Information on the National Database "Pakistan"

The National Database "Pakistan" consists of 3,279 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 14 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (4 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
71 15 13 30 24 11 11 13 11,14
58 15 13 29 22 10 14 12 9,16
51 15 13 29 24 10 11 13 12,14
34 16 13 30 24 11 11 13 11,14
30 16 13 30 25 11 11 13 11,14
29 16 13 30 23 11 11 13 13,16
24 14 12 28 22 10 14 11 13,17
23 14 13 29 23 10 10 14 12,18
23 14 14 30 23 10 11 12 15,19
19 14 14 30 23 10 10 14 13,19
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
68 11 13 10 30 11 14 15 11 13 24 11,14
39 10 13 12 29 11 14 15 11 13 24 12,14
36 10 13 12 29 10 16 15 14 12 22 9,16
29 11 13 10 30 11 14 16 11 13 24 11,14
25 11 13 11 30 10 16 16 11 13 23 13,16
20 10 13 10 29 11 16 14 10 14 23 12,18
20 11 13 10 30 11 14 16 11 13 25 11,14
19 10 14 12 30 9 14 14 11 12 23 15,19
19 11 12 10 30 11 14 16 11 12 23 13,14
14 10 13 10 30 11 14 15 11 13 24 11,14
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
54 15 13 24 30 15 15 11,14 13 11 10 23 11 12 14 11 20
13 15 13 25 29 16 15 11,13 13 11 10 23 11 12 14 11 19
12 15 13 24 30 15 15 11,14 13 10 10 23 11 12 14 11 20
10 14 14 23 30 18 14 15,19 12 10 12 24 11 11 14 9 21
10 15 13 23 29 17 14 12,18 14 10 10 24 10 12 16 11 19
10 15 13 24 30 15 16 11,14 13 11 10 23 11 12 14 11 20
10 15 14 25 31 15 15 11,15 13 10 10 25 11 12 14 11 20
10 17 12 23 30 16 16 13,14 12 11 10 21 11 11 14 11 19
9 15 13 22 29 16 15 9,16 12 10 12 24 14 11 16 10 20
9 15 13 25 29 16 17 11,14 13 11 10 25 11 12 14 11 20
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
6 19 13 20 30 15 11 25 12 12 11 14 19 23 24 10 11 10 13 15 11,14 15 12
5 17 13 21 29 15 10 28 12 12 11 14 19 21 24 12 11 10 13 17 12,14 17 11
5 18 13 20 30 16 11 23 12 13 11 14 19 23 25 10 11 10 13 14 12,13 16 13
5 19 13 20 30 15 11 25 12 12 11 14 18 23 24 10 11 10 13 15 11,14 15 12
4 16 13 21 30 16 11 19 13 10 10 16 17 24 23 11 11 12 13 20 13,16 16 12
4 17 13 22 29 15 10 28 12 12 11 14 18 21 24 12 11 10 13 17 12,14 17 11
3 17 13 21 30 14 10 23 13 11 9 15 17 22 23 13 11 10 13 17 15,18 16 12
3 19 13 20 30 15 11 25 11 12 11 14 19 23 24 10 11 10 13 15 11,14 15 12
2 14 14 18 30 13 10 24 12 13 11 15 19 23 22 11 15 12 13 17 12,16 15 10
2 15 12 19 28 15 10 24 15 10 9 15 17 21 23 11 11 9 12 17 12,17 13 11
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
6 16 13 24 30 19 11 19 16 12 21 11 16 23 10 11 37 17 16 13,16 28 13 11 19 38,39 10
5 15 12 22 27 21 10 15 14 11 19 10 16 22 11 14 39 16 15 13,18 27 11 11 23 35,40 12
4 19 13 23 30 17 11 15 15 12 20 11 15 24 11 11 39 19 14 11,14 32 13 10 25 37,37 12
3 16 13 24 30 19 11 19 16 12 21 11 16 23 10 11 37 17 15 13,16 28 13 11 19 38,39 10
3 19 13 23 30 17 11 15 15 12 20 10 15 23 11 11 39 19 14 11,14 32 13 10 25 37,38 12
2 17 12 23 28 21 11 15 15 12 18 10 15 24 11 14 39 19 14 13,16 29 14 11 28 37,38 13
2 17 13 21 29 20 9 17 15 11 0 10 17 24 11 11 39 19 14 12,14 28 13 12 27 37,38,39 12
2 20 13 23 30 17 11 15 15 12 20 10 15 24 11 11 39 18 14 11,14 32 13 10 25 37,37 12
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS439 DYS438 DYS437 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS576 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS570 DYS643 DYS627 DYS460 DYS518 DYS449 DYF387S1
2 15 13 29 24 10 11 13 12,14 12 11 14 17 17 21 11 0 17 27 12 12 19 10 20 9 39 28 37,38,39

Population studies

  • Tabassum S., Ilyas M., Ullah I., Israr M. and Ahmad H. (2017), 'A comprehensive Y-STR portrait of Yousafzai’s population', Int J Legal Med 131(5):1241-2 [DOI]
  • Perveen R., Rahman Z., Shahzad MS., Israr M., Shafique M., Shan MA., Zar MS., Iqbal M. and Husnain T. (2014), 'Y-STR haplotype diversity in Punjabi population of Pakistan.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 9:e20-1 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Lee EY., Shin KJ., Rakha A., Sim JE., Park MJ., Kim NY., Yang WI. and Lee HY. (2014), 'Analysis of 22 Y chromosomal STR haplotypes and Y haplogroup distribution in Pathans of Pakistan.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 11:111-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Adnan A., Rakha A., Noor A., Oven V., Ralf A. and Kayser M. (2018), 'Population data of 17 Y-STRs (Yfiler) from Punjabis and Kashmiris of Pakistan.', Int J Legal Med 132(1):137-138 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Perveen R., Ali A., Shafique M., Shahzad M. and Husnain T. (2017), 'Genetic variations of 15 autosomal and 17 Y-STR markers in Sindhi population of Pakistan', Int J Legal Med 131(5):1239-40 [DOI]
  • Perveen R., Shahid AA., Shafique M., Shehzad M. and Akram M. (2020), 'Kashmiris phylogenetic depictions through uniparental and biparental genetic markers', Int J Legal Med 134:1311–1312 [DOI]
  • Ullah I., Olofsson JK., Margaryan A., Ilardo M., Ahmad H., Sikora M., Hansen AJ., Nadeem S., Fazal N., Ali M., Buchard A., Hemphill BE., Willerslev E. and Allentoft ME. (2017), 'High Y‐chromosomal Differentiation Among Ethnic Groups of Dir and Swat Districts, Pakistan', Annals of Human Genetics 81:234-48 [DOI]
  • Adnan A., Rakha A., Kasim K., Noor A., Nazir S., Hadi S. and Pang H. (2019), 'Genetic characterization of Y-chromosomal STRs in Hazara ethnic group of Pakistan and confirmation of DYS448 null allele', Int J Legal Med 133(3):789-93 [DOI]
  • Javed F., Sumbal S., Shafique M., Ali A., Shahzadi A., Rani N., Javid H., Javed M., Gillani N. and Husnain T. (2018), 'Male individualization using 12 rapidly mutating Y-STRs in Araein ethnic group and shared paternal lineage of Pakistani population', Int J Legal Med 132(6):1621-4 [Link] [DOI]
  • Adnan A., Rakha A., Ameen F., Abdullah A., Almansob A., Wang CC., Lu J. and Xing J. (2020), 'Genetic structure and forensic characteristics of Saraiki population from Southern Punjab, Pakistan, revealed by 20 Y-chromosomal STRs', Int J Legal Med 134:977–979 [DOI]
  • Adnan A., Rakha A., Lazim H., Nazir S., Al-Qahtani WS., Alwaili MA., Hadi S. and Wang CC. (2022), 'Are Roma People Descended from the Punjab Region of Pakistan: A Y-Chromosomal Perspective', Genes 13:532 [Link] [DOI]
  • Adnan A., Rakha A., Nazir S., Alghafri R., Hassan Q., Wang CC. and Lu J. (2021), ' Forensic features and genetic legacy of the Baloch population of Pakistan and the Hazara population across Durand-line revealed by Y chromosomal STRs ', Int J Legal Med 135:1777–84 [DOI]
  • Zahra FT., Hussain M., Khan K., Aslam MA., Shafique M., Rubab A. and Javeed S. (2020), 'Genetic polymorphism of Y-chromosomal STRs in Gujjar population of Punjab', Int J Legal Med 134:1333-1334 [Link] [DOI]
  • Aslam MA., Hussain M., Khan K., Zahra FT., Shafique M. and Javeed S. (2020), 'Haplotype diversity of 17 Y-STRs in Sheikh population of Punjab', Int J Legal Med 134:1325–1326 [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005032, YA005335, YA005762, YA005805
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here