Information on the National Database "United States"

The National Database "United States" consists of 40,854 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 13 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (32 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
1373 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,14
577 14 13 29 23 11 13 13 11,14
576 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 11,14
379 14 14 30 24 11 13 13 11,14
356 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,15
294 14 13 30 24 11 13 13 11,14
292 14 12 28 22 10 11 13 13,14
250 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 11,15
227 14 13 29 25 11 13 13 11,14
210 14 13 30 24 10 13 13 11,14
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
483 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
235 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 23 11,14
226 11 13 11 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
210 10 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
186 10 12 11 28 10 16 14 11 13 22 13,14
138 11 13 13 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
135 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,15
127 11 13 12 30 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
122 11 13 12 29 12 14 14 13 13 24 11,14
118 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 14 13 25 11,13
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
46 16 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
41 15 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
35 16 13 24 29 16 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
31 17 13 25 29 17 14 11,13 13 11 12 23 14 12 15 12 18
29 15 14 23 32 15 13 15,18 13 10 10 22 15 13 15 12 20
25 15 13,14 24 29 15 14 13,15 13 11 10,11 23 13 11 15 12 19
25 16 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 10 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
24 16 13 24 29 18 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
23 15 12 25 28 15 14 16,17 14 10 12 22 14 12 14 11 20
23 15 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 11 11 23 13 12 15 12 19
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
21 16 14 20 32 13 10 26 14 11 12 15 19 22 23 10 15 10 13 15 15,18 15 13
14 17 13 19 30 13 10 23 12 12 11 14 20 23 24 11 14 10 13 15 14,15 17 11
13 16 13 19 30 14 10 25 12 11 11 14 19 22 25 11 16 10 13 15 12,18 15 12
10 18 13 21 29 14 9 25 12 13 10 14 17 22 23 11 11 9 12 18 15,15 15 11
9 16 14 18 30 14 11 22 13 12 12 14 19 25 24 12 13 10 13 18 11,14 16 11
9 18 12 20 28 14 10 25 13 10 11 14 17 22 25 11 15 10 14 15 16,17 15 12
9 18 12 20 28 14 10 25 13 11 11 14 17 22 25 12 14 10 14 15 16,17 15 12
9 18 14 20 30 13 9 27 11 11 10 14 22 21 24 10 11 12 13 18 13,14 16 12
8 17 13 21 29 15 9 25 12 13 10 14 16 22 23 11 11 9 12 18 15,15 14 11
8 17 13 21 29 15 9 26 12 13 10 14 16 22 23 11 11 9 12 18 15,15 15 11
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
14 16 14 22 32 22 10 15 13 13 20 10 15 23 12 15 36 19 15 15,18 31 13 10 26 35,40 11
8 17 13 22 29 21 11 18 15 11 21 9 15 23 10 11 40 16 14 15,15 28 12 11 26 37,38 13
8 18 13 23 31 21 10 16 13 12 0 10 16 23 11 14 39 18 14 14,17 27 13 11 23 35,40 11
7 17 13 22 29 21 11 18 15 11 21 9 14 23 10 11 40 16 14 15,15 28 12 11 25 37,38 13
6 16 12 22 28 18.2 11 16 14 11 20 10 14 22 10 11 41 19 15 13,14 30 13 11 25 38,38 11
6 16 13 22 29 18 11 15 14 12 19 10 15 25 11 14 39 20 14 12,18 27 13 11 25 36,38 11
6 16 13 22 30 18 11 15 14 12 19 10 15 25 11 16 39 19 14 12,18 27 13 11 25 36,38 11
6 17 12 23 29 20 10 18 15 10 18 10 15 24 10 13 40 16 14 14,17 27 15 13 23 37,39 10
6 17 13 23 30 20 11 15 13 11 19 10 17 24 11 14 40 20 14 14,15 29 13 11 23 34,40 12
6 18 13 22 29 21 11 18 14 11 21 9 15 23 10 11 39 17 14 15,15 29 12 11 25 37,38 13
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS439 DYS438 DYS437 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS576 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS570 DYS643 DYS627 DYS460 DYS518 DYS449 DYF387S1
13 13 14 32 23 10 15 13 15,18 10 12 15 15 15 22 13 20 16 26 14 11 19 10 22 10 36 31 35,40
8 15 13 29 23 9 11 12 15,15 11 10 14 15 18 22 11 21 17 26 12 13 16 9 21 11 40 28 37,38
6 13 13 30 24 10 14 13 14,15 11 11 14 17 15 23 11 19 17 23 12 12 20 10 20 11 40 29 34,40
6 13 13 31 23 10 14 13 14,17 11 11 14 16 16 23 12 0 18 23 14 11 18 10 21 10 39 27 35,40
6 14 13 30 25 10 16 13 12,18 11 11 14 15 15 22 12 19 16 25 12 11 19 10 18 11 39 27 36,38
6 15 12 29 24 10 13 15 14,17 13 10 14 15 18 23 10 18 17 23 11 10 16 10 20 10 40 27 37,39
6 15 13 29 23 9 11 12 15,15 11 10 14 14 18 22 11 21 17 25 12 13 16 9 21 11 40 28 37,38
5 13 12 28 24 10 16 13 14,17 12 11 14 15 16 23 13 20 19 25 12 11 19 10 18 11 37 30 37,42
5 13 13 28 24 10 14 13 15,16 11 11 14 17 15 23 11 19 17 24 11 12 19 10 20 11 38 29 35,40
5 13 14 33 24 10 13 13 16,17 13 11 14 15 17 23 13 20 18 25 11 11 15 10 21 10 37 29 36,37

Population studies

  • Kayser M., Brauer S., Schädlich H., Prinz M., Batzer MA., Zimmerman PA., Boatin BA. and Stoneking M. (2003), 'Y chromosome STR haplotypes and the genetic structure of U.S. populations of African, European, and Hispanic ancestry.', Genome Res 13(4):624-34 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Steffen CR., Huszar TI., Borsuk LA., Vallone PM. and Gettings KB. (2022), 'A multi-dimensional evaluation of the ‘NIST 1032’ sample set across four forensic Y-STR multiplexes', For Sci Int Genet Epub ahead of print:In press [DOI]
  • Frank WE., Ellinger ER. and Krishack PA. (2006), 'Y chromosome STR haplotypes and allele frequencies in Illinois Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic males.', J Forensic Sci 51(5):1207-15 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Budowle B., Ge J., Aranda XG., Planz JV., Eisenberg AJ. and Chakraborty R. (2009), 'Texas population substructure and its impact on estimating the rarity of Y STR haplotypes from DNA evidence*.', J Forensic Sci 54(5):1016-21 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Bolnick DA., Bolnick DI. and Smith DG. (2006), 'Asymmetric male and female genetic histories among Native Americans from Eastern North America.', Mol Biol Evol 23(11):2161-74 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Valverde L., Rosique M., Köhnemann S., Cardoso S., García A., Odriozola A., Aznar JM., Celorrio D., Schuerenkamp M., Zubizarreta J., Davis MC., Hampikian G., Pfeiffer H. and Pancorbo D. (2012), 'Y-STR variation in the Basque diaspora in the Western USA: evolutionary and forensic perspectives.', Int J Legal Med 126(2):293-8 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Davis C., Ge J., Chidambaram A., King J., Turnbough M., Collins M., Dym O., Chakraborty R., Eisenberg AJ. and Budowle B. (2011), 'Y-STR loci diversity in native Alaskan populations.', Int J Legal Med 125(4):559-63 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Purps J., Siegert S., Willuweit S., Nagy M., Alves C., Salazar R., Angustia SM., Santos LH., Anslinger K., Bayer B., Ayub Q., Wei W., Xue Y., Tyler-Smith C., Bafalluy MB., Martínez-Jarreta B., Egyed B., Balitzki B., Tschumi S., Ballard D., Court DS., Barrantes X., Bäßler G., Wiest T., Berger B., Niederstätter H., Parson W., Davis C., Budowle B., Burri H., Borer U., Koller C., Carvalho EF., Domingues PM., Chamoun WT., Coble MD., Hill CR., Corach D., Caputo M., D'Amato ME., Davison S., Decorte R., Larmuseau MH., Ottoni C., Rickards O., Lu D., Jiang C., Dobosz T., Jonkisz A., Frank WE., Furac I., Gehrig C., Castella V., Grskovic B., Haas C., Wobst J., Hadzic G., Drobnic K., Honda K., Hou Y., Zhou D., Li Y., Hu S., Chen S., Immel UD., Lessig R., Jakovski Z., Ilievska T., Klann AE., García CC., Knijff D., Kraaijenbrink T., Kondili A., Miniati P., Vouropoulou M., Kovacevic L., Marjanovic D., Lindner I., Mansour I., Al-Azem M., Andari AE., Marino M., Furfuro S., Locarno L., Martín P., Luque GM., Alonso A., Miranda LS., Moreira H., Mizuno N., Iwashima Y., Neto RS., Nogueira TL., Silva R., Nastainczyk-Wulf M., Edelmann J., Kohl M., Nie S., Wang X., Cheng B., Núñez C., Pancorbo MM., Olofsson JK., Morling N., Onofri V., Tagliabracci A., Pamjav H., Volgyi A., Barany G., Pawlowski R., Maciejewska A., Pelotti S., Pepinski W., Abreu-Glowacka M., Phillips C., Cárdenas J., Rey-Gonzalez D., Salas A., Brisighelli F., Capelli C., Toscanini U., Piccinini A., Piglionica M., Baldassarra SL., Ploski R., Konarzewska M., Jastrzebska E., Robino C., Sajantila A., Palo JU., Guevara E., Salvador J., Ungria MC., Rodriguez JJ., Schmidt U., Schlauderer N., Saukko P., Schneider PM., Sirker M., Shin KJ., Oh YN., Skitsa I., Ampati A., Smith TG., Calvit LS., Stenzl V., Capal T., Tillmar A., Nilsson H., Turrina S., Leo D., Verzeletti A., Cortellini V., Wetton JH., Gwynne GM., Jobling MA., Whittle MR., Sumita DR., Wolańska-Nowak P., Yong RY., Krawczak M., Nothnagel M. and Roewer L. (2014), 'A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 12:12-23 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Calderon S., Perez-Benedico D., Mesa L., Guyton D., Rowold DJ. and Herrera RJ. (2013), 'Phylogenetic and forensic studies of the Southeast Florida Hispanic population using the next-generation forensic PowerPlex Y23 STR marker system', Leg Med (Tokyo) 15(6):289-92 [DOI]
  • Xu H., Wang CC., Shrestha R., Wang LX., Zhang M., He Y., Kidd JR., Kidd KK., Jin L. and Li H. (2015), 'Inferring population structure and demographic history using Y‐STR data from worldwide populations', Mol Genet Genomics 290(1):141-50 [DOI]
  • Pignone ML., Manzella AM., Galusha M., Le J. and Moreno LI. (2022), 'Y-STR Sample Haplotypes From Five United States of America Population Groups', Forensic Science International: Reports 100274:In press [DOI]
  • Frank WE., Ralph HC. and Tahir MA. (2008), 'Y chromosome STR haplotypes and allele frequencies in a southern Indian male population.', J Forensic Sci 53(1):248-51 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Ge J., Budowle B., Planz JV., Eisenberg AJ., Ballantyne J. and Chakraborty R. (2010), 'US forensic Y-chromosome short tandem repeats database.', Leg Med (Tokyo) 12(6):289-95 [PubMed] [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005795, YA005221, YA005093, YA005603, YA005394, YA005911, YA005534, YA005779, YA005418, YA005309, YA005134, YA005266, YA005207, YA005260, YA005840, YA005402, YA005337, YA005197, YA005700, YA005461, YA005841, YA005359, YA005718, YA005824, YA005610, YA005924, YA005082, YA005035, YA005602, YA005775, YA005918, YA005372, YA005041, YA005883, YA005910, YA005448, YA005843, YA005283, YA005969, YA005414, YA005308, YA005154, YA005535, YA005363, YA005669, YA005901, YA005958, YA005262, YA005484, YA005615, YA005382, YA005889, YA005532
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here