Information on the National Database "Iraq"

The National Database "Iraq" consists of 2,412 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 6 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (5 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
68 14 13 30 23 11 11 12 13,19
50 14 13 30 23 11 11 12 13,18
40 14 13 29 23 11 11 12 13,18
33 14 13 29 23 11 11 12 13,19
26 14 13 29 23 10 11 12 13,16
25 15 13 30 25 10 11 13 11,14
22 14 13 29 23 10 11 12 13,18
21 14 14 31 24 10 11 13 18,19
19 14 13 30 23 10 11 12 13,18
18 14 13 29 23 12 11 12 13,19
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
62 11 13 11 30 10 14 14 11 12 23 13,19
41 11 13 11 30 10 14 14 11 12 23 13,18
34 11 13 11 29 10 14 14 11 12 23 13,18
23 10 13 10 30 11 14 15 11 13 25 11,14
23 11 13 11 29 10 14 14 11 12 23 13,19
18 10 13 11 29 10 14 14 11 12 23 13,18
15 10 13 11 29 9 15 14 11 12 23 12,20
14 10 13 11 30 9 14 14 11 12 24 12,15
14 12 13 11 30 10 14 14 11 12 23 13,19
13 10 13 11 30 9 14 15 11 12 25 13,15
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
17 15 13 25 30 16 15 11,14 13 10 10 23 11 13 14 11 20
16 14 13 23 30 19.2 14 13,19 12 11 11 21 11 11 14 10 20
13 15 13 23 29 15 14 12,20 12 10 11 21 11 13 15 9 19
12 14 13 23 30 19.2 14 13,18 12 11 11 21 11 11 14 10 20
10 14 13 23 30 18 14 13,19 12 11 11 21 11 11 14 10 20
10 14 13 23 30 19.2 14 13,19 12 12 11 21 11 11 14 10 20
10 15 14 24 31 16 14 18,19 13 10 12 20 11 12 14 10 20
9 14 13 23 29 18.2 14 13,18 12 11 11 21 11 11 14 10 20
9 14 13 23 30 18.2 14 13,19 12 11 11 21 11 11 14 10 20
9 15 13 23 30 18.2 14 13,19 12 11 11 21 11 11 14 10 20
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
5 17 14 20 31 14 10 22 13 11 10 14 20 20 24 12 11 13 13 16 18,19 15 12
5 18 13 20 30 14 11 26 13 11 10 14 18 21 23 11 11 9 12 19.2 13,18 14 11
4 18 13 20 30 14 11 27 13 11 10 14 18 21 23 11 11 9 12 18.2 13,19 15 11
3 17 13 20 30 15 10 23 12 12 11 14 18 23 25 10 11 10 13 16 11,14 15 13
3 17 13 21 29 14 10 25 12 12 9 15 16 23 23 11 11 10 12 16 13,16 15 11
3 17 14 20 31 14 9 25 13 11 10 14 18 22 24 12 11 13 13 15 16,17 15 12
3 18 13 20 29 14 11 24 12 11 10 14 18 21 23 11 11 9 12 18.2 13,18 14 11
3 18 13 20 30 14 10 23 12 11 9 14 17 22 24 11 11 10 12 17 12,15 15 11
3 18 13 20 30 14 10 25 13 11 10 14 16 21 23 11 11 9 12 19.2 13,18 14 11
3 18 13 20 30 14 11 26 13 11 10 14 18 21 23 11 11 9 12 19.2 13,19 14 11

 There are no Y27 haplotypes or all haplotypes are singletons.

 There are no Ymax haplotypes or all haplotypes are singletons.

Population studies

  • Brinkmann C., Forster P., Schürenkamp M., Horst J., Rolf B. and Brinkmann B. (1999), 'Human Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes in a Kurdish population sample.', Int J Legal Med 112(3):181-3 [PubMed]
  • Purps J., Siegert S., Willuweit S., Nagy M., Alves C., Salazar R., Angustia SM., Santos LH., Anslinger K., Bayer B., Ayub Q., Wei W., Xue Y., Tyler-Smith C., Bafalluy MB., Martínez-Jarreta B., Egyed B., Balitzki B., Tschumi S., Ballard D., Court DS., Barrantes X., Bäßler G., Wiest T., Berger B., Niederstätter H., Parson W., Davis C., Budowle B., Burri H., Borer U., Koller C., Carvalho EF., Domingues PM., Chamoun WT., Coble MD., Hill CR., Corach D., Caputo M., D'Amato ME., Davison S., Decorte R., Larmuseau MH., Ottoni C., Rickards O., Lu D., Jiang C., Dobosz T., Jonkisz A., Frank WE., Furac I., Gehrig C., Castella V., Grskovic B., Haas C., Wobst J., Hadzic G., Drobnic K., Honda K., Hou Y., Zhou D., Li Y., Hu S., Chen S., Immel UD., Lessig R., Jakovski Z., Ilievska T., Klann AE., García CC., Knijff D., Kraaijenbrink T., Kondili A., Miniati P., Vouropoulou M., Kovacevic L., Marjanovic D., Lindner I., Mansour I., Al-Azem M., Andari AE., Marino M., Furfuro S., Locarno L., Martín P., Luque GM., Alonso A., Miranda LS., Moreira H., Mizuno N., Iwashima Y., Neto RS., Nogueira TL., Silva R., Nastainczyk-Wulf M., Edelmann J., Kohl M., Nie S., Wang X., Cheng B., Núñez C., Pancorbo MM., Olofsson JK., Morling N., Onofri V., Tagliabracci A., Pamjav H., Volgyi A., Barany G., Pawlowski R., Maciejewska A., Pelotti S., Pepinski W., Abreu-Glowacka M., Phillips C., Cárdenas J., Rey-Gonzalez D., Salas A., Brisighelli F., Capelli C., Toscanini U., Piccinini A., Piglionica M., Baldassarra SL., Ploski R., Konarzewska M., Jastrzebska E., Robino C., Sajantila A., Palo JU., Guevara E., Salvador J., Ungria MC., Rodriguez JJ., Schmidt U., Schlauderer N., Saukko P., Schneider PM., Sirker M., Shin KJ., Oh YN., Skitsa I., Ampati A., Smith TG., Calvit LS., Stenzl V., Capal T., Tillmar A., Nilsson H., Turrina S., Leo D., Verzeletti A., Cortellini V., Wetton JH., Gwynne GM., Jobling MA., Whittle MR., Sumita DR., Wolańska-Nowak P., Yong RY., Krawczak M., Nothnagel M. and Roewer L. (2014), 'A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 12:12-23 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Dogan S., Gurkan C., Dogan M., Balkaya HE., Tunc R., Demirdov DK., Ameen NA. and Marjanovic D. (2017), 'A glimpse at the intricate mosaic of ethnicities from Mesopotamia: Paternal lineages of the Northern Iraqi Arabs, Kurds, Syriacs, Turkmens and Yazidis', PLoS ONE 12(11):e0187408 [DOI]
  • Al-Zubaidi MM., Nader MI., Sabbah MA., Mohammed EG., Mahmood HK., Hasan DH., Salih KM., Ramadhan AT., Sadeq AH., Nassief SS. and Khlewee MA. (2019), 'Estimation of Allele and Haplotype Frequencies for 17 YSTR Markers in the Diyala Arab Population', Iraqi Journal of Biotechnology 18(1):67-76
  • Lazim H., Almohammed EK., Hadi S. and Smith J. (2020), 'Population genetic diversity in an Iraqi population and gene flow across the Arabian Peninsula', Scientific Reports 10:15289 [Link] [DOI]
  • Mahmood HK., Salman NF., Salih KM., Hasan DH. and Al-Zubaidi MM. (2020), 'Frequency of Y-chromosome STRs using PowerPlex® Y23 System in Iraqi population', Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences 10(12): [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005293, YA005723, YA005137, YA005740, YA005683
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here