Information on the Admixed - U.S. Caucasian American Metapopulation

The U.S. Caucasian American Metapopulation (Admixed - U.S. Caucasian American) consists of 12,657 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 9 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (6 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
634 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,14
354 14 13 29 23 11 13 13 11,14
286 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 11,14
196 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,15
172 14 12 28 22 10 11 13 13,14
148 14 13 30 24 11 13 13 11,14
146 14 14 30 24 11 13 13 11,14
129 14 13 29 25 11 14 13 11,13
123 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 11,15
119 14 13 30 24 10 13 13 11,14
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
232 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
153 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 23 11,14
115 10 12 11 28 10 16 14 11 13 22 13,14
114 10 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
112 11 13 11 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
80 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 14 13 25 11,13
71 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,15
69 11 13 11 29 12 15 14 13 13 23 11,14
66 11 13 12 30 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
65 10 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 23 11,14
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
24 16 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
17 16 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 10 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
17 17 13 25 29 17 14 11,13 13 11 12 23 14 12 15 12 18
16 15 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
15 16 13 24 29 16 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
13 15 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 11 11 23 13 12 15 12 19
12 15 12 22 28 15 14 13,14 13 10 11 21 11 11 16 10 20
11 16 13 24 29 18 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
11 16 13 25 29 17 14 11,13 13 11 12 23 14 12 15 12 18
10 15 13 24 30 18 14 11,14 13 10 12 24 13 13 15 12 19
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
3 17 13 19 29 14 11 22 13 12 12 14 17 23 24 12 13 10 13 16 12,14 16 12
3 17 13 19 29 14 11 22 13 12 12 15 17 23 23 12 13 10 13 16 11,14 15 12
3 18 13 20 29 16 10 25 12 12 11 14 19 23 25 11 11 10 13 16 11,14 17 12
3 19 13 19 30 14 11 23 13 13 12 15 17 23 25 12 13 10 13 17 11,14 14 11
2 14 12 21 29 14 10 22 13 9 10 16 18 23 22 11 11 12 12 17 13,14 15 12
2 14 14 20 31 15 10 21 12 12 9 14 17 22 23 12 13 10 13 17 13,17 16 12
2 15 12 20 28 14 11 25 12 11 10 16 19 22 23 11 11 12 13 15 13,15 14 11
2 15 12 21 31 15 10 20 12 9 10 16 19 20 22 11 11 11 14 16 14,15 15 12
2 15 12 23 28 15 10 21 12 10 10 15 17 21 21 11 11 12 14 16 14,15 17 11
2 15 13 20 30 13 11 26 13 11 11 14 19 22 24 12 16 10 13 16 15,17 16 11
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
3 16 13 21 30 20 10 18 15 11 19 10 15 23 9 13 36 18 14 14,16 33 13 11 22 38,38 12
3 16 13 23 29 21 11 17 14 12 19 11 15 23 12 13 36 17 15 12,14 31 12 12 22 35,36 12
2 15 12 21 28 21 10 16 15 11 23 10 17 21 10 11 37 17 15 14,15 31 14 11 21 37,38 10
2 16 13 23 29 23 11 17 14 12 19 11 16 23 12 13 38 17 15 11,14 29 14 12 22 35,37 12
2 16 13 23 30 21 9 15 13 12 20 10 15 24 10 11 41 20 14 16,18 32 13 12 22 35,37 12
2 17 13 23 29 18 11 17 14 12 19 11 16 24 12 13 37 17 15 11,14 30 14 12 22 35,36 12
2 17 13 23 29 21 10 16 14 12 19 11 15 24 12 13 40 17 14 9,14 30 13 12 22 35,36 12
2 17 13 23 29 22 10 18 14 11 19 10 16 24 12 13 38 18 15 12,15 29 13 12 22 35,36 13
2 17 13 23 29 24 11 16 14 12 19 11 16 24 12 13 37 17 14 12,14 29 13 12 22 35,36 12
2 17 13 23 30 20 11 16 14 11 19 11 15 24 12 13 39 17 15 11,15 30 13 12 22 35,36 12
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS439 DYS438 DYS437 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS576 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS570 DYS643 DYS627 DYS460 DYS518 DYS449 DYF387S1
2 13 13 29 25 11 13 13 11,14 13 12 15 18 16 23 12 19 19 22 13 12 17 10 24 11 39 29 35,36
2 13 13 30 24 10 11 13 16,18 12 10 14 15 15 23 12 20 16 22 12 12 20 14 21 9 41 32 35,37
2 14 12 28 25 10 13 13 11,14 12 12 15 16 18 23 11 19 18 22 14 12 17 10 22 10 38 31 35,37
2 14 13 29 23 11 13 13 11,14 13 12 15 15 17 24 12 19 18 22 13 12 17 11 22 11 36 30 35,36
2 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 11,14 12 12 15 16 17 23 12 19 19 22 13 12 17 10 25 11 39 29 35,37
2 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 12,15 12 12 15 16 18 23 11 19 17 22 14 13 18 10 22 10 38 29 35,36
2 14 13 29 24 11 13 12 12,14 11 12 15 15 17 24 12 19 18 19 13 12 17 10 22 11 39 33 35,36
2 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 12,14 12 12 14 16 16 23 12 19 17 22 13 12 17 10 24 11 37 29 35,36
2 14 13 29 25 11 13 13 11,14 13 12 16 17 17 23 12 19 18 22 12 12 17 10 23 11 38 30 35,37
2 14 13 29 25 12 13 12 11,14 12 13 15 17 18 23 12 20 19 23 13 12 17 10 22 11 37 29 35,37

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Minimal)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393
Central haplotypes
49
EM converged
true
EM iterations
89
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 287,020
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393
1 14 13 17 23 10 11 12
2 13 13 18 24 10 11 13
3 14 13 16 23 10 13 13
4 14 12 16 24 11 13 13
5 14 13 17 24 10 13 13
6 14 13 16 25 11 13 13
7 14 13 16 23 11 13 13
8 14 13 16 24 11 13 13
9 14 13 17 24 11 13 13
10 14 13 16 24 11 14 13
11 14 14 16 24 11 13 13
12 14 13 17 23 11 13 13
13 15 12 17 22 10 11 14
14 15 13 16 23 11 13 13
15 15 13 16 24 11 13 13
16 15 14 17 25 11 11 13
17 13 13 17 24 10 11 13
18 14 12 16 23 10 11 13
19 14 13 16 23 10 11 12
20 14 13 16 24 10 13 13
21 14 13 16 25 10 13 13
22 16 13 18 24 11 11 13
23 14 14 16 23 11 13 13
24 15 13 16 23 9 11 12
25 15 13 16 24 11 11 13
26 16 13 17 25 10 11 13
27 14 12 16 22 10 11 13
28 14 13 16 24 10 14 13
29 14 13 16 25 11 14 13
30 13 13 17 24 10 15 13
31 15 13 17 23 10 12 14
32 15 14 16 23 10 11 13
33 15 13 18 25 10 11 13
34 16 13 17 21 10 11 14
35 14 14 16 24 10 13 13
36 15 14 18 23 10 12 15
37 16 13 16 23 11 12 14
38 17 13 17 25 10 11 13
39 14 12 17 22 10 11 13
40 14 13 15 23 11 13 13
41 15 12 17 22 10 11 13
42 15 13 16 24 10 12 15
43 14 14 16 23 10 13 13
44 15 12 16 22 10 11 13
45 16 13 16 25 10 11 13
46 17 13 16 23 10 11 13
47 13 14 16 24 9 11 13
48 15 12 16 24 10 11 12
49 15 13 18 21 10 11 13

Discrete-Laplace frequency estimation (Y17)

Release
R67
Loci included
DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II*, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635, YGATAH4
Central haplotypes
46
EM converged
true
EM iterations
44
GLM method
internal_coef
Init method
pam
Threshold frequency
1 in 72,176,110
Per locus details
DL centers distribution (download PDF)
Table of haplotype centers (click to show/hide)
DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II* DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS437 DYS438 DYS439 DYS448 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4
1 16 12 16 25 11 11 13 15 10 11 21 14 16 21 10
2 14 13 17 23 10 11 12 15 9 11 20 15 17 23 12
3 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 16 23 12
4 14 13 16 24 10 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 18 23 12
5 14 13 16 24 10 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 17 23 12
6 15 14 18 23 10 12 14 14 10 11 20 15 15 21 11
7 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 15 17 23 12
8 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 15 18 23 12
9 14 13 16 25 11 14 13 15 12 12 18 17 17 23 12
10 14 13 16 23 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 17 17 23 11
11 13 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 15 16 22 11
12 15 12 17 22 10 11 14 16 10 11 21 15 16 20 12
13 16 13 18 24 11 11 13 15 10 12 20 15 17 23 11
14 14 13 16 23 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 17 25 12
15 15 13 17 25 11 11 13 14 11 10 20 16 15 23 13
16 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 18 23 12
17 14 12 16 22 10 11 13 16 10 11 20 14 15 23 11
18 14 12 16 22 10 11 13 16 10 11 20 14 15 21 11
19 14 13 17 24 10 13 13 15 12 12 19 15 18 24 13
20 14 13 16 23 11 13 13 15 12 11 19 16 17 23 12
21 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 14 12 12 18 15 17 23 11
22 15 12 17 22 10 11 14 16 10 12 21 15 17 21 11
23 16 13 17 25 10 11 13 14 11 11 20 16 16 23 12
24 14 12 16 22 10 11 13 16 10 11 20 14 15 22 11
25 14 13 16 24 10 13 13 15 12 11 19 15 17 24 12
26 14 13 16 23 10 13 13 15 12 11 19 15 16 23 12
27 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 16 17 23 12
28 15 13 16 23 10 11 13 14 10 12 18 14 19 21 11
29 15 13 16 23 10 13 13 14 9 11 19 15 17 21 11
30 15 12 16 24 10 11 12 16 9 12 19 13 16 21 11
31 15 13 16 23 9 11 12 14 9 12 21 16 14 21 12
32 14 13 16 24 11 13 13 15 12 12 19 15 16 23 12
33 15 13 17 21 10 11 13 14 11 12 21 15 16 21 11
34 13 13 17 24 10 11 13 14 10 12 20 16 15 22 12
35 14 13 16 23 10 11 12 15 9 11 20 15 15 21 11
36 15 13 18 25 10 11 13 14 11 10 20 15 15 24 12
37 15 13 17 23 10 12 15 14 10 11 20 14 15 21 10
38 15 14 16 23 11 14 14 14 10 10 19 14 17 22 12
39 17 13 15 23 10 11 13 15 10 12 21 14 17 22 12
40 16 13 16 23 11 12 14 15 10 11 20 17 15 21 11
41 15 13 16 24 10 12 15 15 10 11 20 14 16 19 11
42 13 14 16 24 9 11 13 14 10 10 20 16 18 21 12
43 13 13 17 24 10 14 13 14 11 12 20 15 16 22 12
44 13 12 16 23 10 13 14 14 11 12 20 15 18 22 12
45 14 13 16 23 10 10 14 16 11 10 19 15 17 25 12
46 15 14 16 22 10 11 12 14 9 11 19 15 17 21 12

* Please note that DYS389I was substracted from DYS389II

Population studies

  • Kayser M., Brauer S., Schädlich H., Prinz M., Batzer MA., Zimmerman PA., Boatin BA. and Stoneking M. (2003), 'Y chromosome STR haplotypes and the genetic structure of U.S. populations of African, European, and Hispanic ancestry.', Genome Res 13(4):624-34 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Ge J., Budowle B., Planz JV., Eisenberg AJ., Ballantyne J. and Chakraborty R. (2010), 'US forensic Y-chromosome short tandem repeats database.', Leg Med (Tokyo) 12(6):289-95 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Frank WE., Ellinger ER. and Krishack PA. (2006), 'Y chromosome STR haplotypes and allele frequencies in Illinois Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic males.', J Forensic Sci 51(5):1207-15 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Steffen CR., Huszar TI., Borsuk LA., Vallone PM. and Gettings KB. (2022), 'A multi-dimensional evaluation of the ‘NIST 1032’ sample set across four forensic Y-STR multiplexes', For Sci Int Genet Epub ahead of print:In press [DOI]
  • Budowle B., Ge J., Aranda XG., Planz JV., Eisenberg AJ. and Chakraborty R. (2009), 'Texas population substructure and its impact on estimating the rarity of Y STR haplotypes from DNA evidence*.', J Forensic Sci 54(5):1016-21 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Xu H., Wang CC., Shrestha R., Wang LX., Zhang M., He Y., Kidd JR., Kidd KK., Jin L. and Li H. (2015), 'Inferring population structure and demographic history using Y‐STR data from worldwide populations', Mol Genet Genomics 290(1):141-50 [DOI]
  • Pignone ML., Manzella AM., Galusha M., Le J. and Moreno LI. (2022), 'Y-STR Sample Haplotypes From Five United States of America Population Groups', Forensic Science International: Reports 100274:In press [DOI]
  • Valverde L., Rosique M., Köhnemann S., Cardoso S., García A., Odriozola A., Aznar JM., Celorrio D., Schuerenkamp M., Zubizarreta J., Davis MC., Hampikian G., Pfeiffer H. and Pancorbo D. (2012), 'Y-STR variation in the Basque diaspora in the Western USA: evolutionary and forensic perspectives.', Int J Legal Med 126(2):293-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Purps J., Siegert S., Willuweit S., Nagy M., Alves C., Salazar R., Angustia SM., Santos LH., Anslinger K., Bayer B., Ayub Q., Wei W., Xue Y., Tyler-Smith C., Bafalluy MB., Martínez-Jarreta B., Egyed B., Balitzki B., Tschumi S., Ballard D., Court DS., Barrantes X., Bäßler G., Wiest T., Berger B., Niederstätter H., Parson W., Davis C., Budowle B., Burri H., Borer U., Koller C., Carvalho EF., Domingues PM., Chamoun WT., Coble MD., Hill CR., Corach D., Caputo M., D'Amato ME., Davison S., Decorte R., Larmuseau MH., Ottoni C., Rickards O., Lu D., Jiang C., Dobosz T., Jonkisz A., Frank WE., Furac I., Gehrig C., Castella V., Grskovic B., Haas C., Wobst J., Hadzic G., Drobnic K., Honda K., Hou Y., Zhou D., Li Y., Hu S., Chen S., Immel UD., Lessig R., Jakovski Z., Ilievska T., Klann AE., García CC., Knijff D., Kraaijenbrink T., Kondili A., Miniati P., Vouropoulou M., Kovacevic L., Marjanovic D., Lindner I., Mansour I., Al-Azem M., Andari AE., Marino M., Furfuro S., Locarno L., Martín P., Luque GM., Alonso A., Miranda LS., Moreira H., Mizuno N., Iwashima Y., Neto RS., Nogueira TL., Silva R., Nastainczyk-Wulf M., Edelmann J., Kohl M., Nie S., Wang X., Cheng B., Núñez C., Pancorbo MM., Olofsson JK., Morling N., Onofri V., Tagliabracci A., Pamjav H., Volgyi A., Barany G., Pawlowski R., Maciejewska A., Pelotti S., Pepinski W., Abreu-Glowacka M., Phillips C., Cárdenas J., Rey-Gonzalez D., Salas A., Brisighelli F., Capelli C., Toscanini U., Piccinini A., Piglionica M., Baldassarra SL., Ploski R., Konarzewska M., Jastrzebska E., Robino C., Sajantila A., Palo JU., Guevara E., Salvador J., Ungria MC., Rodriguez JJ., Schmidt U., Schlauderer N., Saukko P., Schneider PM., Sirker M., Shin KJ., Oh YN., Skitsa I., Ampati A., Smith TG., Calvit LS., Stenzl V., Capal T., Tillmar A., Nilsson H., Turrina S., Leo D., Verzeletti A., Cortellini V., Wetton JH., Gwynne GM., Jobling MA., Whittle MR., Sumita DR., Wolańska-Nowak P., Yong RY., Krawczak M., Nothnagel M. and Roewer L. (2014), 'A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 12:12-23 [PubMed] [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005093, YA005911, YA005534, YA005779, YA005418, YA005309, YA005134, YA005918, YA005041, YA005414, YA005308, YA005484
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here