M., Jastrzebska E., Robino C., Sajantila A., Palo JU., Guevara E., Salvador J., Ungria MC., Rodriguez JJ., Schmidt U., Schlauderer N., Saukko P., Schneider PM., Sirker M., Shin KJ., Oh YN., Skitsa I., Ampati A., Smith TG., Calvit LS., Stenzl V., Capal T., Tillmar A., Nilsson H., Turrina S., Leo D., Verzeletti A., Cortellini V., Wetton JH., Gwynne GM., Jobling MA., Whittle MR., Sumita DR., Wolańska-Nowak P., Yong RY., Krawczak M., Nothnagel M. and Roewer L. (2014), 'A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 12:12-23 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Xu H., Wang CC., Shrestha R., Wang LX., Zhang M., He Y., Kidd JR., Kidd KK., Jin L. and Li H. (2015), 'Inferring population structure and demographic history using Y‐STR data from worldwide populations', Mol Genet Genomics 290(1):141-50 [DOI]
  • Steffen CR., Huszar TI., Borsuk LA., Vallone PM. and Gettings KB. (2022), 'A multi-dimensional evaluation of the ‘NIST 1032’ sample set across four forensic Y-STR multiplexes', For Sci Int Genet Epub ahead of print:In press [DOI]
  • Frank WE., Ralph HC. and Tahir MA. (2008), 'Y chromosome STR haplotypes and allele frequencies in a southern Indian male population.', J Forensic Sci 53(1):248-51 [PubMed] [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005221, YA005718, YA005824, YA005610, YA005924, YA005082, YA005035, YA005775, YA005372, YA005843, YA005969, YA005901, YA005958, YA005532
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here