Information on the National Database "Germany"

The National Database "Germany" consists of 8,984 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 13 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (9 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
289 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,14
222 14 13 29 23 11 13 13 11,14
159 14 12 28 22 10 11 13 13,14
144 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 11,14
106 16 13 29 25 10 11 13 11,14
88 14 13 29 23 10 13 13 11,14
85 14 12 28 23 10 11 13 13,14
83 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,15
73 17 13 30 25 10 11 13 10,14
66 16 13 30 25 10 11 13 11,14
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
83 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 23 11,14
76 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
60 10 12 11 28 10 16 14 11 13 22 13,14
43 10 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
41 10 13 11 29 11 14 16 11 13 25 11,14
32 10 13 10 30 11 14 17 11 13 25 10,14
31 10 12 11 28 10 16 14 11 13 23 13,14
27 10 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 23 11,14
27 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,15
26 11 13 11 29 12 15 14 13 13 23 11,14
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
14 14 12 22 28 15 14 13,14 13 10 11 22 11 11 16 10 20
11 16 13 25 30 17 17 10,14 13 10 10 23 11 12 14 11 20
11 17 13 25 29 16 16 11,14 13 10 11 23 11 12 14 11 20
10 14 12 23 28 15 14 13,14 13 10 11 22 11 11 16 10 20
8 15 13 24 29 18 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
8 16 13 24 29 17 14 11,15 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
8 17 13 25 29 16 15 11,14 13 10 11 23 11 12 14 11 20
7 14 12 22 28 15 14 13,14 13 10 11 21 11 11 16 10 20
7 15 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 11 11 23 13 12 15 12 19
7 16 13 24 29 16 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
4 18 12 20 28 14 10 25 12 11 10 16 19 22 22 11 11 11 13 15 13,14 14 11
3 16 12 19 28 14 10 26 12 11 10 16 19 23 22 12 11 12 13 15 13,14 15 10
3 18 12 19 28 14 11 22 13 12 12 14 17 24 24 12 14 10 13 20 11,14 15 12
3 19 13 19 29 14 11 23 12 12 12 15 17 23 24 12 13 10 13 17 12,14 15 12
3 20 13 19 29 14 10 22 13 12 12 15 17 23 25 13 13 11 13 16 11,14 16 12
2 16 12 19 28 14 10 23 14 12 9 16 16 21 24 12 11 9 12 16 14,17 12 11
2 16 12 19 28 15 10 22 14 12 9 16 17 22 24 12 11 9 12 16 13,17 13 11
2 16 12 19 29 15 10 23 12 12 9 16 17 22 24 12 11 9 12 16 10,17 13 11
2 16 12 20 28 14 11 26 12 11 10 16 20 23 22 12 11 12 12 15 13,14 14 11
2 16 12 20 28 15 10 24 12 11 10 15 19 23 22 11 11 12 13 15 12,14 14 11
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
2 17 13 23 29 21 11 17 14 12 19 10 17 24 11 13 38 17 15 11,14 32 13 11 21 35,37 13
2 17 13 23 29 22 10 17 14 12 19 10 16 23 12 13 40 18 15 11,14 29 13 11 22 35,36 12
2 18 13 24 30 17 11 15 16 13 20 11 15 24 11 11 41 20 14 11,15 30 13 10 23 37,39 12
2 19 13 23 30 24 11 17 14 12 19 10 17 24 12 13 39 19 15 11,14 29 13 13 23 35,36 12
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS439 DYS438 DYS437 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS576 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS570 DYS643 DYS627 DYS460 DYS518 DYS449 DYF387S1
2 14 13 29 23 10 13 13 11,14 11 12 15 16 17 23 12 19 17 22 12 12 18 10 22 10 40 29 35,36
2 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 11,14 11 11 15 17 17 23 12 19 17 21 13 13 17 10 21 11 38 32 35,37

Population studies

  • Purps J., Siegert S., Willuweit S., Nagy M., Alves C., Salazar R., Angustia SM., Santos LH., Anslinger K., Bayer B., Ayub Q., Wei W., Xue Y., Tyler-Smith C., Bafalluy MB., Martínez-Jarreta B., Egyed B., Balitzki B., Tschumi S., Ballard D., Court DS., Barrantes X., Bäßler G., Wiest T., Berger B., Niederstätter H., Parson W., Davis C., Budowle B., Burri H., Borer U., Koller C., Carvalho EF., Domingues PM., Chamoun WT., Coble MD., Hill CR., Corach D., Caputo M., D'Amato ME., Davison S., Decorte R., Larmuseau MH., Ottoni C., Rickards O., Lu D., Jiang C., Dobosz T., Jonkisz A., Frank WE., Furac I., Gehrig C., Castella V., Grskovic B., Haas C., Wobst J., Hadzic G., Drobnic K., Honda K., Hou Y., Zhou D., Li Y., Hu S., Chen S., Immel UD., Lessig R., Jakovski Z., Ilievska T., Klann AE., García CC., Knijff D., Kraaijenbrink T., Kondili A., Miniati P., Vouropoulou M., Kovacevic L., Marjanovic D., Lindner I., Mansour I., Al-Azem M., Andari AE., Marino M., Furfuro S., Locarno L., Martín P., Luque GM., Alonso A., Miranda LS., Moreira H., Mizuno N., Iwashima Y., Neto RS., Nogueira TL., Silva R., Nastainczyk-Wulf M., Edelmann J., Kohl M., Nie S., Wang X., Cheng B., Núñez C., Pancorbo MM., Olofsson JK., Morling N., Onofri V., Tagliabracci A., Pamjav H., Volgyi A., Barany G., Pawlowski R., Maciejewska A., Pelotti S., Pepinski W., Abreu-Glowacka M., Phillips C., Cárdenas J., Rey-Gonzalez D., Salas A., Brisighelli F., Capelli C., Toscanini U., Piccinini A., Piglionica M., Baldassarra SL., Ploski R., Konarzewska M., Jastrzebska E., Robino C., Sajantila A., Palo JU., Guevara E., Salvador J., Ungria MC., Rodriguez JJ., Schmidt U., Schlauderer N., Saukko P., Schneider PM., Sirker M., Shin KJ., Oh YN., Skitsa I., Ampati A., Smith TG., Calvit LS., Stenzl V., Capal T., Tillmar A., Nilsson H., Turrina S., Leo D., Verzeletti A., Cortellini V., Wetton JH., Gwynne GM., Jobling MA., Whittle MR., Sumita DR., Wolańska-Nowak P., Yong RY., Krawczak M., Nothnagel M. and Roewer L. (2014), 'A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 12:12-23 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Roewer L., Krawczak M., Willuweit S., Nagy M., Alves C., Amorim A., Anslinger K., Augustin C., Betz A., Bosch E., Cagliá A., Carracedo A., Corach D., Dekairelle AF., Dobosz T., Dupuy BM., Füredi S., Gehrig C., Gusmaõ L., Henke J., Henke L., Hidding M., Hohoff C., Hoste B., Jobling MA., Kärgel HJ., Knijff D., Lessig R., Liebeherr E., Lorente M., Martínez-Jarreta B., Nievas P., Nowak M., Parson W., Pascali VL., Penacino G., Ploski R., Rolf B., Sala A., Schmidt U., Schmitt C., Schneider PM., Szibor R., Teifel-Greding J. and Kayser M. (2001), 'Online reference database of European Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (STR) haplotypes.', Forensic Sci Int 118(2-3):106-13 [PubMed]
  • Anslinger K., Keil W., Weichhold G. and Eisenmenger W. (2000), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in a population sample from Bavaria.', Int J Legal Med 113(3):189-92 [PubMed]
  • Schmidt U., Meier N. and Lutz S. (2003), 'Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in a population sample from southwest Germany (Freiburg area).', Int J Legal Med 117(4):211-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Schneider PM., Meuser S., Waiyawuth W., Seo Y. and Rittner C. (1998), 'Tandem repeat structure of the duplicated Y-chromosomal STR locus DYS385 and frequency studies in the German and three Asian populations.', Forensic Sci Int 97(1):61-70 [PubMed]
  • Hidding M. and Schmitt C. (2000), 'Haplotype frequencies and population data of nine Y-chromosomal STR polymorphisms in a German and a Chinese population.', Forensic Sci Int 113(1-3):47-53 [PubMed]
  • Henke J., Henke L., Chatthopadhyay P., Kayser M., Dülmer M., Cleef S., Pöche H. and Felske-Zech H. (2001), 'Application of Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes to forensic genetics.', Croat Med J 42(3):292-7 [PubMed]
  • Immel UD., Kleiber M. and Klintschar M. (2005), 'Y chromosome polymorphisms and haplotypes in South Saxony-Anhalt (Germany).', Forensic Sci Int 155(2-3):211-5 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Hohoff C., Dewa K., Sibbing U., Hoppe K., Forster P. and Brinkmann B. (2007), 'Y-chromosomal microsatellite mutation rates in a population sample from northwestern Germany.', Int J Legal Med 121(5):359-63 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Lessig R. and Edelmann J. (1998), 'Y chromosome polymorphisms and haplotypes in west Saxony (Germany).', Int J Legal Med 111(4):215-8 [PubMed]
  • Kayser M., Lao O., Anslinger K., Augustin C., Bargel G., Edelmann J., Elias S., Heinrich M., Henke J., Henke L., Hohoff C., Illing A., Jonkisz A., Kuzniar P., Lebioda A., Lessig R., Lewicki S., Maciejewska A., Monies DM., Pawłowski R., Poetsch M., Schmid D., Schmidt U., Schneider PM., Stradmann-Bellinghausen B., Szibor R., Wegener R., Wozniak M., Zoledziewska M., Roewer L., Dobosz T. and Ploski R. (2005), 'Significant genetic differentiation between Poland and Germany follows present-day political borders, as revealed by Y-chromosome analysis.', Hum Genet 117(5):428-43 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Rodig H., Grum M. and Grimmecke HD. (2007), 'Population study and evaluation of 20 Y-chromosome STR loci in Germans.', Int J Legal Med 121(1):24-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Junge A. and Madea B. (1999), 'Population studies of the Y-chromosome specific polymorphisms DYS19, DYS389 I + II, DYS390 and DYS393 in a western German population (Bonn area).', Forensic Sci Int 101(3):195-201 [PubMed]

Personal communications

YA005428, YA005524, YA005213, YA005318, YA005282, YA005518, YA005203, YA005342, YA005326
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here