Information on the National Database "India"

The National Database "India" consists of 8,948 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 25 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (15 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
108 16 13 30 25 11 11 13 11,14
67 15 14 31 25 10 11 13 11,14
65 15 13 31 25 10 11 13 11,14
62 14 12 28 22 10 14 11 13,17
61 15 14 32 25 10 11 13 11,14
59 15 12 28 22 10 11 12 15,16
58 15 13 29 22 10 14 12 9,16
52 16 13 31 25 11 11 13 11,14
46 15 13 30 25 10 11 13 11,14
42 15 14 30 22 10 11 12 15,16
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
81 11 13 10 30 11 14 16 11 13 25 11,14
55 10 12 11 28 9 14 15 11 12 22 15,16
52 10 13 10 31 11 14 15 11 13 25 11,14
47 10 14 10 32 11 14 15 11 13 25 11,14
40 10 14 10 31 11 14 15 11 13 25 11,14
39 9 12 12 28 10 15 17 11 12 23 15,18
37 11 13 10 31 11 14 16 11 13 25 11,14
33 10 14 11 30 9 14 15 11 12 22 15,16
31 11 13 10 30 11 14 15 11 13 25 11,14
28 10 13 10 30 11 14 15 11 13 25 11,14
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
35 13 12 23 28 18 17 15,18 12 9 12 21 11 12 15 10 19
23 15 13 22 29 16 15 16,16 12 10 11 22 11 11 14 8 18
22 15 13 25 30 16 16 11,14 13 11 10 23 11 13 14 11 20
17 15 13 25 31 16 15 11,14 13 10 10 23 11 13 14 11 20
15 15 14 22 30 18 15 15,16 12 10 11 20 11 12 14 9 19
13 15 14 25 31 16 15 11,14 13 10 10 23 11 13 14 11 20
13 16 12 22 28 18 15 15,16 12 10 11 20 11 12 14 9 19
12 15 13 24 31 16 16 11,14 13 10 10 23 11 13 14 11 20
11 15 13 23 28 17 14 13,18 14 10 13 26 10 12 14 11 19
11 16 13 24 32 17 17 13,14 13 10 10 23 11 13 14 12 20
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
24 18 12 19 28 17 9 24 10 10 10 15 18 21 23 12 11 10 12 18 15,18 13 12
13 18 14 19 30 15 10 24 12 12 9 14 19 20 22 11 11 9 12 18 15,16 15 12
10 16 13 20 30 16 11 22 12 12 11 14 20 23 25 10 11 10 13 16 11,14 15 13
10 19 13 20 31 15 10 23 12 12 11 14 19 23 25 10 11 10 13 16 11,14 15 13
9 18 13 20 31 16 10 23 12 12 11 14 19 23 24 10 11 10 13 16 11,14 15 13
7 19 13 20 29 16 10 24 12 11 11 14 18 24 26 10 11 10 13 17 12,14 15 13
6 16 13 19 29 15 11 25 12 12 10 14 20 19 22 11 11 12 11 16 13,16 13 11
6 17 12 19 28 14 10 23 14 11 10 15 15 23 23 12 14 10 11 14 13,16 16 12
6 19 13 18 29 17 10 23 12 10 10 14 18 22 24 12 13 13 14 17 15,20 16 10
6 19 13 19 29 15 10 23 11 12 9 14 18 20 22 11 11 9 12 17 16,17 16 11
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS635 DYS389II DYS627 DYS460 DYS458 DYS19 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS391 DYS456 DYS390 DYS438 DYS392 DYS518 DYS570 DYS437 DYS385 DYS449 DYS393 DYS439 DYS481 DYF387S1 DYS533
3 16 13 21 28 19 11 16 15 11 18 10 16 21 8 11 42 19 14 17,17 30 11 11 21 37,38 11
3 18 13 23 30 17 12 16 16 13 19 11 15 25 11 11 40 18 14 11,14 31 13 10 23 36,40 12
2 14 13 24 29 18 11 17 14 12 19 10 15 23 11 10 39 17 16 13,18 31 14 11 25 38,38 11
2 14 13 26 29 20 10 17 14 12 19 10 15 23 11 10 40 18 16 12,17 32 13 10 25 37,40 10
2 15 12 24 28 20 10 18 14 12 18 10 16 23 12 10 42 17 17 13,20 31 13 10 26 37,41 11
2 16 12 21 29 19 11 16 15 11 19 10 13 24 9 11 37 15 15 13,17 29 12 11 23 37,38 10
2 16 13 21 29 21 11 16 15 11 18 10 15 21 8 11 38 18 14 16,16 31 12 11 21 38,38 12
2 16 13 23 30 18 11 16 16 12 20 10 14 25 11 11 41 17 14 12,14 32 13 10 23 38,38 12
2 16 14 21 31 18 11 16 14 11 21 10 15 23 9 11 39 18 15 15,19 33 11 12 23 39,39 11
2 16 14 26 31 21 10 17 14 11 19 10 15 23 11 10 39 19 15 13,19 32 14 10 24 35,37 11
Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385 DYS439 DYS438 DYS437 DYS456 DYS458 DYS635 YGATAH4 DYS448 DYS576 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS570 DYS643 DYS627 DYS460 DYS518 DYS449 DYF387S1
2 14 12 28 23 10 14 12 12.2,20 11 11 15 15 17 20 14 20 20 23 12 11 21 13 18 9 35 33 35,38

Population studies

  • Nagy M., Henke L., Henke J., Chatthopadhyay PK., Völgyi A., Zalán A., Peterman O., Bernasovská J. and Pamjav H. (2007), 'Searching for the origin of Romanies: Slovakian Romani, Jats of Haryana and Jat Sikhs Y-STR data in comparison with different Romani populations.', Forensic Sci Int 169(1):19-26 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Henke J., Henke L., Chatthopadhyay P., Kayser M., Dülmer M., Cleef S., Pöche H. and Felske-Zech H. (2001), 'Application of Y-chromosomal STR haplotypes to forensic genetics.', Croat Med J 42(3):292-7 [PubMed]
  • Yadav B., Raina A. and Dogra TD. (2011), 'Haplotype diversity of 17 Y-chromosomal STRs in Saraswat Brahmin Community of North India.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(3):e63-70 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Ghosh T., Kalpana D., Mukerjee S., Mukherjee M., Sharma AK., Nath S., Rathod VR., Thakar MK. and Jha GN. (2011), 'Genetic diversity of 17 Y-short tandem repeats in Indian population.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 5(4):363-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Roy S., Noor S. and Haque I. (2012), 'Genetic analysis of 17 Y-chromosomal STRs haplotypes of three ethnic groups residing in West Bengal, India.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 6(1):e5-7 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Purps J., Siegert S., Willuweit S., Nagy M., Alves C., Salazar R., Angustia SM., Santos LH., Anslinger K., Bayer B., Ayub Q., Wei W., Xue Y., Tyler-Smith C., Bafalluy MB., Martínez-Jarreta B., Egyed B., Balitzki B., Tschumi S., Ballard D., Court DS., Barrantes X., Bäßler G., Wiest T., Berger B., Niederstätter H., Parson W., Davis C., Budowle B., Burri H., Borer U., Koller C., Carvalho EF., Domingues PM., Chamoun WT., Coble MD., Hill CR., Corach D., Caputo M., D'Amato ME., Davison S., Decorte R., Larmuseau MH., Ottoni C., Rickards O., Lu D., Jiang C., Dobosz T., Jonkisz A., Frank WE., Furac I., Gehrig C., Castella V., Grskovic B., Haas C., Wobst J., Hadzic G., Drobnic K., Honda K., Hou Y., Zhou D., Li Y., Hu S., Chen S., Immel UD., Lessig R., Jakovski Z., Ilievska T., Klann AE., García CC., Knijff D., Kraaijenbrink T., Kondili A., Miniati P., Vouropoulou M., Kovacevic L., Marjanovic D., Lindner I., Mansour I., Al-Azem M., Andari AE., Marino M., Furfuro S., Locarno L., Martín P., Luque GM., Alonso A., Miranda LS., Moreira H., Mizuno N., Iwashima Y., Neto RS., Nogueira TL., Silva R., Nastainczyk-Wulf M., Edelmann J., Kohl M., Nie S., Wang X., Cheng B., Núñez C., Pancorbo MM., Olofsson JK., Morling N., Onofri V., Tagliabracci A., Pamjav H., Volgyi A., Barany G., Pawlowski R., Maciejewska A., Pelotti S., Pepinski W., Abreu-Glowacka M., Phillips C., Cárdenas J., Rey-Gonzalez D., Salas A., Brisighelli F., Capelli C., Toscanini U., Piccinini A., Piglionica M., Baldassarra SL., Ploski R., Konarzewska M., Jastrzebska E., Robino C., Sajantila A., Palo JU., Guevara E., Salvador J., Ungria MC., Rodriguez JJ., Schmidt U., Schlauderer N., Saukko P., Schneider PM., Sirker M., Shin KJ., Oh YN., Skitsa I., Ampati A., Smith TG., Calvit LS., Stenzl V., Capal T., Tillmar A., Nilsson H., Turrina S., Leo D., Verzeletti A., Cortellini V., Wetton JH., Gwynne GM., Jobling MA., Whittle MR., Sumita DR., Wolańska-Nowak P., Yong RY., Krawczak M., Nothnagel M. and Roewer L. (2014), 'A global analysis of Y-chromosomal haplotype diversity for 23 STR loci.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 12:12-23 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Perez-Benedico D., Chennakrishnaiah S., Gayden T., Rowold DJ., Garcia-Bertrand R. and Herrera RJ. (2016), 'Y-STR markers from Ladakh in the Himalayas', Leg Med (Tokyo) 21:29-32 [DOI]
  • Xu H., Wang CC., Shrestha R., Wang LX., Zhang M., He Y., Kidd JR., Kidd KK., Jin L. and Li H. (2015), 'Inferring population structure and demographic history using Y‐STR data from worldwide populations', Mol Genet Genomics 290(1):141-50 [DOI]
  • Gao T., Yun L., Gu Y., He W., Wang Z. and Hou Y. (2015), 'Phylogenetic analysis and forensic characteristics of 12 populations using 23 Y-STR loci', For Sci Int Genet 19:130-3 [DOI]
  • Raghunath R., Krishnamoorthy K., Balasubramanian L. and Mohanram K. (2016), 'Genetic portrait of Tamil non-tribal and Irula tribal population using Y chromosome STR markers', International Journal of Legal Medicine 130(2):367-9 [Link] [DOI]
  • Shrivastava P., Jain T. and Trivedi VB. (2016), 'A genetic portrait of Oraon Indian tribe drawn with 15 autosomal and 17 Y chromosomal STR markers.', Int J Legal Med 130(5):1185-6 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Jain T., Shrivastava P. and Ben V. (2017), 'Genetic portrait of Majhi tribe of Chhattisgarh, India based on 15 autosomal STRs and 23 Y-STRs', International Journal of Legal Medicine 131(1):113-114 [DOI]
  • Shrivastava P., Jain T. and Ben V. (2016), 'Haplotype data for 17 Y-STR loci in the population of Madhya Pradesh, India', For Sci International Genet 26:e31-e32 [DOI]
  • Imam J., Reyaz R., Shankar R., Kumar A. and Shrivastava P. (2018), 'Genomic portrait of population of Jharkhand, India, drawn with 15 autosomal STRs and 17 Y-STRs', Int J Legal Med 132(1):139-40 [DOI]
  • Singh M., Sarkar A. and Madhusudan R. (2018), 'A comprehensive portrait of Y-STR diversity of Indian populations and comparison with 129 worldwide populations', Scientific Reports 8(1):15421 [DOI]
  • Singh M., Sarkar A., Kumar D. and Nandineni MR. (2020), 'The genetic affinities of Gujjar and Ladakhi populations of India', Scientific Reports 10:2055 [DOI]
  • Mohapatra BK., Chauhan K., Shrivastava P., Sharma A., Dagar S. and Kaitholia K. (2019), 'Haplotype data for 17 Y-STR loci in the population of Himachal Pradesh, India', Int J Legal Med 133(5):1401-1402 [DOI]
  • Shrivastava P., Kushwaha KPS., Kumawat RK., Chauhan T., Saiz M., Lorente JA., Batham MS., Singh SS. and Chaubey G. (2020), 'Untangled the genetic structure of Kahar and Tharu, using 23 Y chromosomal paternal lineage markers', Meta Gene 26:100797
  • Sharma S., Yadav R., Sahajpal V., Singh M., Ranga S., Kadian L., Yadav C., Patial A., Devi N. and Ahuja P. (2022), 'Y-23 mediated genetic data analysis of endogamous Brahmin population of Rajasthan, India', Data in Brief 42:108061 [DOI]
  • Kumawat RK., Shrivastava P., Shrivastava D. and Mathur GK. (2020), 'Molecular diversity of 23 Y-STR genetic markers in the population of Rajasthan, India', Meta Gene 24:100694 [DOI]
  • Panda M., Sharma AN., Kumawat RK. and Shrivastava P. (2022), 'Revealing genetic structure in the paternal lineages and forensic profiling of Bhotra tribe by the analysis of Y-STR multiplex platform', Human Gene 201038:In press [Link] [DOI]
  • Kumar A., Kumar R., Kumawat RK., Mathur B., Shrivastava P., Chaubey G. and Yadav RK. (2020), 'Genetic portrait study for 23 Y-STR loci in the population of Rajasthan, India', Int J Legal Med 134:1691-1693 [DOI]
  • Sahoo S., Samal R., Behera S., Biswas S., Dixit S., Kumawat RK., Chaubey G., Bhasney V. and Shrivastava P. (2021), 'Genomic insight into Y-STR diversity in the population of Odisha, India', Int J Legal Med 135:1771–2 [DOI]
  • Panda M., Kumawat R., Dixit S., Sharma AN., Shankar H., Chaubey G. and Shrivastava P. (2022), 'Forensic features and phylogenetic analyses of the population of Nayagarh (Odisha), India using 23 Y-STRs.', Ann Hum Biol :1-15 [Epub ahead of print] [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Joshi B., Lemtur S., Humtsoe M., Verma K., Kumawat RK., Kushwaha P., Kumar A., Srivastav KVV., Srivastava A. and Shrivastava P. (2021), 'Genetic portrait of 23 Y-STR loci in the Naga tribes of Nagaland, India', Int J Legal Med Epub ahead of print:In press [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005411, YA005131, YA005657, YA005792, YA005984, YA005773, YA005303, YA005898, YA005251, YA005054, YA005943, YA005550, YA005019, YA005946, YA004761
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here