Information on the National Database "Brazil"

The National Database "Brazil" consists of 11,889 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 20 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (28 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
514 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,14
179 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 11,14
176 14 13 29 23 11 13 13 11,14
142 13 14 30 24 9 11 13 13,14
138 14 14 30 24 11 13 13 11,14
93 15 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,14
91 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,15
83 14 13 30 24 11 13 13 11,14
78 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 12,14
73 14 13 29 25 11 13 13 11,14
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
180 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
107 9 14 10 30 10 14 13 11 13 24 13,14
66 10 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
66 11 13 13 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
64 11 13 11 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
55 11 14 12 30 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
54 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 23 11,14
38 11 13 12 29 12 14 14 13 13 24 11,14
38 11 13 12 29 12 15 15 13 13 24 11,14
36 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 25 11,14
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
23 15 13 24 30 16 13 14,15 13 10 12 22 14 11 15 11 20
22 15 13 23 31 17 13 15,18 13 11 11 22 14 13 14 11 19
21 13 12 24 28 16 15 13,17 13 10 11 21 11 11 16 9 19
21 16 13 24 29 17 13 13,14 13 10 12 23 14 11 14 11 20
19 15 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
16 16 12 24 30 17 13 14,17 13 11 11 22 14 11 14 11 20
16 16 14 24 30 18 13 13,14 13 9 10 21 11 12 14 10 20
15 15 13 24 30 17 13 14,15 13 10 12 22 15 11 14 11 20
15 16 13 25 31 17 13 14,14 13 10 12 23 14 13 15 11 20
14 15 14 24 30 17 13 13,14 13 9 10 21 11 12 14 10 20
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
3 18 12 19 30 13 10 22 13 11 12 14 19 22 24 11 15 10 13 17 14,17 17 12
3 18 13 19 29 14 11 22 12 11 12 15 17 23 25 11 12 10 13 18 11,14 16 12
3 19 12 19 28 15 11 22 13 12 12 15 17 23 25 12 13 10 12 17 11,14 15 12
2 13 13 19 30 14 12 25 13 12 12 14 17 23 25 10 13 9 13 17 11,14 15 12
2 14 13 21 30 15 10 27 11 11 10 14 20 22 22 11 11 14 14 18 16,17 15 12
2 15 13 21 30 17 10 27 11 12 11 14 19 21 20 13 11 14 14 16 15,18 15 11
2 15 13 22 30 13 10 23 12 12 10 14 18 21 25 12 11 13 14 16 16,17 17 12
2 15 14 21 32 16 10 28 11 12 11 14 20 22 21 13 11 13 13 17 14,17 15 11
2 16 12 18 28 15 11 23 12 11 10 15 17 21 25 12 11 13 12 17 13,18 14 10
2 16 12 19 28 15 10 23 13 12 9 16 18 21 24 11 11 9 13 16 13,17 13 11
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
3 16 12 21 28 19 10 15 14 11 20 10 14 23 10 11 37 21 16 14,14 28 13 11 25 37,39 11
3 17 13 23 29 22 10 17 14 12 19 10 16 24 12 13 37 17 15 12,14 29 13 12 22 35,37 12
3 18 13 23 29 20 11 18 13 12 19 11 14 23 12 13 36 17 15 11,14 30 13 11 23 36,36 12
3 18 13 23 30 22 11 17 14 12 20 10 15 25 12 14 37 17 15 12,14 29 13 13 22 35,36 12
3 18 14 21 31 23 11 17 15 11 20 10 13 22 10 12 37 17 15 16,18 29 14 11 25 37,38 12
2 13 12 24 28 23 11 18 14 11 19 10 16 25 11 11 40 17 14 19,19 32 13 11 24 37,38 12
2 14 13 22 30 19 10 18 15 12 21 10 15 22 10 11 39 20 14 16,17 28 14 11 27 35,38 11
2 15 13 20 29 17 10 17 15 12 21 10 15 22 10 11 37 19 16 14,14 28 14 11 22 37,39 9
2 15 13 23 30 22 9 16 13 12 20 10 15 24 10 11 41 21 14 16,18 32 13 12 22 35,37 12
2 15 13 23 30 22 10 16 14 10 21 10 15 22 9 11 38 16 15 13,15 30 12 11 22 39,40 11

 There are no Ymax haplotypes or all haplotypes are singletons.

Population studies

  • Roewer L., Nagy M., Schmidt P., Epplen JT. and Herzog-Schröder G. (1993), 'Microsatellite and HLA class II oligonucleotide typing in a population of Yanomami Indians.', EXS 67:221-30 [PubMed]
  • Souza D., Carvalho D., Gomes I., Silva D., Gil EH., Amorim A. and Gusmão L. (2005), 'Population and mutation analysis of 17 Y-STR loci from Rio de Janeiro (Brazil).', Int J Legal Med 119(2):70-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Góis CC., Martins JA., Pereira GA., Freschi A., Paneto GG., Alvarenga VL., Cicarelli RM., Hirata MH. and Oliveira RN. (2008), 'Genetic population data of 12 STR loci of the PowerPlex Y system in the state of São Paulo population (Southeast of Brazil).', Forensic Sci Int 174(1):81-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Gusmão L., Sánchez-Diz P., Calafell F., Martín P., Alonso CA., Alvarez-Fernández F., Alves C., Borjas-Fajardo L., Bozzo WR., Bravo ML., Builes JJ., Capilla J., Carvalho M., Castillo C., Catanesi CI., Corach D., Lonardo D., Espinheira R., De F., Farfán MJ., Figueiredo HP., Gomes I., Lojo MM., Marino M., Pinheiro MF., Pontes ML., Prieto V., Ramos-Luis E., Riancho JA., Góes S., Santapa OA., Sumita DR., Vallejo G., Rioja V., Vide MC., Da V., Whittle MR., Zabala W., Zarrabeitia MT., Alonso A., Carracedo A. and Amorim A. (2005), 'Mutation rates at Y chromosome specific microsatellites.', Hum Mutat 26(6):520-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Domingues PM., Gusmão L., Silva D., Amorim A., Pereira RW. and Carvalho D. (2007), 'Sub-Saharan Africa descendents in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil): population and mutational data for 12 Y-STR loci.', Int J Legal Med 121(3):238-41 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Schwengber SP., Kommers T., Matte CH., Raimann PE., Carvalho BA., Leite FP., Medeiros MA., Souza LF., Castro CS., Chassot FG. and Bonatto SL. (2009), 'Population data of 17 Y-STR loci from Rio Grande do Sul state (South Brazil).', Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(1):e31-3 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Wolfgramm-Ede V., Silva BC., Aguiar VR., Malta FS., Castro D., Ferreira AC., Prezoti AN., Paula D. and Louro ID. (2011), 'Genetic analysis of 15 autosomal and 12 Y-STR loci in the Espirito Santo State population, Brazil.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(3):e41-3 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Palha T., Ribeiro-Rodrigues E., Ribeiro-dos-Santos A. and Santos S. (2012), 'Fourteen short tandem repeat loci Y chromosome haplotypes: Genetic analysis in populations from northern Brazil.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 6(3):413-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Palha TJ., Rodrigues EM. and Santos D. (2010), 'Y-STR haplotypes of Native American populations from the Brazilian Amazon region.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 4(5):e121-3 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Roewer L., Nothnagel M., Gusmão L., Gomes V., González M., Corach D., Sala A., Alechine E., Palha T., Santos N., Ribeiro-Dos-Santos A., Geppert M., Willuweit S., Nagy M., Zweynert S., Baeta M., Núñez C., Martínez-Jarreta B., González-Andrade F., De F., Silva D., Builes JJ., Turbón D., Parra L., Arroyo-Pardo E., Toscanini U., Borjas L., Barletta C., Ewart E., Santos S. and Krawczak M. (2013), 'Continent-wide decoupling of Y-chromosomal genetic variation from language and geography in native South Americans.', PLoS Genet 9(4):e1003460 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Nascimento E., Cerqueira E., Azevedo E., Freitas V. and Azevedo D. (2009), 'The Africa male lineages of Bahia's people—Northeast Brazil: A preliminary SNPs study', Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series 2:349-50
  • Chemale G., Freitas D., Badaraco JL., Ldos R., Martins JA., Martins AD., Jacques GS. and Paranaíba D. (2014), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in a sample from Brasília, Federal District, Brazil.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 9:e3-4 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Rêgo GE., Monte SM., Moura-Neto D. and Oliveira D. (2014), 'Allele frequencies and population data for 17 Y-STR loci in Paraiba population, Brazil.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 13:e18-9 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Barra GB., Chianca CF., Rita S., Velasco LF. and Souza D. (2014), 'Haplotype diversity of 23 Y-chromosomal STRs in a population sample from the Federal District (Brazil)--a territory that arose from nothing.', Int J Legal Med 128:945-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Jannuzzi J., Ribeiro J., Alho C., Oliveira D., Cicarelli R., Dutra S., Ferreira S., Fridman C., Gomes V., Loiola S., Mota D., Â RDS., Souza D., Sousa D., Carvalho EF. and Gusmão L. (2020), 'Male lineages in Brazilian populations and performance of haplogroup prediction tools.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 44:102163 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Xu H., Wang CC., Shrestha R., Wang LX., Zhang M., He Y., Kidd JR., Kidd KK., Jin L. and Li H. (2015), 'Inferring population structure and demographic history using Y‐STR data from worldwide populations', Mol Genet Genomics 290(1):141-50 [DOI]
  • Fonseca L., Henrique C. and Soares R. (2019), '17 Y-STR haplotype diversity in São Paulo state (southeast of Brazil)', Int J Legal Med 133, Issue 1, pp 81–83(1):81-83 [Link] [DOI]
  • Ambrosio IB., Braganholi DF., Orlando LBM., Andrekenas NC., Mota D., Silva D., Astolfi-Filho S., Carvalho D., Cicarelli RMB. and Gusmão L. (2020), 'Mutational data and population profiling of 23 Y-STRs in three Brazilian populations', For Sci Int Genet 48:102348 [DOI]
  • Stange VS., Silva R., Mariano F., Lima M., Mayumi C., De F., De E., Madeira A., Drumond I. and Gusmão L. (2019), 'Stratification among European descent and admixed Brazilian populations of Espírito Santo for 27 Y-STRs', For Sci Int Genet 41:e20-e22 [DOI]
  • Romero JK., Bittencourt EA., Soares-Vieira JA., Pacheco AC., Soares AL. and Iwamura ESM. (2021), 'Systematic STR analysis of old post-vasectomy seminal fluid stains to examine evidence stored for 16 years.', Sci Rep 11(1):8918 [PubMed] [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005696, YA005978, YA005140, YA005540, YA005381, YA005128, YA005551, YA005454, YA005789, YA005967, YA005091, YA005980, YA005198, YA005727, YA005187, YA005286, YA005292, YA005202, YA005500, YA005258, YA005693, YA005793, YA005769, YA005420, YA005813, YA005129, YA005239, YA005499, YA005899
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here