Information on the National Database "Spain"

The National Database "Spain" consists of 8,515 haplotypes (at least minimal) which were published in 22 population studies and were additionally submitted via personal communication (9 submissions) .

Most common haplotypes

Count DYS19 DYS389I DYS389II DYS390 DYS391 DYS392 DYS393 DYS385
642 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,14
252 14 13 29 24 10 13 13 11,14
244 14 14 30 24 11 13 13 11,14
132 14 13 30 24 11 13 13 11,14
114 13 14 30 24 9 11 13 13,14
112 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 11,15
111 14 13 29 23 11 13 13 11,14
109 14 14 30 24 10 13 13 11,14
103 14 12 28 24 11 13 13 11,14
101 14 13 29 24 11 13 13 12,14
Count DYS391 DYS389I DYS439 DYS389II DYS438 DYS437 DYS19 DYS392 DYS393 DYS390 DYS385
246 11 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
82 10 13 12 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
79 9 14 10 30 10 14 13 11 13 24 13,14
74 11 13 12 29 12 14 14 13 13 24 11,14
73 11 13 11 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
69 11 13 13 29 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
49 11 14 12 30 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
47 11 14 11 30 12 15 14 13 13 24 11,14
46 11 14 12 30 12 14 14 13 13 24 11,14
45 10 13 12 29 12 14 14 13 13 24 11,14
Count DYS456 DYS389I DYS390 DYS389II DYS458 DYS19 DYS385 DYS393 DYS391 DYS439 DYS635 DYS392 YGATAH4 DYS437 DYS438 DYS448
37 15 13 24 29 17 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
21 15 14 24 30 20 14 11,14 13 10 11 23 13 12 14 12 19
18 15 13 24 30 15 14 13,17 12 10 13 21 11 12 14 9 20
18 16 13 24 29 18 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
17 15 14 24 30 17 13 13,14 13 9 10 21 11 12 14 10 20
17 16 13 24 29 16 14 11,14 13 11 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
16 15 13 23 29 18 15 11,14 13 11 11 23 13 12 15 12 20
15 15 13 24 29 18 14 11,14 13 10 12 23 13 12 15 12 19
15 15 13 24 29 18 14 12,14 14 11 8 23 13 13 15 12 20
15 15 14 24 30 18 14 11,14 13 11 11 23 13 11 15 12 19
Count DYS576 DYS389I DYS448 DYS389II DYS19 DYS391 DYS481 DYS549 DYS533 DYS438 DYS437 DYS570 DYS635 DYS390 DYS439 DYS392 DYS643 DYS393 DYS458 DYS385 DYS456 YGATAH4
3 17 14 18 31 14 11 22 13 12 12 14 17 23 24 12 13 10 13 17 11,14 16 11
3 18 13 18 29 15 10 24 12 12 11 15 16 24 23 13 13 10 13 14 12,12 14 12
3 18 14 19 30 14 10 23 12 12 12 15 16 23 23 13 13 10 13 18 11,11 17 12
2 13 14 20 30 15 10 21 14 11 9 14 17 21 23 12 13 10 13 19 13,17 15 11
2 15 12 23 29 15 10 22 12 10 10 16 17 22 21 11 10 12 15 17 13,13 15 11
2 15 13 22 29 16 10 21 12 10 10 16 20 21 21 12 10 12 14 16 13,13 15 11
2 15 14 18 30 14 11 22 13 12 12 14 16 23 24 12 13 10 13 16 12,14 15 12
2 16 12 19 28 15 10 23 13 12 9 16 18 21 24 11 11 9 13 17 13,17 13 11
2 16 12 20 28 14 10 26 12 11 10 16 19 21 23 11 11 12 13 14 13,15 14 10
2 16 12 20 29 15 10 24 11 12 10 15 18 21 23 11 11 12 14 17 12,13 13 11

 There are no Y27 haplotypes or all haplotypes are singletons.

 There are no Ymax haplotypes or all haplotypes are singletons.

Population studies

  • Kayser M., Krawczak M., Excoffier L., Dieltjes P., Corach D., Pascali V., Gehrig C., Bernini LF., Jespersen J., Bakker E., Roewer L. and Knijff D. (2001), 'An extensive analysis of Y-chromosomal microsatellite haplotypes in globally dispersed human populations.', Am J Hum Genet 68(4):990-1018 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Martinez-Jarreta B., Nievas P., Abecia E., Hinojal R. and Budowle B. (2003), 'Haplotype distribution of nine Y-chromosome STR-loci in two northern Spanish populations (Asturias and Aragon).', J Forensic Sci 48(1):204-5 [PubMed]
  • Gené M., Borrego N., Xifró A., Piqué E., Moreno P. and Huguet E. (1999), 'Haplotype frequencies of eight Y-chromosome STR loci in Barcelona (North-East Spain).', Int J Legal Med 112(6):403-5 [PubMed]
  • Pestoni C., Cal ML., Lareu MV., Rodríguez-Calvo MS. and Carracedo A. (1999), 'Y chromosome STR haplotypes: genetic and sequencing data of the Galician population (NW Spain).', Int J Legal Med 112(1):15-21 [PubMed]
  • Zarrabeitia MT., Riancho JA., Sánchez-Diz P. and Sánchez-Velasco P. (2001), '7-Locus Y chromosome haplotype profiling in a northern Spain population.', Forensic Sci Int 123(1):78-80 [PubMed]
  • Aler M., Salas A., Sánchez-Diz P., Murcia E., Carracedo A. and Gisbert M. (2001), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotypes from a Western Mediterranean population sample.', Forensic Sci Int 119(2):254-7 [PubMed]
  • García O., Yurrebaso I., Mancisidor ID., López S., Alonso S. and Gusmão L. (2016), 'Data for 27 Y-chromosome STR loci in the Basque Country autochthonous population', Forensic Science International: Genetics 20:e10-e12 [Link] [DOI]
  • Martín P., García-Hirschfeld J., García O., Gusmão L., García P., Albarrán C., Sancho M. and Alonso A. (2004), 'A Spanish population study of 17 Y-chromosome STR loci.', Forensic Sci Int 139(2-3):231-5 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Gamero JJ., Romero JL., González JL., Carvalho M., Anjos MJ., Real FC. and Vide MC. (2002), 'Y-chromosome STR haplotypes in a southwest Spain population sample.', Forensic Sci Int 125(1):86-9 [PubMed]
  • Hurles ME., Veitia R., Arroyo E., Armenteros M., Bertranpetit J., Pérez-Lezaun A., Bosch E., Shlumukova M., Cambon-Thomsen A., McElreavey K., De L., Röhl A., Wilson IJ., Singh L., Pandya A., Santos FR., Tyler-Smith C. and Jobling MA. (1999), 'Recent male-mediated gene flow over a linguistic barrier in Iberia, suggested by analysis of a Y-chromosomal DNA polymorphism.', Am J Hum Genet 65(5):1437-48 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Gaibar M., Esteban E., Moral P., Gómez-Gallego F., Santiago C., Bandrés F., Luna F. and Fernández-Santander A. (2010), 'STR genetic diversity in a Mediterranean population from the south of the Iberian Peninsula.', Ann Hum Biol 37(2):253-66 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Tomàs C., Jiménez G., Picornell A., Castro JA. and Ramon MM. (2006), 'Differential maternal and paternal contributions to the genetic pool of Ibiza Island, Balearic Archipelago.', Am J Phys Anthropol 129(2):268-78 [PubMed]
  • Rodríguez V., Tomàs C., Sánchez JJ., Castro JA., Ramon MM., Barbaro A., Morling N. and Picornell A. (2009), 'Genetic sub-structure in western Mediterranean populations revealed by 12 Y-chromosome STR loci.', Int J Legal Med 123(2):137-41 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Luis JR., Palencia‑Madrid L., Mendoza VC., Garcia‑Bertrand R., Pancorbo MM. and Herrera RJ. (2021), 'The Y chromosome of autochthonous Basque populations and the Bronze Age replacement', Scientific Reports 11:5607 [DOI]
  • Ambrosio B., Novelletto A., Hernandez C., Dugoujon JM., Fortes-Lima C., Rodriguez JN. and Calderon R. (2012), 'Y-STR genetic diversity in autochthonous Andalusians from Huelva and Granada provinces (Spain).', Forensic Sci Int Genet 6(2):e66-71 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Valverde L., Köhnemann S., Rosique M., Cardoso S., Zarrabeitia M., Pfeiffer H. and Pancorbo D. (2012), '17 Y-STR haplotype data for a population sample of Residents in the Basque Country.', Forensic Sci Int Genet 6(4):e109-11 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Nuñez C., Baeta M., Fernández M., Zarrabeitia M., Martinez-Jarreta B. and Pancorbo MM. (2015), 'Highly discriminatory capacity of the PowerPlex(®) Y23 System for the study of isolated populations', For Sci Int Genetics 17:104-107 [DOI]
  • Solé-Morata N., Bertranpetit J., Comas D. and Calafell F. (2015), 'Y-chromosome diversity in Catalan surname samples: insights into surname origin and frequency.', Eur J Hum Genet 23(11):1549-57 [PubMed] [DOI]
  • Martinez-Cadenas C., Blanco-Verea A., Hernando B., George BJ., Brion M., Carracedo A., Salas A. and Capelli C. (2016), 'The relationship between surname frequency and Y chromosome variation in Spain', European Journal of Human Genetics 24:120-8 [Link]
  • Martínez-Cruz B., Mendizabal I., Harmant C., Pablo D., Ioana M., Angelicheva D., Kouvatsi A., Makukh H., Netea MG., Pamjav H., Zalán A., Tournev I., Marushiakova E., Popov V., Bertranpetit J., Kalaydjieva L., Quintana-Murci L., Comas D. and Genographic-Consortium (2016), 'Origins, admixture and founder lineages in European Roma', Eur J Hum Genet 24(6):937-43 [DOI]
  • Saiz M., Jesus M., Antonio J., Carlos J. and Javier L. (2019), 'Genetic structure in the paternal lineages of South East Spain revealed by the analysis of 17 Y-STRs', Scientific Reports 9: 5234 [DOI]
  • Ferragut JF., Ramon C., Castro JA., Amorim A., Alvarez L. and Picornell A. (2020), 'Middle eastern genetic legacy in the paternal and maternal gene pools of Chuetas', Scientific Reports 10:21428 [DOI]

Personal communications

YA005209, YA005613, YA005270, YA005807, YA005816, YA005904, YA005011, YA005386, YA005064, YA005923, YA005852
* See FAQ/Glossary (http://yhrd.org/pages/faq) for further explanations of abbreviated terms used here